- Harris Scarfe
name = Harris Scarfe
type = Department Store
Harris Scarfe Department Stores was founded in
South Australiain 1850 in Adelaide, South Australia. At its peak, Adelaidewas home to several major South Australian department stores (including Harris Scarfe, John Martins, Peoplestores, Miller Anderson, Cravens, Cox Foys(which Harris Scarfe acquired and closed in 1977), Birks and Moores), of which Harris Scarfe is the sole survivor. Adelaide is now the only Australian capital city with three major department stores in the main shopping strip (the other two stores being David Jones and Myer). In New South Wales and the ACT, the stores operate under the Allens brand
Today Harris Scarfe has two formats, one for its flagship multi-storey Rundle Mall store, and another for its smaller stores found elsewhere. These smaller stores sell a range of items, similar to
discount department stores such as K-Martand Big Wand to a more so extent Target, though the range is limited by the relatively small amount of floorspace.
Establishment of the business
Harris Scarfe traces its history to 1850, when the founding partners in the business arrived in
Adelaide South Australiato establish a hardware and ironmongery business.An additional partner, Richard Smith, joined the business in 1861.Harris Scarfe grew to become a major supplier of a broad range of household, agricultural and industrial items.
Besides conducting its retailing business from its Adelaide premises, Harris Scarfe manufactured leather goods, including saddlery and luggage.It also had a wholesaling operation, with a team of commercial travellers who visited country regions throughout South Australia. This business was supported with a promotional product catalogue, which became well known in country areas.During
World War II, when the Australian Governmentenforced price controls, it used the Harris Scarfe catalogue as the price guide.
After World War II, Harris Scarfe's prosperity grew with South Australia, as it supplied building materials during the postwar building boom.
IMFC takes over Harris Scarfe Limited
In 1971, Baradeen Quest Pty Limited, a subsidiary of Investment and Merchant Finance Corporation Limited ("IMFC") made a successful takeover bid for Harris Scarfe Limited, which at the time was a company listed on the
Adelaide Stock Exchange. The Rundle Street (now Rundle Mall) store continued trading, with expansion of its frontage to establish a new womenswear department.
The Trescowthick era
Charles Davis Limited, a listed Tasmanian company controlled by Sir Donald Trescowthick, acquired control of Harris Scarfe in 1976, when Charles Davis took over IMFC.Sir Donald wished to acquire Harris Scarfe, and his research indicated that the cheapest way of doing so was to take over its parent company.The Trescowthick era started with growth and ended with collapse in 2001.
Sir Donald focussed Harris Scarfe's activities on its retailing business, and disposed of all of its other activities. The Rundle Mall store continued to develop as a full line department store, while the industrial products outlet at
Mile Endevolved to become Harry's, a large hardware retailing business. The success of Harry's led Harris Scarfe's parent company, Charles Davis Limited, to acquire other hardware retailers, including Lloyd's in South Australia, Campbell'sin Queensland, and McEwansin Victoria and New South Wales.
In 1989, these hardware businesses were sold in a management buyout.The Rundle Mall department store continued to prosper, offering a broad range of items at "value for money" pricing, with aggressive advertising.Sales were facilitated by a range of purchase options, including an inhouse credit card and lay-by.Harris Scarfe's business was heavily promoted, with press and television advertising, and colourful advertising catalogues. These catalogues were broadly distributed in the
Sunday Mailnewspaper.As a result, Harris Scarfe built a large phone and mail order business, supported by the advertising catalogues.
In 1994, Harris Scarfe opened its first store in suburban Adelaide, at
Parabanksin Salisbury. Following this successful store opening (in a former Venture store), Harris Scarfe acquired more sites in South Australia, as well as expanding its activities to other States.
During 1995, Harris Scarfe assumed control of the
FitzGerald's Department Storesdepartment store chain, which previously was operated as a separate subsidiary of Charles Davis Limited (since it was acquired in 1986). Also in 1995, Charles Davis Limited changed its name to Harris Scarfe Holdings Limited, and it then focussed on its department store activities- disposing of all of its other businesses and investments.Harris Scarfe continued to grow, becoming Australia's third largest department store retailer, with 38 stores, and trading in all States of Australia.
In 2000, Harris Scarfe established an online retailing subsidiary, leveraging on the existing successful mail and phone order business. As part of this expansion strategy, it acquired
dStore, an online retailer which had experienced financial problems.The year 2000 was difficult for all retailers, as the Australian Governmentintroduced a new retail turnover tax ( GST). Many retailers suffered a reduction in sales and profits, after prices increased due to this new tax. Like many other retailers, Harris Scarfe felt the pressure of this trading challenge.
In the 1990’s Harris Scarfe began an era of unprecedented growth, both within South Australia and interstate. It expanded from its single large store in Rundle Mall into a smaller format for suburban and regional shopping centres (several of these stores were formerly occupied by the defunct Venture chain), as well as acquiring full line department store sites from other retailers (including David Jones (Cairns, Townsville and Macarthur Square), John Martins (Elizabeth and Arndale), Myer (Colonnades) and Stirlings (Albany, Bunbury and Geraldton)).This growth began from the company's base in South Australia, and was aided by the demise of the Venture chain of stores previously found throughout the country. At Harris Scarfe’s peak, the company operated 38 stores in all Australian States.
The company continued its aggressive expansion interstate, opening stores in
New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania, Victoria (Australia)and Western Australia. The company acquired a large amount of its retail space (and its largest stores) as a result of Australia’s two largest department store chains Myerand David Jonesrationalising their chains. The company’s expansion into Tasmania was accelerated by the merger with the Tasmanian department store chain FitzGeralds (better known to locals as "Fitzys") in 1995.Hence, Harris Scarfe played a key role in the rationalisation of Australian retailing in the 1990s.
In 2001 Harris Scarfe suppliers and customers, and even a large amount of the company’s staff were shocked when the thriving business was suddenly faced with cash-flow problems. The company made headlines in South Australia when concerned suppliers, from whom Harris Scarfe had purchased large amounts of stock on credit, entered the flagship store in Rundle Mall, and began retrieving their stock directly from the shelves, before shocked staff and customers.
The company soon entered voluntary receivership, and its shares were withdrawn from the
Australian Stock Exchange. Examination of the company’s books revealed that assets had been re-valued well above market value in an effort to conceal its spiralling losses. This practice had left the company with multimillion-dollar debts.
Harris Scarfe was sold to a private consortium, with the shareholders receiving little or no proceeds of the sale. The consortium set out to firstly stabilise the business, with possible expansion and a refloat on Australian Stock Exchange in the future.
The consortium began a store rationalisation program as a measure to help restore profits. In the days after the purchase all stores in Queensland and New South Wales, where Harris Scarfe was under represented, were closed. In its home state of South Australia two suburban stores were closed,
Munno Parain the north, and Woodcroftin the south. The same occurred in Victoria and Tasmania, with a limited number of unprofitable store closures. In the final stage of rationalisation it was decided the business would also withdraw from the Western Australian market.
The company then started a revitalisation program. The remaining stores were remodelled with new stock, new layouts and a new company logo. This was then followed by an extensive advertising campaign. As a result Harris Scarfe soon began to enjoy record sales.
In 2002 Harris Scarfe opened its first new store after the revitalisation at Werribee in Victoria. This was seen as a major step forward for the new company and resulted with much success in the growing Werribee area. This store was divested to
Myerin 2007, as part of a deal where by Myer have acquired a minority shareholding in Harris Scarfe.
In 2004, the Allens department store chain in New South Wales and the ACT was taken over by Harris Scarfe from the Allen family.
In 2006, Harris Scarfe reopened their completely refurbished store at Colonnades SA, as part of the centres refurbishment. The store reopened with a reduction in floor-space, occupying only the ground floor of its original 3-floor store. The upper levels are planned to house a new Best and Less, JB Hi-Fi, and Cheap as Chips discount store. Then sold to myer in 2007, with the Elizabeth store
In 2007, Harris Scarfe will open a new store in Sunbury, Victoria and opened a new store in Warrnambool Victoria's homemaker centre. With the closure of the Forest Hill store, Harris Scarfe Opened up two new stores at Eastland Shopping Centre and one at Box Hill
On the 17 of September 2008 Harris Scarfe opened its brand new store at Tea Tree Plaza. This store is aimed to start a new era and new attitude to Harris Scarfe. The aim of this store for Harris Scarfe is to have two specialised stores under one roof, both homewares and fashion. Unfortunately this approach has still not changed the level of acceptance of Harris Scarfe, as they are still considered as a Target and Kmart and not a Myer or David Jones of the retail world.
On the 2nd of October 2008, Harris Scarfe will rebrand it's Allens stores across NSW and ACT as Harris Scarfe going forward.
All stores, particularly the smaller format stores, carry the following departments:
*Personal Care & Laundry Electrical
*Travel and Outdoor
*Entertainment & Communications
The larger stores, particularly the flagship city stores in Adelaide and Hobart which have a wider range of items, also carry the following departments:
Like other department stores,
Harris Scarfealso has its own concession departments.
Harris Scarfe currently has 25 stores across four states: South Australia, Victoria, Tasmania and New South Wales. It also operates another 12 stores across New South Wales and the ACT under the Allens brand (not listed here).
Rundle Mall, Adelaide5 floors "flagship "Adelaide City" store of the chain/flagship store for South Australia"
Centro Arndale, Kilkenny 12,023 m²
Westfield Marion, Oaklands Park
Stockland Parabanks, Salisbury
Tea Tree Plaza, Modbury
Westfield West Lakes, West Lakes
Flinders Shopping Centre, Whyalla
Westfield Airport West, Airport West
Centro Cranbourne, Cranbourne Park
Epping Plaza, Epping
Highpoint Shopping Centre, Maribyrnong
Centrefair (Harris Scarfe Plaza), Shepparton
*Warrnambool (Homemaker Centre)
Westfield Southland, Cheltenham
*Point Cook Town Centre,
Point Cookcoming soon
*University Hill (factory outlet),
Centro Box Hill, Box HillOpened 1st November 2007 And now the Flagship Store of the Victorian Branch.
*Sunbury Town Centre
New South Wales
Stockland Shellharbour(first store in New South Wales)
Westfield Chermside"Opening August 2008"
Centro Colonnades, Noarlunga Centre SA 1 floor (previously 3 floors) "Taken over/re-acquired by Myerin July 2007" Was 4,510 m²
Elizabeth Shopping Centre, Elizabeth SA 2 floors "Taken over by Myerin July 2007" Was 9,208 m²
*Munno Para SA, closed 2001
*Woodcroft SA, closed 2001
Eastlands Shopping CentreTAS, Closed 2002
Forest Hill Chase, Forest Hill VIC 1 floor "Taken over by Myerin July 2007" Was 4,551 m²
Werribee Plaza, Werribee VIC 1 floor "Taken over by Myerin July 2007" Was 5,000 m2, previously the flagship store for the Victorian branch of the chain
*Cairns, QLD, closed 2001
*Townsville, Qld, closed 2001
On March 16 2007 Momentum Private Equity took a controlling interest in Harris Scarfe in a deal worth $80 million.Harris Scarfe chief executive Robert Atkins said the buyout involved retailer
Myertaking a 20 per cent stake in the business while the current Harris Scarfe management team would retain a 15 per cent interest.
Four Harris Scarfe stores also would be re-branded as Myer outlets: two in Adelaide (Colonnades and Elizabeth) and two in Victoria (Werribee and Forest Hill) [ [http://www.smh.com.au/news/Business/Myer-buys-four-stores-in-SA-Vic/2007/03/16/1173722719424.html Myer buys four stores in SA, Vic - Breaking News - Business - Breaking News ] ] . That would leave Harris Scarfe with 35 outlets in South Australia, NSW, Victoria, the ACT and Tasmania. The stores in NSW and ACT currently operate under the Allens brand. Mr Atkins said Momentum's investment would allow Harris Scarfe to retire about $30 million of debt, fuel profit growth and expand its network of stores.It planned to open 15 new stores over the next 3 years including its first three outlets in Sydney.The deal also would allow Harris Scarfe to move towards a share market listing in about three years, Mr Atkins said.
"Together with an active store roll-out plan, we envisage strong top-line sales growth and even faster profit growth in the years ahead," he said. "These are exciting times for Harris Scarfe. "This transaction better positions Harris Scarfe to further develop the business for the benefit of our customers, employees and shareholders."
Long term Harris Scarfe employee Lionel Penley wrote the history of Harris Scarfe, which the company published in 1991. This book tells the story of the growth of the business, and its close links to the development of South Australia's economy.
Charles Davis Limited
FitzGerald's Department Stores
* Harris Scarfe Holdings Limited 2000 Annual Report
* History of Harris Scarfe 1850-1991. Lionel Penley. Harris Scarfe Limited
* [http://www.harrisscarfe.com.au Harris Scarfe]
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