(a-circumflex) is a letter of the Romanian and Vietnamese alphabets. This letter also appears in Croatian, French, Portuguese, Serbian, Frisian, Welsh Language, Friulian, Turkish and Walon language as a variant of the letter “a”.

Usage in various languages

Croatian and Serbian

<â> is not a letter in the Croatian and Serbian, but simply with the circumflex. It appears only in a few words, and denotes the sound IPA|/aː/ (ordinary denotes IPA|/a/). Â is used in distinguishing words such as in the sentence "Ja sam sâm." ( _en. I am alone.). Its sort order is obscure, since no Croatian or Serbian word uses it as the first letter and it merely serves to distinguish some verbs, adjectives, and adverbs.


 is the 3rd letter of the Romanian alphabet and represents IPA|/ɨ/. This sound is also represented in Romanian as letter î.


 is the 3rd letter of the Vietnamese alphabet and represents IPA|/ɜ/. In Vietnamese phonology, diacritics can be added to form the following five forms to represent five tones of â.
*Unicode|Ầ ầ
*Unicode|Ẩ ẩ
*Unicode|Ẫ ẫ
*Unicode|Ấ ấ
*Unicode|Ậ ậ


 letter, is used to soften the letter "A". Especially, in "Âdet" ("Tradition") "Kâğıt" ("Paper"). But it's not useful today's Turkish daily life. Because of using A letter instead of Â.


 is used in the system of Ukrainian transliteration as the letter Я.


 is used for indicating stressed syllables. Its value is IPA|/ɐ/ (in Brazilian Portuguese IPA|/ɐ͂/ when it is before nasal consonants).


 is used to represent the /ɑː/ sound.

Character mappings

ee also


External links

* [http://www.omniglot.com/ Omniglot - writing systems & languages of the world]
** [http://www.omniglot.com/writing/romanian.htm Romanian language]
** [http://www.omniglot.com/writing/vietnamese.htm Vietnamese language]

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  • A — ([.a] emph. [=a]). 1. [Shortened form of an. AS. [=a]n one. See {One}.] An adjective, commonly called the indefinite article, and signifying one or any, but less emphatically. At a birth ; In a word ; At a blow . Shak. Note: It is placed before… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ä — or ä , is a character which represents either a letter from several extended Latin alphabets, or the letter A with umlaut or diaeresis. As an independent letter The letter Ä occurs in the Swedish, Finnish, Estonian, and Slovak alphabets, where i …   Wikipedia

  • A — (named [=a] in the English, and most commonly [ a] in other languages). The first letter of the English and of many other alphabets. The capital A of the alphabets of Middle and Western Europe, as also the small letter (a), besides the forms in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • A — ([.a]), prep. [Abbreviated form of an (AS. on). See {On}.] 1. In; on; at; by. [Obs.] A God s name. Torn a pieces. Stand a tiptoe. A Sundays Shak. Wit that men have now a days. Chaucer. Set them a work. Robynson (More s Utopia). [1913 Webster] 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • A++ — stands for abstraction plus reference plus synthesis which is used as a name for the minimalistic programming language that is built on ARS.ARS is an abstraction from the Lambda Calculus , taking its three basicoperations, and giving them a more… …   Wikipedia

  • Á — (a acute) is a letter of the Czech, Faroese, Hungarian, Icelandic, and Slovak languages. This letter also appears in Irish, Occitan, Portuguese, Spanish, and Vietnamese as a variant of the letter “a”.Usage in various languagesChineseIn Chinese… …   Wikipedia

  • Ã — Ã/ã (a tilde) is a letter used in some languages, generally considered a variant of the letter A.In Portuguese, Ã/ã represents a nasal central unrounded vowel, normally transcribed in IPA as IPA|/ɐ̃/ (its exact height varies from open to mid… …   Wikipedia

  • A- — A, as a prefix to English words, is derived from various sources. (1) It frequently signifies on or in (from an, a forms of AS. on), denoting a state, as in afoot, on foot, abed, amiss, asleep, aground, aloft, away (AS. onweg), and analogically,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • A — [From AS. of off, from. See {Of}.] Of. [Obs.] The name of John a Gaunt. What time a day is it ? Shak. It s six a clock. B. Jonson. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • A — A barbarous corruption of have, of he, and sometimes of it and of they. So would I a done A brushes his hat. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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