Venice treacle

Venice treacle, also called Andromachi theriaca, Theriacum Andromachi or treacle of Andromachus, in pharmacy, was a honey- or molasses-based alexipharmic composition once thought to be good against venom. It was first developed in Italy, then exported throughout Europe from Venice.

Theriaca Andromachi Senioris

The following ingredients for the theriac were taken from d'Amsterdammer Apotheek 1683 [Pharmacopaea Amstelredamensis,Jan ten Hoorn over 't oude Heere Logement, 1683] and translated from the old Latin names into the Latin names now used where possible. Not all ingredients are known.

Roots: Iris, Balsamorhiza deltoidea, Potentilla reptans (creeping cinquefoil), Rheum rhabarbarum (garden rhubarb), Zingiber, Angustafolia odorata, Gentiana, Meum Athamanticum (spignel), Valeriana, Corydalis cava (hollowroot), Agaricus, Cinnamomum zeylanicum (cinnamon), Cinnamomum aromaticum (cassia)

Leaves: Teucrium scordium (water germander), Franxinus excelsior, Clinopodium calamintha (lesser calamint), Marrubium vulgare (white or common horehound), Cymbopogon citratus (West-Indian lemongrass), Teucrium chamaedrys (wall germander), Cupressasae, Laurus nobilis (bay laurel), Polium montanum, Piper nigrum (black pepper), Piper longum (long pepper), Juniperus (juniper), Syzygium aromaticum (clove)

Flowers: Rosa, Crocus sativus, Lavandula stoechas (French lavender), Cenetaurii minoris

Seeds: Brassica napus (rapeseed), Petroselinum (parsley), Nigella sativa, Pimpinella anisum (anise), Elettaria cardamomum, Foeniculum vulgare (fennel), Hypericum perforatum (St. John's wort), seseli, thlaspi, Daucus carota (carrot), Lavandula angustifolia (common or English lavender), Papaver somniverum (opium poppy), glycyrrhiza, Cytinus hypocistis, Acaciae (acacia), Styrax benzoin, Gummi arabicum, Sagapeni (wax of an unknown tree probably some kind of Ferula), Gummi Opopanax chironium, Gummi Ferula foetida, Dead sea bitumen, Commiphora (a tree from which myrrh is derived), incense, Turpentine from Cyprus, Boli armen. verae, Chalciditis (copper containing substance), Castoreum, oil from Myristica fragans (nutmeg), Trochisci Viperarum, Magmatis Hedychroi, Canary Island wine, Narbonne white honey

References

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#cite web|url=http://www.kal69.dial.pipex.com/shop/pages/glossv.htm|title=A Glossary of Cookery and Other Terms|work=The History of English Cookery|accessdate=2006-01-13


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  • Venice treacle — Treacle Trea cle (tr[=e] k l), n. [OE. triacle a sovereign remedy, theriac, OF. triacle, F. th[ e]riaque (cf. Pr. triacla, tiriaca, Sp. & It. triaca, teriaca), L. theriaca an antidote against the bite of poisonous animals, Gr. ?, fr. ? of wild or …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Venice treacle — Theriac The ri*ac, Theriaca The*ri a*ca, n. [L. theriaca an antidote against the bite of serpents, Gr. ?: cf. F. th[ e]riaque. See {Treacle}.] 1. (Old Med.) An ancient composition esteemed efficacious against the effects of poison; especially, a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • venice treacle — noun Usage: usually capitalized V : a long disused universal antidote or cure all : theriaca 1 * * * Venice treacle noun (archaic) A supposed antidote for all poisons, of many ingredients • • • Main Entry: ↑Venice …   Useful english dictionary

  • Venice treacle — noun see theriaca * * * Venice treacle noun (archaic) A supposed antidote for all poisons, of many ingredients • • • Main Entry: ↑Venice …   Useful english dictionary

  • Venice treacle — Ven·ice treacle ven əs n THERIACA …   Medical dictionary

  • Treacle — Trea cle (tr[=e] k l), n. [OE. triacle a sovereign remedy, theriac, OF. triacle, F. th[ e]riaque (cf. Pr. triacla, tiriaca, Sp. & It. triaca, teriaca), L. theriaca an antidote against the bite of poisonous animals, Gr. ?, fr. ? of wild or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Treacle mustard — Treacle Trea cle (tr[=e] k l), n. [OE. triacle a sovereign remedy, theriac, OF. triacle, F. th[ e]riaque (cf. Pr. triacla, tiriaca, Sp. & It. triaca, teriaca), L. theriaca an antidote against the bite of poisonous animals, Gr. ?, fr. ? of wild or …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Treacle water — Treacle Trea cle (tr[=e] k l), n. [OE. triacle a sovereign remedy, theriac, OF. triacle, F. th[ e]riaque (cf. Pr. triacla, tiriaca, Sp. & It. triaca, teriaca), L. theriaca an antidote against the bite of poisonous animals, Gr. ?, fr. ? of wild or …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Treacle mining — is the (fictitious) mining of treacle (similar to molasses) in a raw form similar to coal. The subject purports to be a serious topic but is in fact an attempt to test the credulity of the reader. The thick black nature of treacle makes the… …   Wikipedia

  • Treacle — is a thick, dark sugar syrup produced during raw sugarcane refiningOxford English Dictionary, Second Edition, 1989.] , used chiefly in cooking as a form of sweetener. It has a distinctively strong flavour, slightly bitter, and a richer colour… …   Wikipedia

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