Jungle Cat

Jungle Cat

Taxobox
name = Jungle CatMSW3 Wozencraft | pages = 535]
status = LC
trend = down
status_system = iucn3.1
status_ref =IUCN2006|assessors=Cat Specialist Group|year=2002|id=8540|title=Felis chaus|downloaded=5 May 2006 Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern]


image_caption = Jungle cat with a bird in its mouth
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
ordo = Carnivora
familia = Felidae
genus = "Felis"
species = "F. chaus"
binomial = "Felis chaus"
binomial_authority = Schreber, 1777
The jungle cat ("Felis chaus"), also called the swamp lynx (although not closely related to the lynxes), is a medium-small cat, but is now considered the largest remaining species of the wild cat genus "Felis". It averages 70 cm (28 in), plus a relatively short 20 cm (8 in) tail, and stands about 36 cm (14 in) tall. Weight varies across the range from 4 to 16 kg (8.8 to 35 lbs), though exceptionally heavy specimens have also been reported. Dependent on the subspecies the colour of the fur is yellowish-grey to reddish-brown. While vertical bars are visible on the fur of kittens, these bars disappear in adult cats. Due to the pointed ears and the long legs this cat resembles a small lynx (hence the name "swamp lynx").

This cat is distributed over Egypt, West and Central Asia, South Asia, Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia. It inhabits various habitats, for instance savannas, tropical dry forests and the reedbeds along rivers and lakes, but it is not found in rainforests. In some areas the jungle cat comes close to villages and may even live in deserted houses. The jungle cat lives in heights up to 2500 m, but is more common in the lowlands.

Jungle cats hunt in the daytime for rodents, frogs and birds. Those cats living close to bodies of water are able to swim and dive in order to catch fish.

This species has been hybridized with the domestic cat, producing the "chausie" breed.

During mating season, the male "barks", sounding like a large dog. [ [http://www.bigcatrescue.org/jungle_cat.htm Jungle Cat ] ] In captivity, males have been observed to be very protective of their offspring, more than the females of their own species, or males of other cat species. [ [http://lynx.uio.no/lynx/catsgportal/cat-website/catfolk/chaus01.htm CSG Species Accounts: Jungle cat (Felis chaus) ] ]

ubspecies

* "Felis chaus chaus", South-east Turkey, large parts of Caucasus, North-west Jordan, Southern Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Southwestern Russia and most of Central Asia
* "Felis chaus affinis", Kashmir to Sikkim, Nepal, Bhutan, Yunnan and North-west Indochina
* "Felis chaus fulvidina", Thailand, Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam
* "Felis chaus furax"
* "Felis chaus kelaarti", Sri Lanka
* "Felis chaus kutas", western India, Pakistan
* "Felis chaus maimanah"
* "Felis chaus nilotica", Northern Nile valley, Egypt
* "Felis chaus oxiana"
* "Felis chaus prateri", western India

tatus

This species is often assessed as being in no danger and has therefore been ignored as a rare species. In fact, in recent years a clearer picture has showed that this species could well be among the rarest of the small cats in Asia, and definitely the rarest one for which there is no protection within most of its current distribution. The species is assumed to be rare in its marginally African range. It is also assumed to be rather rare throughout the Middle East, where it is heavily hunted and poisoned (the only recent records from Jordan is of poisoned animals) and it is likely that this species is scarce in most parts of the Middle East. The species is assumed to be quite common in the Caucasus, although it is heavily hunted there for its fur.

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jungle cat — Jungle Jun gle (j[u^][ng] g l), n. [Hind. jangal desert, forest, jungle; Skr. ja[.n]gala desert.] 1. A dense growth of brushwood, grasses, reeds, vines, etc.; an almost impenetrable thicket of trees, canes, and reedy vegetation, as in India,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • jungle cat — nendrinė katė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Felis chaus angl. chaus; jungle cat vok. Chaus; Dschungelkatze; Katzenluchs; Luchskatze; Rohrkatze; Sumpfluchs rus. болотная рысь; камышовая кошка; хаус… …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • jungle cat — noun Date: 1877 a small grayish to tawny cat (Felis chaus) found from northern Africa to Asia and having a black tipped tail and tufted ears; broadly a wild cat (as a leopard) of tropical regions …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • jungle cat — type of wild cat …   English contemporary dictionary

  • jungle cat — noun small Asiatic wildcat • Syn: ↑Felis chaus • Hypernyms: ↑wildcat • Member Holonyms: ↑Felis, ↑genus Felis …   Useful english dictionary

  • Jungle — usually refers to a dense forest in a hot climate, such as a tropical rainforest. The word Jungle originates from the Sanskrit word Jangala which means a desert or uncultivated land [http://www.answers.com/topic/jungle?cat=technology] . The term… …   Wikipedia

  • Jungle — Jun gle (j[u^][ng] g l), n. [Hind. jangal desert, forest, jungle; Skr. ja[.n]gala desert.] 1. A dense growth of brushwood, grasses, reeds, vines, etc.; an almost impenetrable thicket of trees, canes, and reedy vegetation, as in India, Africa,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jungle bear — Jungle Jun gle (j[u^][ng] g l), n. [Hind. jangal desert, forest, jungle; Skr. ja[.n]gala desert.] 1. A dense growth of brushwood, grasses, reeds, vines, etc.; an almost impenetrable thicket of trees, canes, and reedy vegetation, as in India,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jungle cock — Jungle Jun gle (j[u^][ng] g l), n. [Hind. jangal desert, forest, jungle; Skr. ja[.n]gala desert.] 1. A dense growth of brushwood, grasses, reeds, vines, etc.; an almost impenetrable thicket of trees, canes, and reedy vegetation, as in India,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jungle fowl — Jungle Jun gle (j[u^][ng] g l), n. [Hind. jangal desert, forest, jungle; Skr. ja[.n]gala desert.] 1. A dense growth of brushwood, grasses, reeds, vines, etc.; an almost impenetrable thicket of trees, canes, and reedy vegetation, as in India,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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