- Cannon-Bard theory
The Cannon-Bard theory is a psychological theory developed by physiologists
Walter Cannonand Philip Bard, which suggests that people feel emotions first and then act upon them. These actions include changes in muscular tension, perspiration, etc. The theory was formulated following the introduction of the James-Lange theoryof Emotion in the late 1800s, which alternately suggested that emotion is the result of one's perception of their reaction, or "bodily change."
The Cannon-Bard theory sparked much controversy in cognitive circles due to its suggestion that there is no mechanism to emotion, and many theorists attempted to provide explanations of emotion that suggested a mechanism. One such theory was provided by Schachter & Singer's
Two factor theory of emotion, in which they posited that emotion is the cognitive interpretation of a physiological response. For many, this remains the best formulation of emotion.
"I see a man outside my window. I am afraid. I begin to perspire."
The Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotion is based on the premise that one reacts to a specific stimulus and experiences the corresponding emotion simultaneously. Therefore, if one is afraid of heights and is travelling to the top of a skyscraper, they are likely to experience the emotion of fear. Subsequently, the perception of this emotion (fear) influences the person's reaction to the stimulus (heights). Cannon and Bard posited that one is able to react to a stimulus only after experiencing the related emotion.
STIMULUS (Bear) --> EMOTION (Fear) --> REACTION/RESPONSE (Run Away)
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Cannon's theory — Cannon Bard theory emergency t … Medical dictionary
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Cannon, Walter B(radford) — born Oct. 19, 1871, Prairie du Chien, Wis., U.S. died Oct. 1, 1945, Franklin, N.H. U.S. neurologist and physiologist. He was the first to use X rays in physiological studies. He also investigated hemorrhagic and traumatic shock during World War I … Universalium
emergency theory — the theory that the adrenal medulla is stimulated during emotional excitement, pain, and bodily emergencies; see also alarm reaction, under reaction. Called also Cannon s t. and Cannon Bard t … Medical dictionary
Walter Bradford Cannon — Infobox Scientist name = Walter Bradford Cannon box width = image size =210px caption = Walter Bradford Cannon at Harvard. birth date = October 19, 1871 birth place = Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin death date = October 19, 1945 death place =… … Wikipedia
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таламическая теория эмоций — thalamic theory of emotion, Cannon Bard theory … Russian-english psychology dictionary
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Emotion — For other uses, see Emotion (disambiguation). Emotional redirects here. For other uses, see Emotional (disambiguation). Emotions Affection Anger Angst Annoyance Anxiety Apathy Arousal Awe Bo … Wikipedia