- Alternative hip hop
Alternative hip hop (also known as alternative rap) is a genre that is defined in greatly varying ways.
Allmusicdefines it as follows:
Alternative Rap refers to Hip-Hop groups that refuse to conform to any of the traditional stereotypes of rap, such as gangsta, bass, hardcore, and party rap. Instead, they blur genres - drawing from funk and
pop/rock, as well as jazz, soul and reggae. [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=77:2899 allmusic: alternative rap] ]
Stephen Rodrickcite book|author=Rodrick, Stephen|date=1995|chapter=Hip-Hop Flop: The Failure of Liberal Rap|title=Rap on R
] cites Arrested Development,
Basehead, and The Disposable Heroes of Hiphoprisyas examples of such "alternative" hip-hop. Since the mid 90's labels such as Rawkus Recordsand others had mainstream success with alternative rap acts such as Devin the Dude Gang Starr, Jurassic 5, Brand Nubian, Black Star, Mos Def, Common, Fort Minor, Kanye West, Lupe Fiasco, Nas, The Roots, Cee-Lo Green, OutKast, De La Soul, Consequence, Talib Kweli, M.I.A., Kidz in the Hall, Danny!, The Cool Kids, Pharcyde, J Dilla, Pete Rock, Dead Prez, Funkdoobiest, Immortal Technique, Skee-Lo, Nappy Roots, Pharoahe Monch& K-os.
Rodrick writes that alternative hip-hop has "drawn little more than barely concealed yawns from other rappers and urban audiences". Heywood and Drake [cite book|title=Third Wave Agenda: Being Feminist, Doing Feminism|author=Leslie Heywood and Jennifer Drake|chapter=Hip-Hop matters|pages=243|date=1997|publisher=University of Minnesota Press|id=ISBN 0816630054] counter that "making rap music that appeals to mass audiences isn't simply about selling out", stating that alternative hip-hop is an attempt to counter the association that much of the mass market has between (mainstream) hip-hop music and violence, giving as an example the "Smokin' Grooves Tour" of 1996 (featuring
Cypress Hill, A Tribe Called Quest, The Fugees, Nas, Ziggy Marley, and Busta Rhymes—all of whom, with the exception of reggae singer Marley, are hip-hop performers who "don't fit the mold of gangsta rap"). Cypress Hill, though very gangsta oriented, focus more on marijuana. The Fugees and Nas are while considered Mainstream East Coast Hip Hop/Rap, some of the most varied artists, focusing on criminal exploits and ghetto storytales through witty poetics and political satire. Alternative acts have also begun in Latin America, with the rise of Cuban hip-hop group, the Orishasand Puerto Rican hip-hop duo Calle 13.
Damon Albarn-led Gorillazproject has brought alternative hip hop to worldwide attention, working with producers Dan the Automatorand Danger Mouse, and featuring De La Soul, Del Tha Funkee Homosapien, and MF Doom.
* [http://www.jazz.com/jazz-blog/2008/8/26/jazz-and-hip-hop-one "Jazz and Hip-Hop: Can They Really Mix?"] by Jared Pauley, ( [http://www.jazz.com Jazz.com] )
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