Mariehamn


Mariehamn
Mariehamn
—  Town  —
Mariehamns stad
The museum ship Pommern is anchored in the western of Mariehamn's two harbours, Västerhamn.

Coat of arms
Location of Mariehamn in Finland
Mariehamn is located in Åland
Mariehamn
Location in Åland
Coordinates: 60°06′N 019°56′E / 60.1°N 19.933°E / 60.1; 19.933Coordinates: 60°06′N 019°56′E / 60.1°N 19.933°E / 60.1; 19.933
Country Finland
Region Åland
Sub-region Mariehamn
Charter 1861
Government
 - Town manager Ritva Sarin-Grufberg
Area(2011-01-01)[1]
 - Total 20.75 km2 (8 sq mi)
 - Land 11.79 km2 (4.6 sq mi)
 - Water 8.96 km2 (3.5 sq mi)
Area rank 335th largest in Finland
Population (2011-01-31)[2]
 - Total 11,186
 - Rank 92nd largest in Finland
 - Density 948.77/km2 (2,457.3/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 - Swedish 87.7% (official)
 - Finnish 5.8%
 - Others 6.5%
Population by age[4]
 - 0 to 14 14.8%
 - 15 to 64 67.8%
 - 65 or older 17.4%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 16.5%
Website www.mariehamn.ax
Mariehamn.jpg

Mariehamn (Finnish: Maarianhamina) is the capital of Åland, an autonomous territory under Finnish sovereignty. Mariehamn is the seat of the Government and Parliament of Åland, and 40% of the population of Åland live in the city. Like all of Åland, Mariehamn is unilingually Swedish-speaking and around 88% of the inhabitants speak it as their native language.[3]

The town was named after Maria Alexandrovna, the Empress consort of Alexander II of Russia. Mariehamn was founded in 1861, around the village of Övernäs, in what was at the time part of the municipality of Jomala. The city has since expanded and incorporated more of Jomala territory. The city is located on a peninsula, and has two important harbours, one located on the western shore and one on the eastern shore. The Western Harbour is an important international harbour with daily traffic to Sweden and mainland Finland. A powerful incentive for Baltic ferries to stop at Mariehamn is that, with respect to indirect taxation, Åland is not part of the EU customs zone and so duty-free goods can be sold aboard. Mariehamn Airport is located in the neighbouring municipality of Jomala, some 3 kilometres (2 mi) north-west of Mariehamn city centre.

The Eastern Harbour in Mariehamn.

Åland and Mariehamn have a reputable heritage in shipping. The Flying P-Liner Pommern museum ship is anchored in the Western Harbour. The Eastern Harbour features one of the largest marinas in Scandinavia. The famous Dutch steamer Jan Nieveen (now called F.P. von Knorring, after Åland teacher and vicar Frans Peter von Knorring) can also be found here.

The city is an important centre for Åland media; both of the local newspapers (Ålandstidningen and Nya Åland), several radio stations and the local TV channels (TV Åland and Åland24) operate out of the city.

Mariehamn features several buildings drawn by Finnish architect Lars Sonck, who moved to Åland as a child. Buildings drawn by him include the church of Mariehamn (1927), the main building of the Åland Maritime College (1927) and the town hall (1939). Hilda Hongell has also designed several buildings, although only a few are still standing.

Contents

Demographics

Saint George's church

A chart on population growth.

Year
Population
1987
9,966
1990
10,263
1997
10,408
2000
10,488
2002
10,632
2004
10,712
2006
10,824
2008
11,005
2009
11,123

International relations

Twin towns — sister cities

Mariehamn is twinned with:[6]

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mariehamn — Mariehamn, Kreisstadt im finn. Gouv. Åbo Björneborg, Kreis Aland, an der Südküste der Insel Åland, mit (1899) 950 Einw. M. ist Sitz eines deutschen Konsularagenten …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mariehamn — en sueco, Maarianhamina en finés, capital de la Provincia de las Islas de Åland (Finlandia), cuenta con una población de 10.609 habitantes, de los cuales el 91% son de lengua sueca. La ciudad fue fundada en 1861 y debe su nombre ( puerto de María …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mariehamn —   [mariə hamn], finnisch Maarianhamina [ mɑːriɑnhɑminɑ], Hauptstadt der Ålandinseln, Finnland, an der Südküste der Hauptinsel, 10 400 Einwohner (schwedischsprachig); Seefahrtschule, Seefahrt , Åland , Kunstmuseum; Reederei.   Stadtbild:   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Mariehamn — Mariehamns stad Wappen Karte Basisdaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mariehamn — Maarianhamina / Mariehamn Mariehamn Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mariehamn — 60° 06′ 00″ N 19° 56′ 00″ E / 60.1, 19.933333 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mariehamn — Original name in latin Mariehamn Name in other language MHQ, Maarianhamina, Marianhamina, Mariankhamina, Mariehameena, Mariehamn, Mariekhamn, Mariuhoefn, Mariyekhamn, Marrianhamina, Maruhfn, mariehamun, Мариехамн State code AX Continent/City… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Mariehamn — Maarianhamina (Finnish), Mariehamn (Swedish) …   Names of cities in different languages

  • Mariehamn — Sp Mãrianhamina Ap Maarianhamina suomiškai Ap Mariehamn švediškai L Suomija (Alandų ss.) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Mariehamn — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Mariehamn Country and Admin Code AX.478 AX …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.