Apollinarism

Apollinarism or Apollinarianism was a view proposed by Apollinaris of Laodicea (died 390) that Jesus had a human body and lower soul (the seat of the emotions) but a divine mind. Apollinaris further taught that the souls of men were propagated by other souls, as well as their bodies. The Trinity had been recognized at the Council of Nicea in 325, but debate about exactly what it meant continued. A rival to the more common belief that Jesus Christ had two natures was monophysitism ("one nature"), the doctrine that Christ had only one nature. Apollinarism and Eutychianism were two forms of monophysitism.

Theodoret charged Apollinaris with confounding the persons of the Godhead, and with giving into the heretical ways of Sabellius. Basil accused him of abandoning the literal sense of the scripture, and taking up wholly with the allegorical sense. His views were condemned in a Synod at Alexandria, under Athanasius of Alexandria, in 362, and later subdivided into several different heresies, the main ones of which were the Polemians and the Antidicomarianites.

It was declared to be a heresy in 381 by the First Council of Constantinople, since Christ was officially depicted as fully human and fully God. Followers of Apollinarianism were accused of attempting to create a tertium quid ("third thing," neither God nor man).

References

*1728 [http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/HistSciTech/HistSciTech-idx?type=turn&entity=HistSciTech000900240157&isize=L]
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01615b.htm Catholic Encyclopedia entry]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • First Council of Constantinople — For the church council of Constantinople in 359, see First Council of Constantinople (360). 9th century Byzantine manuscript illumination of I Constantinople Homilies of Gregory Nazianzus, 879 882 …   Wikipedia

  • 381 — yearbox in?= cp=3rd century c=4th century cf=5th century yp1=378 yp2=379 yp3=380 year=381 ya1=382 ya2=383 ya3=384 dp3=350s dp2=360s dp1=370s d=380s dn1=390s dn2=400s dn3=410s NOTOC EventsBy PlaceRoman Empire* A deputation from the Roman Senate… …   Wikipedia

  • Theodoret — (c. 393 ndash; c. 457) was an influential author, theologian, and Christian bishop of Cyrrhus, Syria (423 457). He played a pivotal role in many early Byzantine church controversies that led to various ecumenical acts and schisms.LifeAccording to …   Wikipedia

  • 383 — yearbox in?= cp=3rd century c=4th century cf=5th century yp1=380 yp2=381 yp3=382 year=383 ya1=384 ya2=385 ya3=386 dp3=350s dp2=360s dp1=370s d=380s dn1=390s dn2=400s dn3=410s NOTOC EventsBy PlaceThe British Isles*Niall of the Nine Hostages… …   Wikipedia

  • Monophysitism — Part of a series on Eastern Christianity …   Wikipedia

  • Logos — and argued for the divinity of Christ by saying: (T)here is ... another God and Lord subject to the Maker of all things; who is also called an Angel , because He announces to men whatsoever the Maker of all things above whom there is no other God …   Wikipedia

  • List of belief systems — Below are words that designate a set or subset of beliefs. This includes dispositional beliefs.Many, but not all, of these words end with the suffix –ism . Words like magnetism , prism , and schism , are not included, because they do not… …   Wikipedia

  • First seven Ecumenical Councils — In Christianity, the first seven Ecumenical Councils, from the First Council of Nicaea (325) to the Second Council of Nicaea (787), represent an attempt to reach an orthodox consensus. The East West Schism, formally dated to 1054, was still… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander of Hierapolis — Alexander (Gr. polytonic|Ἀλέξανδρος) of Hierapolis was the name of two different bishops of that city:cite encyclopedia | last = Christie | first = Albany James | authorlink = | title = Alexander | editor = William Smith | encyclopedia =… …   Wikipedia

  • Apollinaris von Laodicea — der Jüngere (auch Apollinar oder Apollinarios genannt; * um 315 in Laodicea; † um 390 in Antiochien) war Bischof von Laodicea (Latakia) in Syrien und der Begründer des Apollinarismus. Er war Lektor in der Kirche von Laodicea als er um 361 von der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”