Son

A son is a male offspring; a boy, man, or male animal in relation to either or both of his parents. The female equivalent is a daughter.

ocial issues regarding sons

In many pre-industrial societies and some current countries with agriculture-based economies, a higher value was, and still is, assigned to sons rather than daughters, giving males higher social status, because males were physically stronger, and could perform farming tasks more effectively.

In China, a One-child Policy is in effect in order to address rapid population growth. Official birth records have shown a rise in the level of male births since the policy was brought into law. This has been attributed to a number of factors, including the illegal practice of sex-selective abortion and widespread under-reporting of female births.

In some societies that practice primogeniture, sons will customarily inherit before daughters.

pecialised use of the term "son"

American slang

In the lexicons of American English and African American Vernacular English, the term is sometimes used (1) by older men addressing younger men, implying the speaker's seniority; and (2) as one of endearment between young Black males and others who imitate hip hop culture, mainly in urban and inner city.

The origin of the term "Son" in the vernacular context was used among American East Coast urban youths as a derogatory term that extended beyond justifying seniority. Often, it was used to claim or instigate one's sentiment toward a rival. The term's derogatory intention began to shift as rap groups like the Wu-Tang Clan used it in their lyrics of the rough ghetto life as a form of endearment. As urban/hip-hop culture has been portrayed as a glamorous subculture to the youths today, the term has been commonly used as playful greeting for those who seek an urban identity to develop their own culture from and will use the term "Son" as well other terms found in rap lyrics like "Nigga", Cuhz (Cousin). Still, those who use or believe these terms are derogatory find differentiation in how the word is enunciated or structured. Mainly, in how the term is pronounced in comparison to the sentence structure as well as the body language (ie- gestural, proxemics, etc,).

Christian symbolism

Among Trinitarian Christians, "The Son" or Son of God, meaning the Light of God ( [John 1:4-9] ), refers to Jesus Christ.

In Semitic names

The Arabic word for son is "ibn". Because family and ancestry are important cultural values in the Arab World, Arabs often use "bin", which is a form of "ibn", in their full names. The "bin" here means "son of". Consequently, e.g. the Arab name of "Saleh bin Tarif bin Khaled Al-Fulani" translates as "Saleh, son of Tarif, son of Khaled; of the family Al-Fulani" (cf. Arab family naming conventions).

This is cognate with the Hebrew language "ben", as in "Judah ben Abram HaLevi", which means "Judah, son of Abram, the Levite".

Indications in names

In many cultures, the surname of the family means "son of", indicating a possible ancestry -- i.e., that the whole family descends from a common ancestor. It may vary between the beginning or the termination of the surname.;English
* "Son". Example: "Jefferson" ("son of Jeffrey"), "Wilson" ("son of William"), "Edson" ("son of Edward"), etc.;Irish
* "Mac" or "Mc". Example: "MacThomas" ("son of Thomas"), "MacDonald" ("son of Donald"), "MacLean" ("son of Lean"), etc.
* "O". Example: "O'Malley" ("son of Malley"), "O'Neill" ("son of Neill"), "O'Brady" ("son of Brady"), etc.; Norwegian
* "Son". Example: "Magnusson" ("son of Magnus"); "Sigurdsson" ("son of Sigurd"), "Odinson" ("son of Odin"), etc.
* "Sen". Example: "Henriksen" ("son of Henrik"), "Ambjørnsen" ("son of Ambjørn"), "Christensen" ("son of Christen"), etc.;Portuguese
* "Es". Example: "Gonçalves" ("son of Gonçalo"), "Henriques" ("son of Henrique"), "Fernandes" ("son of Fernando"), etc.;Spanish
* "Ez". Example: "Gonzalez" ("son of Gonzalo"), "Henriquez" ("son of Henrique"), "Fernandez" ("son of Fernando"), etc.;Italian
* "di". Example: "di Stefano" ("son of Steven"), "di Giovanni" ("son of John"), "di Giuseppe" ("son of Joseph"), etc.
* "de". Example: "de Paolo" ("son of Paul"), "de Mauro" ("son of Maurus"), "de Giorgio" (" son of George") etc.
* "d`". Example: "d`Antonio" ("son of Anthony"), "d`Adriano" ("son of Adrian"), "d`Agostino" ("son of Augustine") etc.;
* "-i", which comes from Latin ending for Genitive. Example: "Paoli" ("son of Paolo"), "Richetti" ("son of Richetto, a short name for Enrico") etc.;
"Romanian"
* "a" as prefix ( exception for women names that start in a and probably for others that start in vowels ) & "ei" as suffix". Example: "Amariei" ("son of Mary"), "Adomnitei" ("son of Domnita"), "Alenei" ("son of Elena/Leana"), etc;Polish
* "ski". Example: "Janowski" ("son of John"), "Piotrowski" ("son of Peter"), "Michalski" ("son of Michael"), etc.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Són — Son cubain Son (cubain) Origines stylistiques changui Origines culturelles Cuba Instrument(s) typique(s) tres, bon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Son — ist: Isone, Gemeinde im Kanton Tessin (veralteter deutscher Name) Son (Ardennen), Gemeinde im Département Ardennen, Frankreich der Oberlauf des französischen Flusses Son Sonnette ein Ortsteil der Gemeinde Son en Breugel, Nordbrabant Son… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Son — Son, n. [OE. sone, sune, AS. sunu; akin to D. zoon, OS., OFries., & OHG. sunu, G. sohn, Icel. sonr, Sw. son, Dan. s[ o]n, Goth. sunus, Lith. sunus, Russ. suin , Skr. s[=u]nu (from s[=u] to beget, to bear), and Gr. ? son. [root]293. Cf. {Sow}, n.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • SON — DNA binding protein, also known as SON, is a human gene.cite web | title = Entrez Gene: SON SON DNA binding protein| url = http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=gene Cmd=ShowDetailView TermToSearch=6651| accessdate = ] PBB Summary section… …   Wikipedia

  • SON — steht für: den Landkreis Sonneberg in Thüringen (Kfz Kennzeichen) Sonora, mexikanischer Bundesstaat, siehe Kfz Kennzeichen (Mexiko) eine mit dem japanischen Zen vergleichbare Schule des Buddhismus in Korea, siehe Son (Buddhismus) eine japanische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SON — s. m. La partie la plus grossière du blé moulu. Gros son. Un boisseau de son. Il en a tiré toute la farine, il n en reste plus que le son. Eau de son. Il faut donner de l eau de son à ce cheval pour le rafraîchir . Prov. et fig., Habit de velours …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • Son — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « son », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) En français, le mot son est à la fois deux noms… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SON — SA, SES. Adjectifs possessifs qui répondent aux pronoms de la troisième personne Soi, se, il. On les met toujours devant le substantif. Le premier est du genre masculin : Son père, son argent, son habit. Le second est du genre féminin : Sa soeur …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • SON — Adjectif possessif masculin , qui répond au pronom de la troisième personne Il, se, soi. On le met toujours devant le nom ou l’adjectif qui précède le nom. Son père. Son argent. Son honneur. Son premier livre. Il fait au féminin SA. Sa soeur. Sa… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • -son — Ein Patronym oder Vatersname (griechisch πατρονυμικόν patronymikon, Plural: Patronymika) ist ein Name, der angibt, wie der Vater des Namensträgers mit Vornamen heißt. Nimmt der Name auf die Mutter Bezug, so nennt man ihn ein Metronym (zu μήτηρ… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”