official_name = Aveiro
image_coat_of_arms = AVR.png
Region = Centro
District = Aveiro
Old region =
Mayor_name = Élio Maia
Mayor_party = PSD-CDS
area_total = 199.9
population_total = 73,521
population_density = 368
Parishes = 14
coor = 40º37'N 8º38'W
params = 40_37_N_8_38_W
website = http://www.cm-aveiro.pt
Aveiro (pronounced|aˈvɐjɾu) is a city of some 57,000 people and a municipality in
Portugalwith a total area of 199.9 km²and a total population of 73,521 inhabitants, and 59,860 electors (2006).
The municipality is composed of 14 parishes, and is located in the District of Aveiro.The present Mayor is Élio Manuel Delgado da Maia, elected by a coalition between the Social Democratic Party and the Democratic Social Centre
The municipal holiday is
Nossa Senhora de Fátima
* São Bernardo
* Vera Cruz
The seat of the municipality is the city of Aveiro, with about 57,000 inhabitants in the 5 urban parishes. Located on the shore of the
Atlantic Ocean, Aveiro is an industrial city with an important seaport. The city of Aveiro is also the capital of the District of Aveiro,and the largest city in the Baixo Vouga subregion. The city is serviced by regional trains and Alfa Rapidos/fast trains.
Aveiro has a university and many malls.Aveiro is known in Portugal for its traditional sweets, the
ovos-molesand the trouxas de ovos, both made from eggs. It is sometimes called "The Portuguese Venice", because of its canals and boats that remind one of the Italian city of Venice, as the city faced similar problems when it tried to conquer the water.
The city dates back at least to the 10th century when it was known by its first Latin name of Aviarium, literally, "a gathering place or preserve of birds". The Moors invaded and then held it until the 11th century, after which it became popular with Portuguese royalty. In the winter of 1575 a terrible storm closed the entrance to its port, ending a thriving trade in metals and tiles. The same storm also created a reef barrier at the Atlantic Ocean.
The city is also famous for its production of salt and for its seaweed harvest, which is used for fertiliser in the area.
The famous explorer João Afonso was also born in Aveiro. He was the first European to visit the region of Benin in Nigeria and named the river located there, Rio Fermoso. He helped to build a fort in Mina: he never came back to Portugal. He died in the region and is credited for bringing to Lisbon the first pepper that ever came out of those parts. He was also credited as one of the discoverers of the Newfoundland fisheries. [http://www.diafrica.org/nigeriaop/kenny/DH06.htm]
The city is also famous for the Convento de Jesus (now known as the City Museum "Santa Joana"), built in the 15th century, which contains the tomb of the daughter of Afonso V, St. Joana, who died in 1490. The presence of this royal personage, beatified in 1673, proved to be of great benefit when she bequeathed her valuable estate to the convent. In the 17th and 18th centuries the convent housed a school of embroidery, which produced many of the sumptuous pieces kept in the museum.
Aveiro hosted 3 games of the
2004 European Football Championship.
The University of Aveiro was created in 1973 and is considered one of the most dynamic and innovative universities of Portugal, attracting thousands of students to the city.The University has about 430 professors (with Ph.D. degree), 11,000 undergraduate students and 1,300 post-graduate students.
News from local newspapers are available at http://www.recortes.pt .
Aveiro's sister cities are:
Viana do Castelo, Portugal, since 1910
Belém, Brazil, since 1970
Pelotas, Brazil, since 1970
* - Ōita,
Japan, since 1978
Bourges, France, since 1989
Inhambane, Mozambique, since 1989
Arcachon, France, since 1989
Ciudad Rodrigo, Spain, since 1989
Forlì, Italy, since 1990
* - Santa Cruz,
Cape Verde, since 1993
Pemba, Mozambique, since 1995
Cubatão, Brazil, since 1997
Duchy of Aveiro
*District of Aveiro
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U0-wzNYdnqU/ Video about Aveiro and its University]
* [http://www.aveiro.co.pt/ Portal of Aveiro]
* [http://www.cm-aveiro.pt/ Town Hall official website]
* [http://www.ua.pt/ University of Aveiro]
* [http://www.ovosmoles.net/ Portal Ovos Moles ]
* [http://www.flickr.com/photos/vitor107/sets/1419602/ Photos from Aveiro]
* [http://panoramicas2007.blogspot.com/ Panoramic Photos of Aveiro]
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