September 15

Events

* 668 - Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse, Italy.
* 921 - Saint Ludmila is murdered at the command of her daughter-in-law at Tetin.
*1556 - Departing from Vlissingen, ex-emperor Charles V returns to Spain.
*1584 - San Lorenzo del Escorial Palace in Madrid is finished.
*1600 - Battle of Sekigahara.
*1616 - The first non-aristocratic, free public school in Europe is opened in Frascati, Italy.
*1762 - Battle of Signal Hill.
*1776 - American Revolutionary War: British forces land at Kip's Bay during the New York Campaign.
*1789 - The United States Department of State is established (formerly known as "Department of Foreign Affairs").
*1812 - The French army under Napoleon reaches the Kremlin in Moscow.
*1820 - Constitutionalist revolution in Lisbon, Portugal; (see Portugal's crises of the Nineteenth Century.
*1821 - Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica jointly declare independence from Spain.
*1830 - The Liverpool to Manchester railway line opens (see also deaths, below).
*1831 - The locomotive "John Bull" operates for the first time in New Jersey on the Camden and Amboy Railroad.
*1835 - HMS "Beagle", with Charles Darwin aboard, reaches the Galápagos Islands.
*1851 - Saint Joseph's University is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
*1862 - American Civil War: Confederate forces capture Harpers Ferry, Virginia.
*1873 - Franco-Prussian War: The last German troops leave France upon completion of payment of indemnity.
*1883 - The Bombay Natural History Society is founded in Bombay (now Mumbai), India.
*1894 - First Sino-Japanese War: Japan defeats China in the Battle of Pyongyang.
*1916 - World War I: Tanks are used for the first time in battle, at the Battle of the Somme.
* 1928 - Tich Freeman becomes the only bowler to take 300 wickets in an English cricket season.
*1931 - In Scotland, the two-day Invergordon Mutiny against Royal Navy pay cuts begins.
*1935 - Nuremberg Laws deprive German Jews of citizenship.
* 1935 - Nazi Germany adopts a new national flag with the swastika.
*1940 - World War II: The climax of the Battle of Britain, when the Royal Air Force shoots down large numbers of Luftwaffe aircraft.
*1942 - World War II: The U.S. aircraft carrier USS "Wasp" is torpedoed at Guadalcanal.
*1944 - Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill meet in Quebec as part of the Octagon Conference to discuss strategy.
*1945 - A hurricane in southern Florida and the Bahamas destroys 366 planes and 25 blimps at NAS Richmond.
* 1947 - RCA releases the 12AX7 vacuum tube.
* 1947 - Typhoon Kathleen hit Tone River, Saitama and Tokyo area, killing at least 1,930 and injuring 1,750. [ [http://www.adrc.or.jp/management/JPN/Disaster%20Prevention%20in%20Japan.html?Flame=yes] ] .
*1948 - The F-86 Sabre sets the world aircraft speed record at 671 mph (1080 km/h).
*1950 - Korean War: United States forces land at Incheon, Korea.
*1952 - United Nations gives Eritrea to Ethiopia.
*1957 - West Germany holds its third parliamentary election. Konrad Adenauer remains chancellor.
*1958 - A Central Railroad of New Jersey commuter train runs through an open drawbridge at the Newark Bay, killing 58.
*1959 - Nikita Khrushchev becomes the first Soviet leader to visit the United States.
*1961 - Hurricane Carla strikes Texas with winds of 175 miles per hour.
*1962 - The Soviet ship "Poltava" heads toward Cuba, one of the events that sets into motion the Cuban Missile Crisis.
*1963 - The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing kills four children at an African-American church in Birmingham, Alabama, United States.
*1966 - U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson, responding to a sniper attack at the University of Texas at Austin, writes a letter to the United States Congress urging the enactment of gun control legislation.
*1968 - The Soviet "Zond 5" spaceship is launched, becoming the first spacecraft to fly around the Moon and re-enter the Earth's atmosphere.
*1972 - A magnitude 4.5 earthquake shakes Northern Illinois.
* 1972 - An SAS domestic flight from Gothenburg to Stockholm was hijacked and flown to Malmö-Bulltofta Airport.
*1974 - Air Vietnam flight 727 is hijacked, then crashes while attempting to land with 75 on board.
*1975 - The French département of Corse (the entire island of Corsica) is divided into two: Haute-Corse and Corse-du-Sud.
*1981 - The United States Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approves Sandra Day O'Connor to become the first female justice on the United States Supreme Court.
* 1981 - The John Bull becomes the oldest operable steam locomotive in the world when the Smithsonian Institution operates it under its own power outside Washington, DC.
* 1981 - Vanuatu becomes a member of the United Nations.
*1983 - Israeli premier Menachem Begin resigns.
*1987 - U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz and Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze sign a treaty to establish centers to reduce the risk of nuclear war.
*1989 - The U.S. Congress recognizes Terry Anderson's continued captivity in Beirut.
*1990 - France announces it will send 4,000 troops to the Persian Gulf
*1993 - Liechtenstein Prince Hans-Adam II disbands Parliament
*1998 - With the landmark merger of WorldCom and MCI Communications completed the day prior, the new MCI WorldCom opens its doors for business.
*2004 - NHL commissioner Gary Bettman announces a lockout of the players union and cessation of operations by the NHL head office.
*2008 - Lehman Brothers file Chapter 11 bankruptcy, the largest bankruptcy filing in U.S. History.

Births

* 973 - Al-Biruni, mathematician (d. 1048)
*1254 - Marco Polo, Italian explorer (d. 1324)
*1533 - Catherine of Austria, queen consort of Poland and Lithuania (d. 1572)
*1580 - Charles Annibal Fabrot, French lawyer (d. 1659)
*1613 - François de La Rochefoucauld, French writer (d. 1680)
*1649 - Titus Oates, English minister and plotter (d. 1705)
*1666 - Princess Sophia Dorothea of Celle (d. 1726)
*1715 - Jean Baptiste Vaquette de Gribeauval, French artillery specialist (d. 1789)
*1760 - Bogislav Friedrich Emanuel von Tauentzien, Prussian general of the Napoleonic Wars (d. 1824)
*1789 - James Fenimore Cooper, American novelist (d. 1851)
*1828 - Aleksandr Mikhailovich Butlerov, Russian chemist (d. 1886)
*1830 - Porfirio Díaz, President of Mexico (d. 1915)
*1852 - Edward Bouchet, American physicist (d. 1918)
*1857 - William Howard Taft, 27th President of the United States (d. 1930)
*1858 - Jenő Hubay, Hungarian violinist (d. 1937)
*1860 - Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya, Indian engineer (d. 1962)
*1863 - Horatio Parker, American composer (d. 1919)
*1867 - Vladimir May-Mayevsky, Russian counter-revolutionary (d. 1920)
*1876 - Bruno Walter, German conductor (d. 1962)
* 1876 - Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Indian novelist (d. 1938)
*1877 - Jakob Ehrlich, Austrian politician and zionist (d. 1938)
*1879 - Joseph Lyons, 10th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1939)
*1881 - Ettore Bugatti, Italian automobile engineer and designer (d. 1947)
*1883 - Esteban Terradas i Illa, Spanish mathematician and engineer (d. 1950)
*1887 - Carlos Dávila, former President of Chile (d. 1955)
*1888 - Antonio Ascari, Italian racing driver (d. 1925)
*1889 - Robert Benchley, American author (d. 1945)
*1890 - Agatha Christie, English writer (d. 1976)
* 1890 - Frank Martin, Swiss composer (d. 1974)
*1892 - Silpa Bhirasri, Italian sculptor (d. 1962)
*1894 - Jean Renoir, French film director (d. 1979)
* 1894 - Oskar Klein, Swedish physicist (d. 1977)
*1895 - Magda Lupescu, consort of King Carol II of Romania (d. 1977)
* 1895 - Charles "Chic" Harley, American football player (d. 1974)
*1898 - J. Slauerhoff, Dutch poet and novelist (d. 1936)
*1901 - Sir Donald Bailey, British engineer (d. 1985)
*1903 - Roy Acuff, American country musician (d. 1992)
*1904 - King Umberto II of Italy (d. 1983)
*1906 - Jacques Becker, French screenwriter and director (d. 1960)
*1907 - Gunnar Ekelöf, Swedish poet and writer (d. 1968)
* 1907 - Fay Wray, Canadian-born American actress (d. 2004)
*1908 - Penny Singleton, American actress (d. 2003)
*1909 - C.N.Annadurai, Former Chief Minister of Tamilnadu
*1911 - Karsten Solheim, Norwegian-born American golf entrepreneur (d. 2000)
*1913 - John N. Mitchell, United States Attorney General and Watergate figure (d. 1988)
*1913 - Johannes Steinhoff, German fighter pilot & NATO commander (d.1994)
*1914 - Creighton Abrams, American Army general (d. 1974)
* 1914 - Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentine writer (d. 1999)
*1915 - Albert Whitlock, English motion picture matte artist (d. 1999)
* 1915 - Ismail Yasin, Egyptian comedian and actor (d. 1972)
*1916 - Margaret Lockwood, English actress (d. 1990)
*1918 - Nipsey Russell, American comedian (d. 2005)
*1919 - Fausto Coppi, Italian racing cyclist (d. 1960)
* 1919 - Nelson Gidding, American screenwriter (d. 2004)
*1921 - Norma MacMillan, Canadian actress (d. 2001)
*1922 - Jackie Cooper, American actor and director
* 1922 - Bob Anderson (fencer), English sword-master
*1923 - Anton Heiller, Austrian organist (d. 1979)
*1924 - Bobby Short, American musician (d. 2005)
*1926 - Jean-Pierre Serre, French mathematician
* 1926 - Shohei Imamura, Japanese film director (d. 2006)
*1927 - David Stove, Australian philosopher, (d. 1994)
*1928 - Cannonball Adderley, American saxophonist and bandleader (d. 1975)
*1929 - Eva Burrows, the 13th General of The Salvation Army
* 1929 - Murray Gell-Mann, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
*1933 - Henry Darrow, American actor
* 1933 - Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos, Spanish conductor
*1934 - Fred Nile, Australian politician
*1937 - Robert Lucas, Jr., American economist, Nobel laureate
* 1937 - Fernando de la Rúa, 51st President of Argentina
*1938 - Gaylord Perry, baseball player
*1940 - Merlin Olsen, American football player and actor
* 1940 - Norman Spinrad, American science fiction author
*1941 - Flórián Albert, Hungarian footballer
* 1941 - Signe Toly Anderson, American singer
* 1941 - Mirosław Hermaszewski, Polish cosmonaut
* 1941 - Yuri Norstein, Russian animator
* 1941 - Viktor Zubkov, Russian government official
*1942 - Lee Dorman, American Bassist
*1944 - Sotirios Hatzigakis, Greek politician
*1945 - Hans-Gert Pöttering, well-known German politician in the European union, President of the European Parliament since 16 January 2007.
*1945 - Carmen Maura, Spanish actress
* 1945 - Jessye Norman, American opera singer
* 1945 - Ron Shelton, American film director
*1946 - Ola Brunkert, Swedish session drummer for ABBA (d. 2008)
* 1946 - Tommy Lee Jones, American actor
* 1946 - Oliver Stone, American film director
* 1946 - Howard Waldrop, American science fiction author
*1948 - Suzyn Waldman, American Sportscaster
*1949 - Joe Barton, American politician
*1951 - Pete Carroll, American football coach
* 1951 - Johan Neeskens, Dutch footballer
*1954 - Hrant Dink, Turkish-Armenian newspaper editor (d. 2007)
*1955 - Željka Antunović, Croatian politician
* 1955 - Renzo Rosso, Italian clothing designer
*1956 - Jaki Graham, English singer
* 1956 - Maggie Reilly, Scottish folk singer
*1958 - Dr. Know, American guitarist (Bad Brains)
* 1958 - Joel Quenneville, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1958 - Wendie Jo Sperber, American actress (d. 2005)
*1960 - Kevin Allen, Welsh actor
*1961 - Terry Lamb, Australian rugby league footballer
* 1961 - Dan Marino, American football player
*1962 - Dina Lohan, American actress and reality television star, mother of Lindsay Lohan
*1964 - Róbert Fico, Slovak Prime minister
* 1964 - Doyle Wolfgang von Frankenstein, former guitarist for horror punk band The Misfits
*1968 - Danny Nucci, American actor
*1969 - Jim Curtiss, American writer
* 1969 - Jeffrey Schwarz, American film director/producer
*1971 - Nathan Astle, New Zealand cricketer
* 1971 - Josh Charles, American actor
* 1971 - Ben Wallers, English musician and songwriter (Country Teasers)
*1972 - Jimmy Carr, English comedian
* 1972 - Kit Chan, Singaporean singer
* 1972 - Princess Letizia of Spain
*1973 - Julie Cox, English actress
*1974 - Jamie Stevens, German singer
*1976 - Paul Thomson, Scottish drummer (Franz Ferdinand)
* 1976 - Matt Thornton, American baseball player
*1977 - Angela Aki, Japanese singer-songwriter
* 1977 - Sophie Dahl, English model
* 1977 - Leander Jordan, National Football League offensive lineman
* 1977 - Marisa Ramirez, American actress
* 1977 - Jason Terry, American basketball player
* 1977 - Tom Hardy, British actor
*1978 - Eiður Guðjohnsen, Icelandic footballer
*1979 - Dave Annable, American actor
* 1979 - Amy Davidson, American actress
* 1979 - Carlos Ruiz, Guatemalan football player
* 1979 - Patrick Marleau, Canadian ice hockey player
*1980 - David Diehl, American football player
* 1980 - Jolin Tsai, Taiwanese pop singer
* 1980 - Mike Dunleavy, Jr., American basketball player
*1983 - Luke Hochevar, American baseball player
*1984 - Prince Henry of Wales
*1986 - Heidi Montag, American reality television star
*1987 - Aly Cissokho, French football player
*1988 - Chelsea Staub, American actress
*1989 - Chetan Ramlu, New Zealand musician

Deaths

* 668 - Constans II, Byzantine emperor (b. 630)
* 866 - Robert the Strong, Margrave of Neustria
*1231 - Louis I, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1173)
*1352 - Ewostatewos, Ethiopian monk and religious leader (b. 1273)
*1500 - John Morton, Archbishop of Canterbury
*1596 - Leonhard Rauwolf, German physician and botanist (b. 1535 or 1540)
*1613 - Thomas Overbury, English writer (b. 1581)
*1643 - Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork, Irish politician (b. 1566)
*1649 - John Floyd, English Jesuit preacher (b. 1572)
*1700 - André Le Nôtre, French landscape architect (b. 1613)
*1701 - Edmé Boursault, French writer (b. 1638)
*1707 - George Stepney, English poet and diplomat (b. 1663)
*1712 - Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin, English politician
*1750 - Charles Theodore Pachelbel, German composer (b. 1690)
*1794 - Abraham Clark, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1725)
*1803 - Gian Francesco Albani, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1719)
*1830 - William Huskisson, first rail fatality (b. 1770)
*1835 - Sarah Knox Taylor, wife of Jefferson Davis (b. 1814)
*1842 - Pierre Baillot, French violinist and composer (b. 1771)
*1842 - José Francisco Morazán Quezada, President of The Federal Republic of Central America (b. 1792)
*1859 - Isambard Kingdom Brunel, British engineer (b. 1806)
*1864 - John Hanning Speke, British explorer (b. 1827)
*1883 - Joseph Plateau, Belgian physicist (b. 1801)
*1885 - Jumbo, P. T. Barnum's circus elephant (hit by a train)
*1893 - Thomas Hawksley, English civil engineer (b. 1807)
*1921 - Roman Ungern von Sternberg, Russian counter-revolutionary (b. 1886)
*1926 - Rudolf Christoph Eucken, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1846)
*1930 - Milton Sills, American actor (b. 1882)
*1945 - André Tardieu, Prime Minister of France (b. 1876)
* 1945 - Anton Webern, Austrian composer (b. 1883)
*1965 - Steve Brown, American musician (b. 1890)
*1972 - Geoffrey Fisher, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1887)
*1973 - Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden (b. 1882)
* 1973 - Victor Jara, Chilean musician (b. 1941)
*1978 - Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer (b. 1898)
* 1978 - Robert Cliche, French Canadian politician and judge (b. 1921)
*1980 - Bill Evans, American jazz pianist (b. 1929)
*1981 - Harold Bennett, English actor (b. 1899)
*1983 - Prince Far I, reggae toaster and producer
*1985 - Cootie Williams, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1910)
*1987 - Steven Tuomi, murder victim of Jeffery Dahmer (b. 1963)
*1989 - Robert Penn Warren, American writer (b. 1905)
*1991 - John Hoyt, American actor (b. 1904)
*1993 - Ethan Allen, American baseball player (b. 1903)
*1995 - Harry Calder, South African cricketer (b. 1901)
*2000 - Vincent Canby, American movie critic (b. 1924)
*2003 - Jack Brymer, English clarinetist (b. 1915)
* 2003 - Josef Hirsal, Czech novelist (b. 1920)
*2004 - Johnny Ramone, American guitarist (The Ramones) (b. 1948)
* 2004 - Walter Stewart, Canadian journalist (b. 1931)
*2005 - Sidney Luft, American film director (b. 1915)
*2006 - Raymond Baxter, British television presenter (b. 1922)
* 2006 - Oriana Fallaci, Italian journalist and writer (b. 1929)
* 2006 - Pablo Santos, Mexican actor (b. 1987)
*2007 - Colin McRae, Scottish rally driver (b. 1968)
* 2007 - Aldemaro Romero, Venezuelan musician (b. 1928)
* 2007 - Brett Somers, Canadian-born American actress and Match Game panelist (b. 1924)
* 2008 - Richard Wright, keyboardist and founding member of Pink Floyd (b. 1943)

Holidays and observances

* International Day of Democracy.
*In ancient Greece, the second day of the Eleusinian Mysteries, when the priests of Demeter declared the public start of the rites.
*Catholic Calendar of Saints - Feast day of Our Lady of Sorrows.
*Also see September 15 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics).
*The United Kingdom - the British commemorate the Battle of Britain on the day of the last massive Luftwaffe attack in 1940.
*Japan - Respect for the Aged Day before 2003; beginning in 2003, Respect for the Aged Day is held on the third Monday of September.
*Thailand - Silpa Bhirasri Day.
*In India Engineer's Day celebrated on birthday of Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya.
*Slovenia - Restoration of Primorska to the Motherland Day
*Honduras-Independence Day

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/15 BBC: On This Day]
*
* [http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=Sep&day=15 On This Day in Canada]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • September — puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Mes 2 Cine 3 Música Mes La traducción alemana e inglesa de septiembre, noveno mes del calendario gregorian …   Wikipedia Español

  • September — Sm std. (14. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. (mēnsis) September, zu l. septem sieben . So bezeichnet als der siebente Monat des altrömischen Kalenderjahres, das im März beginnt.    Ebenso nndl. september, ne. september, nfrz. septembre, nschw.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • September — September: September латинское название месяца сентябрь September (певица) September (фильм) …   Википедия

  • September — September: Der schon mhd. bezeugte Name für den neunten Monat des Jahres, der im Ahd. witumānōt »Holzmonat« (zu ahd. witu »Brennholz«) und später herbistmānōt »Herbstmonat« genannt wurde, ist aus lat. (mensis) September entlehnt, dem lat.… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • September — September, gegenwärtig der neunte Monat, im altrömischen Kalender der siebente (daher der Name, von septem, sieben), hat 30 Tage, erhielt von Karl d. Gr. den Namen Herbstmonat, weil in ihm der Herbst seinen Anfang nimmt. Die Sonne tritt im S. in… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • September — er den niende måned. Det ældre danske navn for månederen var fiskemåned. Måneden har navn efter det latinske ord septem (der betyder syv), da september var den syvende måned i den romerske kalender …   Danske encyklopædi

  • September — late O.E., from L. September, from septem seven (see SEVEN (Cf. seven)). So called because it was the seventh month of the old Roman calendar, which began the year in March; Julian calendar reform (46 B.C.E.) shifted the new year back two months …   Etymology dictionary

  • September — [Aufbauwortschatz (Rating 1500 3200)] Bsp.: • Der 23. September ist der Geburtstag meiner Tante …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • September — [sep tem′bər] n. [ME & OFr Septembre < L September < septem, seven (+ ber < ?): so named as the seventh month of the ancient Roman year, which began with March] the ninth month of the year, having 30 days: abbrev. Sept, Sep, or S …   English World dictionary

  • September — Sep*tem ber, n. [L., fr. septem seven, as being the seventh month of the Roman year, which began with March: cf. F. septembre. See {Seven}.] The ninth month of the year, containing thurty days. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • September — September, der 9. Monat unsers Kalenders, von 30 Tagen, der 7. (daher sein Name) des alten römischen Jahres. In ihm (gewöhnlich den 22.) nimmt der Herbst seinen Anfang, daher er von Karl dem Großen den Namen Herbstmonat erhielt; er heißt auch… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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