name = AUDI AG
(FWB Xetra: [http://deutsche-boerse.com/dbag/dispatch/en/isg/gdb_navigation/home?module=InOverview_Equi&wp=DE0006757008&foldertype=_Equi&wplist=DE0006757008&active=overview&wpbpl= NSU] )
foundation = flagicon|Germany|
locations = "production locations:"
Ingolstadt& Neckarsulm; Hungary: Győr; Belgium: Brussels; Brazil: Curitiba;
area_served = Worldwide
Chairman of the Board of Management,
Chairman of the Supervisory Board (Volkswagen AG)
revenue = profit € 33.617 billion (2007) [ [http://www.audi.com/audi/com/en2/about_audi_ag/investor_relations/financial_reports/annual_reports/2007_annual_report.html 2007 Annual Report] Audi AG]
net_income = profit € 2.915 billion (2007)
equity = 37.0%Fact|date=June 2008
num_employees = 53,347 (2007)
Partners = Volkswagen Group
slogan = "
Vorsprung durch Technik"
"Truth in Engineering" (flagicon|USA)
Audi Hungaria Motor Kft
homepage = [http://www.audi.com Audi.com]
intl = yes
AUDI AG, (Xetra: [http://deutsche-boerse.com/dbag/dispatch/en/isg/gdb_navigation/home?module=InOverview_Equi&wp=DE0006757008&foldertype=_Equi&wplist=DE0006757008&active=overview&wpbpl= NSU] ), commonly known as Audi (pronEng|aˈʊdi), is a German
automobile manufacturerwhich produces Audi branded cars, with headquarters in Ingolstadt, Bavaria. Audi has been an almost wholly-owned (99.7%) subsidiary of the Volkswagen Group (Volkswagen AG) since 1964 (when the group was formerly known as "Volkswagen Audi Group" - VAG), and is held in ownership by its shareholdersndash hence the term " Aktiengesellschaft" or "AG". The company evolved from Volkswagen Group's takeover of both Auto Union, and NSU Motorenwerke AG(NSU), the former having incorporated the historic Audi company which was founded in 1910.
taglineis " Vorsprung durch Technik", meaning "Advancement through Technology". This German-language tagline is also used in other European countries, including the United Kingdom, and in other markets, such as Latin America, Oceaniaand parts of Asiaincluding Japan. The North American tagline is "Innovation through technology", but in Canada the German tagline "Vorsprung durch Technik" is now used in advertising.
The origins of Audi
The company traces its origins back to 1899 and
August Horch. The first Horchautomobile was produced in 1901 in Zwickau. In 1909, Horch was forced out of the company he had founded. He then started a new company in Zwickau and continued using the Horch brand. His former partners sued him for trademarkinfringement and a German court determined that the Horch brand belonged to his former company. August Horch was forced to refrain from using his own family namein his new car business. Horch immediately called a meeting at the apartment of Franz Fikentscher to come up with a new name for his company. During this meeting Franz's son was quietly studying Latin in a corner of the room. Several times he looked like he was on the verge of saying something but would just swallow his words and continue working, until he finally blurted out, "Fatherndash "audiatur et altera pars"... wouldn't it be a good idea to call it "audi" instead of "horch"?". "Horch!" in German means "Hark!" or "listen", which is "Audi" in Latin (compare audible). The idea was enthusiastically accepted by everyone attending the meeting. [cite book
title = A History of Progressndash Chronicle of the Audi AG
publisher = Audi AG, Public Relations
year = 1996
pages = 30
url = http://www.bentleypublishers.com/product.htm?code=gahp
isbn = 0-8376-0384-6] It is sometimes (incorrectly) believed that AUDI is a
backronym(a reversed acronym) which stands for "Auto Union Deutschland Ingolstadt".
Audi started with a 2,612 cc (2.6 litre)
four cylindermodel followed by a 3564 cc (3.6 L) model, as well as 4680 cc (4.7 L) and 5720 cc (5.7L) models. These cars were successful even in sporting events. August Horch left the Audi company in 1920. The first six cylinder model, 4655 cc (4.7 L) appeared in 1924. In 1928, the company was acquired by Jørgen Rasmussen, owner of DKW. In the same year, Rasmussen bought the remains of the US automobile manufacturer, Rickenbacker, including the manufacturing equipment for eight cylinder engines. These engines were used in "Audi Zwickau" and "Audi Dresden" models that were launched in 1929. At the same time, six cylinder and four cylinder (licensed from Peugeot) models were manufactured. Audi cars of that era were luxurious cars equipped with special bodywork.
The Auto Union era
In 1932, Audi merged with
Horch, DKWand Wanderer, to form Auto Union.
World War II, Auto Union used the four interlinked rings that make up the Audi badge today, representing these four brands. This badge was used, however, only on Auto Union racing cars in that period while the member companies used their own names and emblems. The technological development became more and more concentrated and some Audi models were propelled by Horch or Wanderer built engines. During World War II, the Horch/Auto Union produced the Sd-Kfz 222 armored car, which was used in the German army during the war. It was powered by an Convert|81|hp|kW|0|abbr=on Horch/Auto Union V8engine which had a top speed of 50 miles per hour.
Another vehicle which was used in World War II to shuttle German military officials safely was known as the Kraftfahrzeug (KFZ 11) or the Horch Type 80. The military used it as a light transport vehicle.
The four-ring logo
The Audi emblem is four overlapping rings that represent the four
marques of Auto Union. The Audi emblem symbolizes the amalgamation of Audi with DKW, Horch and Wanderer: the first ring represents Audi, the second represents DKW, third is Horch, and the fourth and last ring Wanderer. [cite web
url = http://www.carlogo.info/audi-audi-logo_blog-bid-29.htm
title = Audi Logo
author = Car Logo
accessdate = 2007-09-10]
Pause and a new start
The Auto Union plants were heavily bombed and severely damaged during
World War II. After the war Zwickau was located in the Soviet occupied zone of Germany (Since 1949 German Democratic Republic). The Auto Union AG was liquidated. After the expropriation of all Auto Union production plants, the Audi factory became "VEB Automobilwerk Zwickau" (AWZ). The new Auto Union was launched as a justicial new company on 3 September, 1949 in Ingolstadt( Bavaria). Many employees of the destroyed factories in Zwickau came to Ingolstadt and restarted the production of cars and motorcycles. The first car-like vehicle produced in Ingolstadt was a utility van, the DKW F89Lalso known as DKW-Schnelllaster. After a former Rheinmetallgun factory in Duesseldorfwas established as a second assembly facility, the compact sedan car DKW F89went into production. Both models were based on pre-war constructions: the DKW F8and the DKW F9. The former Audi factory in Zwickau, now under Soviet control, manufactured since the pre-war DKW models as IFA F8and IFA F9in a very similar way, beginning in 1949. All these cars were equipped with the famous DKW two-stroke engines.
Daimler-Benzacquired 87% of Auto Union and in the next year 100%. In 1964, Volkswagenacquired the factory in Ingolstadt and the trademark rights of the Auto Union. Two-stroke engines became less popular towards the middle of the 1960s as customers were more attracted to the comfortable four-stroke engines. In September 1965, the last DKW model, the DKW F102, got a four-stroke engine implanted and some front and rear styling changes. Volkswagen dumped the brand DKW because of its two-stroke smell, relaunching the Audi brand. The new model was classified internally as the F103 and sold as simply the "Audi" (the name being a model designation rather than the manufacturer, which was still officially Auto Union) but later came to be known as the Audi 72. Developments of the model were named for their horsepower ratings and sold as the Audi 60, 75, 80, and Super 90. These models sold until 1972. [cite web
url = http://www.pimp-my-audi.de/geschichte/audi_geschichte.htm
title = Audi History (german)
accessdate = 2008-09-21] [cite web
url = http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Automobilwerk_Zwickau
title = VEB Automobilwerk Zwickau (german)
accessdate = 2008-09-21] [cite web
url = http://wissen.spiegel.de/wissen/dokument/dokument.html?id=41760662&top=SPIEGEL
title = Spiegel Wissen: Auto Union (german)
accessdate = 2008-09-21]
In 1969, Auto Union merged with NSU, based in
Neckarsulm, near Stuttgart. In the 1950s, NSU had been the world's largest manufacturer of motorcycles, but had moved on to produce small cars like the NSU Prinz, the TT and TTS versions of which are still popular as vintage race cars. NSU then focused on new rotary engines based on the ideas of Felix Wankel. In 1967, the new NSU Ro 80was a space-age car, well ahead of its time in technical details such as aerodynamics, light weight, and safety but teething problems with the rotary engines put an end to the independence of NSU. Today the Neckarsulm plant is used to produce the larger Audi models: the R8, and the "RS" model range.
The mid-sized car that NSU had been working on, the K70, was intended to slot between the rear-engined Prinz models and the futuristic
NSU Ro 80. However, Volkswagen took the K70 for its own range, spelling the end of NSU as a separate brand.
The modern era of Audi
The new merged company was known as Audi NSU Auto Union AG, and saw the emergence of Audi as a separate brand for the first time since the pre-war era. Volkswagen introduced the Audi brand to the United States for the 1970 model year.
The first new car of this regime was the
Audi 100of 1968. This was soon joined by the Audi 80/Fox (which formed the basis for the 1973 Volkswagen Passat) in 1972 and the Audi 50(later rebadged as the Volkswagen Polo) in 1974. The Audi 50 was a seminal design in many ways, because it was the first incarnation of the Golf/Polo concept, one that led to a hugely successful world car.
The Audi image at this time was a conservative one, and so, a proposal from chassis engineer
Jörg Bensinger[cite web
url = http://www.worldcarfans.com/news.cfm/newsID/2050225.007/country/gcf/audi/audi-quattro-the-early-years
title = Quattro, The early years
accessdate = 2006-11-02] was accepted to develop the
four-wheel drivetechnology in Volkswagen's Iltismilitary vehicle for an Audi performance car and rally racing car. The performance car, introduced in 1980, was named the " Audi Quattro," a turbocharged coupé which was also the first German large-scale production vehicle to feature permanent all-wheel drivethrough a center differential. Commonly referred to as the "Ur-Quattro" (the " Ur-" prefix is a German augmentativeused, in this case, to mean "original" and is also applied to the first generation of Audi's S4 and S6 sport sedans, as in "UrS4" and "UrS6"), few of these vehicles were produced (all hand-built by a single team), but the model was a great success in rallying. Prominent wins proved the viability of all-wheel drive racecars, and the Audi name became associated with advances in automotive technology.
In 1985, with the Auto Union and NSU brands effectively dead, the company's official name was now shortened to simply Audi AG.
In 1986, as the Passat-based
Audi 80was beginning to develop a kind of "grandfather's car" image, the "type 89" was introduced. This completely new development sold extremely well. However, its modern and dynamic exterior belied the low performance of its base engine, and its base package was quite spartan (even the passenger-side mirror was an option.) In 1987, Audi put forward a new and very elegant Audi 90, which had a much superior set of standard features. In the early 1990s, sales began to slump for the Audi 80 series, and some basic construction problems started to surface.
This decline in sales was not helped in the USA by a "
60 Minutes" report which purported to show that Audi automobiles suffered from "unintended acceleration". The "60 Minutes" report was based on customer reports of acceleration when the brake pedal was pushed. Independent investigators concluded that this was most likely due to a close placement of the accelerator and brake pedals (unlike American cars), and the inability, when not paying attention, to distinguish between the two. (In race cars, when manually downshifting under heavy braking, the accelerator has to be used in order to match revs properly, so both pedals have to be close to each other to be operated by the right foot at once, toes on the brake, heel on the accelerator; a driving technique called heel-and-toe). This did not become an issue in Europe, possibly due to more widespread experience among European drivers with manual transmissions.
"60 Minutes" allegedly ignored this fact, and some claim rigged a car to perform in an uncontrolled manner . The report immediately crushed Audi sales, and Audi renamed the affected model (The 5000 became the 100/200 in 1989, as it was elsewhere). Audi had contemplated withdrawing from the American market until sales began to recover in the mid-1990s. The turning point for Audi was the sale of the new A4 in 1996, and with the release of the A4/A6/A8 series, which was developed together with VW and other sister brands (so called "platforms").
In the early part of the 21st century, Audi set forth on a German racetrack to claim and maintain several World Records, such as Top Speed Endurance. This effort was in-line with the company's heritage from the 1930s racing era "
Currently, Audi's sales are growing strongly in Europe. 2004 marked the 11th straight increase in sales, selling 779,441 vehicles worldwide. Record figures were recorded from 21 out of about 50 major sales markets. The largest sales increases came from
Eastern Europe(+19.3%), Africa(+17.2%) and the Middle East(+58.5%) Fact|date=February 2007. In March of 2005, Audi is building its first two dealerships in Indiafollowing its high increase in sales in the region.
Their 2007 worldwide sales have been released as 964,151 vehicles sold, yet another record for the brand. It is predicted that in 2008, they will pass the 1 million unit mark.
Audi has recently started offering a computerised control system for its cars called
Multi Media Interface(MMI). This comes amid criticism of BMW's iDrivecontrol, essentially a rotating control knob designed to control radio, satellite navigation, TV, heating and car controls with a screen. MMI was widely reported to be a considerable improvement on BMW's iDrive, although BMW has since made their iDrive more user-friendly.
MMI has been generally well-received, as it requires less menu-surfing with its mass of buttons around a central knob, with shortcuts to the radio or phone functions. The screen, either colour or monochrome, is mounted on the upright dashboard, and on the A4 (new), A5, A6, A8, and Q7, the controls are mounted horizontally. However, an "MMI-like" system is also available on the
Audi A3and A4 models when equipped with the optional Audi Navigation System Plus (RNS-E).
Audi produces 100% galvanized cars to prevent
corrosion, and was the first mass-market vehicle to do so, following introduction of the process by Porsche, c.1978. Along with other precautionary measures, the thus achieved full-body zinccoating has proved to be very effective in preventing rust and corrosion perforation. The body's resulting durability even surpassed Audi's own expectations, causing the manufacturer to extend its original 10-year warrantyagainst corrosion perforation to currently 12 years.
aluminiumcar was brought forward by Audi, and in 1994 the Audi A8was launched, which introduced aluminum space frametechnology (called "Audi Space Frame"). Audi introduced a new series of vehicles in the mid-nineties and continues to pursue leading-edge technology and high performance. Prior to that effort, Audi used examples of the Type 44 chassis fabricated out of aluminum as test-beds for the technique. At one time, a copy of this body was fitted with a turbine engine, gaining a World record for mpg in a full-sized car, approximately 200mpg.
In all its post
Volkswagen-era models, Audi has firmly refused to adopt the traditional rear-wheel drivelayout favoured by its two arch rivals Mercedes-Benzand BMW, favouring either front-wheel driveor four-wheel drive. To achieve this, Audi has usually engineered its cars with a longitudinally front mounted engine, in an "overhung" position, over the front wheelsndash in front of the axle line. While this allows for equal length driveshafts (therefore combatting torque steer), and the easy adoption of four-wheel drive, it goes against the ideal 50:50 weight distribution (as do all front wheel drive cars). For this reason, most still believe that BMW has the edge over Audi in terms of dynamic prowess, although this is addressed with the launch A5 coupe in 2007, and the B8 A4 range, which will feature the engine mounted behind the front wheels.
In the 1970s, two vehicle manufacturers Audi and
Subarudesigned their own four-wheel drive(4WD) systems in passenger vehicles. In the 1980s, 4WD systems in cars became a fad, and other German manufacturers like Porsche, BMWand Mercedes-Benzoffered 4WD systems in their cars to compete in the marketplace, along with GM, Ford, Toyotaand others. The 4WD system in the Mercedes-Benz vehicles were riddled with problems right from the design sheet. The system also was not popular in Porsche vehicles because owners wanted the traditional performance of the rear-wheel drivethey were used to in older Porsches. Although Porsche and Mercedes-Benz offer 4WD systems in some cars and trucks today, neither manufacturer is as well-known for 4WD technology as is Audi. Audi has recently applied the "quattro" badge to models such as the A3 and TT which do not actually use the Torsen-based system as in prior years, with a mechanical centre differential, but with the Swedish Haldex Tractionelectro-mechanical clutch 4WD system.
In the 1980s, Audi was the champion of the inline 5 cylinder, 2.1/2.2 L engine as a longer lasting alternative to more traditional 6 cylinder engines. This engine was used not only in production cars but also in their race cars. The 2.1 L inline 5 cylinder engine was used as a base for the rally cars in the 1980s, providing well over 400
horsepower(298 kW) after modification. Before 1990, there were engines produced with a displacement between 2.0 L and 2.3 L. This range of engine capacity was a good combination of good fuel economy (which was on the mind of every motorist in the 1980s) and, of course, a good amount of power.
Through the early 1990s, Audi began to move more towards the position of being a real competitor in its target market against global luxury leaders Mercedes-Benz and BMW. This began with the release of the
Audi V8in 1990. It was essentially a new engine fitted to the Audi 100/200, but with noticeable bodywork differences. Most obvious was the new grille that was now incorporated in the bonnet.
By 1991, Audi had the 4 cylinder
Audi 80, the 5 cylinder Audi 90 and Audi 100, the turbocharged Audi 200 and the Audi V8. There was also a coupe version of the 80/90 with both 4 and 5 cylinder engines.
Although the five cylinder engine was a successful and very robust powerplant, it was still a little too different for the target market. With the introduction of an all-new Audi 100 in 1992, Audi introduced a 2.8L
V6 engine. This engine was also fitted to a face-lifted Audi 80 (all 80 and 90 models were now badged 80 except for the USA), giving this model a choice of 4, 5 and 6 cylinder engines, in saloon/sedan, coupéand Cabriolet body styles.
The 5 cylinder was soon dropped as a major engine choice; however, a turbocharged 230 hp (169 kW) version remained. The engine, initially fitted to the 200 quattro 20V of 1991, was a derivative of the engine fitted to the Sport Quattro. It was fitted to the
Audi Coupé, and named the S2 and also to the Audi 100 body, and named the S4. These two models were the beginning of the mass-produced S series of performance cars.
Audi Space Frame
Audi A8replaced the V8 in 1994, with a revolutionary aluminium space frame, known as the "Audi Space Frame" (ASF), to save weight. The weight reduction was offset by the quattro four-wheel drivesystem. It meant the car had similar performance to its rivals, but superior roadholding.
The next major model change was in 1995 when the
Audi A4replaced the Audi 80. The new nomenclature scheme was applied to the Audi 100 to become the Audi A6(with a minor facelift). This also meant the S4 became the S6 and a new S4 was introduced in the A4 body. The S2 was discontinued. The Audi Cabrioletcontinued on (based on the Audi 80 platform) until 1999, gaining the engine upgrades along the way. A new A3 hatchbackmodel (sharing the Volkswagen Golf Mk4's platform) was introduced to the range in 1996, and the radical Audi TT coupéand roadsterwere debuted in 1998 based on the same underpinnings. Another interesting model introduced was the Mercedes-Benz A-Classcompetitor, the Audi A2. The model sold relatively well in Europe, however, the A2 was discontinued in 2005 and Audi decided not to develop an immediate replacement.
The engines available throughout the range were now a 1.4L, 1.6L and 1.8L 4 cylinder, 1.8L 4-cylinder turbo, 2.6L and 2.8L V6, 2.2L turbo-charged 5 cylinder and the 4.2L
V8 engine. The V6s were replaced by new 2.4L and 2.8L 30V V6s in 1998, with marked improvement in power, torque and smoothness. Further engines were added along the way, including a 3.7L V8 and 6.0L W12 enginefor the A8.
At the turn of the century, Audi introduced the
Direct-Shift Gearbox, or DSG, an automated manual transmission, drivable like a conventional automatic transmission. Based on the gearbox found in the Group B S1, the system includes dual electrohydraulically controlled clutches instead of a torque converter. This is implemented in some VW Golfs, Audi A3and TT models. The engine range was continually upgraded, with a 2.7L twin-turbo V6 being offered in the Audi S4, A6 and allroad quattro, while the 2.8L V6 was replaced by a 3.0L unit.
In 2001, Audi released a high performance version of the A8, dubbed
Audi S8. It featured a Convert|360|hp|kW|0|abbr=on 4.2L V8 with 317 Nm of torque.
New models of the A3, A4, A6 and A8 have been introduced, with the aging 1.8 litre engine now having been replaced by new Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI) engines. Nearly every
petrol engined model in the range now incorporates this fuel-saving technology, including the following:
*1.6 litre 4 cylinder Auto bhp|115|0
*2.0 litre 4 cylinder 150 bhp (Slowly being phased out in order to make way for TSI enginesndash see section below)
*2.0 litre 4 cylinder Auto bhp|200|-1
*3.0 litre 4 cylinder Auto bhp|220|0
*3.2 litre V6 250-260 bhp
*4.2 litre V8 Auto bhp|350|0
*4.2 litre V8 Auto bhp|414|0
*5.0 litre biturbo V10 Auto bhp|573|0
*5.2 litre V10 Auto bhp|450|0.
Other engines on sale and featuring in products of the Audi brand include:
*1.6 litre 4 cylinder Auto bhp|102|0
*1.9 litre TDI Auto bhp|105|0
*2.0 litre TDI Auto bhp|140|0
*2.0 litre TDI Auto bhp|170|0
*2.7 litre TDI Auto bhp|180|0
*3.0 litre TDI Auto bhp|233|0
*4.2 litre TDI Auto bhp|326|0
All TDI models are diesels.
As a premium member of the
Volkswagen Group, technologies are frequently first introduced to the mass market in Audi vehicles, before being 'trickled down' to more value oriented brands such as Volkswagen, SEATand Škoda. Recent examples of this include a number of the FSI engines mentioned above, as well as the quick-shifting DSG dual-clutch gearbox option.
Twincharger(TSI) technology was introduced to the Volkswagen Golf Mk5early in 2006. These engines use, initially at least, a capacity of 1.4 litres combined with both a turbochargerand superchargerto produce a high power output, with lower levels of carbon dioxideemissions, and improved fuel economy, when compared with a non-turbo or non-super-charged engine of a high capacity, such as 2.0 litres. The 1.4 litre TSI engine currently on sale in VW's Golf produces outputs of 140 and Auto bhp|170|0. These engines have proved popular amongst the motoring press and public in the United Kingdom, and could soon be filtered into the Audi range, with a possibility of featuring in the A3 and A4 models, as well as maybe featuring in SEATand Škoda's model ranges sometime soon.
Hybrid and electric technology
Audi is planning an alliance with the Japanese electronic giant
Sanyoto develop a pilot hybrid project for the Volkswagen Group. The alliance could result in Sanyo batteries and other electronic components being used in future models of the Volkswagen group. [http://www6.lexisnexis.com/publisher/EndUser?Action=UserDisplayFullDocument&orgId=101846&topicId=103840033&docId=l:788745336]
LED Daytime Running Lights
Since the end of 2006 Audi has started using the latest LED Headlight technology as their new trademark for their new models. The style was first introduced in the R8, and is now being orientated to suit the whole Audi model range. The models that Audi presently manufactures that include the new Daytime Runng Lights are:
2008 facelifted A3/S3
2nd generation TT/TT-S from 2006
2008 Audi Q7
2008 Audi Q5
2008 facelifted Audi A6/S6
Audi RS4 (2009)
Audi has competed in numerous forms of motorsports. Audi's rich tradition in motorsport began with their former company
Auto Unionin the 1930s. In the 1990s, Audi dominated the Touring and Super Touring categories of motor racing after success in circuit racing in North America.
In 1980, Audi released the Quattro, a
four-wheel driveturbocharged car that went on to win rallies and races worldwide. It is considered one of the most significant rally cars of all time because it was one of the first to take advantage of the then-recently changed rules which allowed the use of four-wheel drive in competition racing. Many critics doubted the viability of four-wheel drive racers, thinking them to be too heavy and complex, yet the Quattro was to become a successful car. Leading its first rally it went off the road, however the rally world had been served notice 4WD was the future. The Quattro went on to achieve much success in the World Rally Championship. It won the 1983 ( Hannu Mikkola) and the 1984 ( Stig Blomqvist) drivers' titles, [cite web | title=World Rally Championship for Drivers - Champions | work=RallyBase | url=http://www.rallybase.nl/index.php?type=championlist&subchamptype=wcd | accessdate=2008-08-30] and brought Audi the manufacturers' title in 1982 and 1984. [cite web | title=World Rally Championship for Manufacturers - Champions | work=RallyBase | url=http://www.rallybase.nl/index.php?type=championlist&subchamptype=wrc | accessdate=2008-08-30]
In 1984, Audi launched the short-wheelbase Sport Quattro which dominated races in Monte Carlo and Sweden, with Audi taking all podium places, but succumbed to problems further into WRC contention. In 1985, after another season mired in mediocre finishes,
Walter Röhrlfinished the season in his Sport Quattro S1, and helped place Audi second in the manufacturers' points. Audi also received rally honors in the Hong Kongto Beijingrally in that same year. Michèle Mouton, the first and only female driver to win a round of the World Rally Championship and a driver for Audi, took the Sport Quattro S1, now simply called the "S1", and raced in the Pikes Peak International Hill Climb. The climb race pits a driver and car to drive up a 4,302 meter high mountain in Coloradoand in 1985, Michèle Mouton set a new record of 11:25.39, and being the first woman to set a Pikes Peak record. In 1986, Audi formally left international rally racing following an accident in Portugal involving driver Joaquim Santosin his Ford RS200. Santos swerved to avoid hitting spectators in the road, and left the track into the crowd of spectators on the side, killing three and injuring 30. Bobby Unserused an Audi in that same year to claim a new record for the Pikes Peak Hill Climb at 11:09.22.
Motorsports in the USA
In 1987, Walter Röhrl claimed the title for Audi setting a new
Pikes Peak International Hill Climbrecord of 10:47.85 in his Audi S1 which he retired from the WRC two years earlier. The Audi S1 employed Audi's time-tested 5-cylinder turbo charged engine and generated over 600 hp (447 kW). The engine was mated to a 6-speed gearbox and ran on Audi's famous all-wheel drive system. All of Audi's top drivers drove this beast, Hannu Mikkola, Stig Blomqvist, Walter Röhrl and the female driver, Michèle Mouton. The Audi S1 enjoys a 0-60 mph (0-100 km/h) time of 2.3 s. This Audi S1 started the S-series of cars for Audi which now represents an increased level of sports options and quality in the Audi line-up.
As Audi moved away from rallying and into circuit racing, they chose to move first into America with the Trans-Am in 1988.
In 1990, having completed their objective to market cars in the
United States, Audi returned to Europe, turning first to the Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft(DTM) series with the Audi V8, then in 1993, being unwilling to build cars for the new formula, they turned their attention to the fast growing Supertouringseries, which took place nationally, first in the French Supertourismeand Italian Superturismo. In the following year, Audi would switch to the German Super Tourenwagen(known as STW) and then to British Touring Car Championship(BTCC) the year after that.
Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile(FIA), having difficulty regulating the quattro four wheel drive system, and the impact it had on the competitors, would eventually ban all four wheel drive cars from competing in 1998, by then Audi switched all their works efforts to sports car racing.
By 2000, Audi would still compete in the US with their RS4 for the SCCA Speed World GT Challenge, through dealer/team
Champion Racingcompeting against Corvettes, Vipers, and smaller BMWs (where it is one of the few series to permit 4WD cars). In 2003, Champion Racing entered an RS6. Once again, the quattro four wheel drive was superior and Champion Audi won the championship. They returned in 2004 to defend their title but a newcomer, Cadillac with the new Omega Chassis CTS-V, gave them a run for their money. After four victories in a row, the Audis were sanctioned with several negative changes that deeply affected the car's performance. Namely, added ballasts and Champion Audi deciding to go with different tires and backing off the turbos boost pressure.
In 2004, after years of competing with the TT-R in the revitalized DTM series, with privateer team Abt Racing/
Christian Abttaking the 2002 title with Laurent Aïello, Audi returned as a full factory effort to touring car racing by entering two factory supported Joest Racing Audi A4s.
ports Car racing
Beginning in 1999, Audi built the
Audi R8R(open-top prototype) and the Audi R8C(GT-Prototype) to compete in sports car racing, including the Le Mans PrototypeLMP900 class at the 24 Hours of Le Mans. For the 2000 season, Audi focussed mainly on the new Audi R8, due to favorable rules for open-top prototypes. The factory-supported Joest Racingteam won at Le Mans three times in a row with the Audi R8 (2000 — 2002), as well as winning every race in the American Le Mans Seriesin its first year. Audi also sold the car to customer teams such as Champion Racing.
In 2003, two
Bentley Speed 8s, with engines designed by Audi, and driven by Joest drivers "loaned" to the fellow Volkswagen Groupcompany, competed in the GTP class, and finished the race in the top two positions, while the Champion Racing R8 finished third overall and first in the LMP900 class. Audi returned to the winner's circle at the 2004 race, with the top three finishers all driving R8s: Audi Sport Japan Team Goh finished first, Audi Sport UK Veloqx second, and Champion Racing third.
2005 24 Hours of Le Mans, Champion Racing entered two R8s along with an R8 from the Audi PlayStation Team Oreca. The R8s (which were built to old LMP900 regulations) received a narrower air inlet restrictor, reducing power, and an additional convert|50|kg|0|abbr=on of weight compared to the newer LMP1 chassis. On average, the R8s were about 2-3 seconds off pace compared to the Pescarolo-Judd. But with a team of excellent drivers and experience, both Champion R8s were able to take first and third while the ORECA team took fourth. The Champion team was also the first American team to win Le Mans since the Gulf Ford GT's in 1967. This also ends the long era of the R8; however, its replacement for 2006, called the Audi R10 TDI, was unveiled on 13 December 2005.
The R10 TDI employs many new features, including a
twin-turbocharged diesel engine. Its first race was the 2006 12 Hours of Sebringas a race-test for the 2006 24 Hours of Le Mans, which it later went on to win. Audi has been on the forefront of motorsports, claiming a historic win in the first ever diesel sports car at 12 Hours of Sebring. Audi has achieved the title as the most dominant motor sport power since the start of the 21st century, continuing its long and storied motor sport heritage. As well as winning the 24 Hours of Le Mansin 2006 making history, the R10 TDI has also shown its capabilities by beating the Peugeot 908HDi FAP in 2007, and beating Peugeot again in 2008.
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* [http://www.audi.com Audi.com] global corporate portal
* [http://www.audi.co.uk Audi.co.uk] UK corporate portal
* [http://www.audi.com/audi/com/en2/tools/glossary.html Audi glossary]
* [http://www.audi.com/audi/com/en2/experience/motorsport_events.html Audi in motorsport]
* [http://www.autounion1939.com/audi/ Audi (Auto Union) Sales Brochure 1939]
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