- Association for Computing Machinery
name = Association for Computing Machinery
size = 80x80
formation = 1947
New York, NY
membership = 83,000
leader_title = President
website = http://www.acm.org
The Association for Computing Machinery, or ACM, was founded in 1947 as the world's first scientific and educational
computingsociety. Its membership was approximately 83,000 as of 2007. Its headquarters are in New York City.
ACM is organized into over 170 local chapters and 34
Special Interest Groups (SIGs), through which it conducts most of its activities. Additionally, there are over 500 college and university [http://www.acm.org/chapters/stu/ chapters] . The first student chapter was founded in 1961 at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette.
Many of the SIGs, like SIGGRAPH,
SIGPLANand SIGCOMM, sponsor regular conferences which have become famous as the dominant venue for presenting new innovations in certain fields. The groups also publish a large number of specialized journals, magazines, and newsletters.
ACM also sponsors other computer science related events such as the worldwide
ACM International Collegiate Programming Contest(ICPC), and has sponsored some other events such as the chess match between Garry Kasparovand the IBM Deep Bluecomputer.
ACM Press publishes a prestigious academic journal, "
Journal of the ACM", and general magazines for computer professionals, " Communications of the ACM" (also known as "Communications" or "CACM") and "Queue". Other publications of the ACM include:
ACM Crossroads", the most popular student computing journal in USA
*A number of journals, specific to subfields of computer science, titled "ACM Transactions". Some of the more prominent transactions include:
ACM Transactions on Computer Systems" (TOCS)
ACM Transactions on Database Systems" (TODS)
ACM Transactions on Graphics" (TOG)
ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems" (TOPLAS)
Although "Communications" no longer publishes primary research, and is not considered a prestigious venue, many of the great debates and results in computing history have been published in its pages, see the article on
Communications of the ACM.
ACM has made almost all of its publications available to paid subscribers online at its [http://portal.acm.org/dl.cfm Digital Library] and also has a [http://portal.acm.org/guide.cfm Guide to Computing Literature] . It also offers insurance and other services to its members.
The [http://portal.acm.org/dl.cfm ACM Digital Library] contains a comprehensive archive of the organization's journals, magazines, and conference proceedings. Online services include a forum called Ubiquity and Tech News digest.
ACM requires the copyright of all submissions to be assigned to the organization as a condition of publishing the work. [ [http://www.acm.org/pubs/copyright_policy/ ACM Copyright Policy ] ] Authors may post the documents on their own websites, but they are required to link back to the digital library's reference page for the paper. Though authors are not allowed to charge for access to copies of their work, downloading a copy from the ACM site requires a paid subscription.
ACM's primary historical competitor has been the
IEEE Computer Society, which is the largest subgroup of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. The IEEE focuses more on hardware and standardization issues than theoretical computer science, but there is considerable overlap with the ACM's agenda. They occasionally cooperate on projects like developing computer science curricula. [ [http://www.sigcse.org/cc2001/cs-executive-summary.html Executive Summary ] ]
There is also a mounting challenge to the ACM's publication practices coming from the
open accessmovement. Some authors see a centralized peer-review process as less relevant and publish on their home pages or on unreviewed sites like arXiv. Other organizations have sprung up which do their peer review entirely free and online, such as Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research (JAIR), Journal of Machine Learning Research (JMLR) and the [http://dl.acs.org.au/index.php/jrpit Journal of Research and Practice in Information Technology] .
The ACM Fellows Program was established by Council of the Association for Computing Machinery in 1993 "to recognize and honor outstanding ACM members for their achievements in computer science and information technology and for their significant contributions to the mission of the ACM."
There are presently about 500 Fellows out of about 60,000 professional members.
A full list can be found on [http://fellows.acm.org/ ACM's Website] .
pecial Interest Groups
SIGACCESS: Accessibility and Computing
SIGACT: Algorithms and Computation Theory
SIGAda: Ada Programming Language
SIGAPL: APL Programming Language
SIGAPP: Applied Computing
SIGARCH: Computer Architecture
SIGART: Artificial Intelligence
SIGBED: Embedded Systems
SIGCAS: Computers and Society
SIGCHI: Computer-Human Interaction
SIGCOMM: Data Communication
SIGCSE: Computer Science Education
SIGDA: Design Automation
SIGDOC: Design of Communication
SIGecom: Electronic Commerce
SIGEVO: Genetic and Evolutionary Computation
SIGGRAPH: Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques
* SIGIR: Information Retrieval
SIGITE: Information Technology Education
SIGKDD: Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
SIGMETRICS: Measurement and Evaluation
SIGMIS: Management Information Systems
SIGMM: Multimedia [ [http://www.sigmm.org/ SIGMM Site - SIGMM Award - Call for Nominations ] ]
SIGMOBILE: Mobility of Systems, Users, Data and Computing
SIGMOD: Management of Data
SIGOPS: Operating Systems
SIGPLAN: Programming Languages
SIGSAC: Security, Audit, and Control
SIGSAM: Symbolic and Algebraic Manipulation
SIGSIM: Simulation and Modeling
SIGSOFT: Software Engineering
SIGUCCS: University and College Computing Services
* SIGWEB: Hypertext, Hypermedia, and Web
The ACM sponsors numerous conferences listed below. Most of the special interest groups also have an annual conference. ACM conferences are often very popular publishing venues and are therefore very competitive. For example, the 2007
SIGGRAPHconference attracted about 30000 visitors, and CIKM only accepted 15% of the long papers that were submitted in 2005.
* CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
* [http://www.cikm.org/ CIKM] : Conference on Information and Knowledge Management
* [http://www.dac.com/ DAC] : Design Automation Conference
* [http://www.acm.org/fcrc/ FCRC] : Federated Computing Research Conference
* [http://www.sigevo.org/gecco-2006/ GECCO] : Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference
SIGGRAPHGraphics and Interactive Techniques]
* [http://www.ht07.org/ Hypertext] : Conference on Hypertext and Hypermedia
* [http://www.jcdl.org/ JCDL] : Joint Conference on Digital Libraries
OOPSLA: International conference on Object-Oriented Programming, Systems, Languages, and Applications
* [http://www.informatik.uni-trier.de/~ley/db/conf/www/ WWW] : International conference on World Wide Web
The President of the ACM for 2008–2010 is
Wendy Hallof the University of Southampton.
ACM is led by a Council consisting of the President, Vice-President, Treasurer, Past President, SIG Governing Board Chair, Publications Board Chair, three representatives of the SIG Governing Board, and seven Members-At-Large. This institution is often referred to simply as "Council" in "Communications of the ACM".
ACM has five “Boards” that make up various committees and subgroups, to help Headquarters staff maintain quality services and products. These boards are as follows:
# Publications Board
# SIG Governing Board
# Education Board
# Membership Services Board
# Professions Board
ACM's Committee on Women in Computing
ACM's committee on
women in computingis set up to support, inform, celebrate, and work with women in computing. Dr. Anita Borgwas a great supporter of ACM-W. ACM-W provides various resources for women in computing as well as high school girls interested in the field. ACM-W also reaches out internationally to those women who are involved and interested in computing.
ACM has three kinds of chapters:
Special Interest Group, Professional, and Student chapters.
[http://www.acm.org/chapters/ Index of all Chapters]
Professional Chapters include
* Baltimore ACM Chapter (BACM): [http://balto.acm.org/ official website]
* District of Columbia ACM Chapter (DCACM): [http://www.dcacm.org/ official website]
Student Chapters include
* Johns Hopkins University (JHUACM): [http://www.acm.jhu.edu/ official website]
* University of the Philippines (UPACM): [http://www.upacm.org/blog/ official website]
* Timeline of computing (750 BC – 1949)
Edmund Berkeley, co-founder
ACM Classification Scheme
Grace Murray Hopper Award, awarded by the ACM
* Dr. Franz Alt, former president.
Bernard Galler, former president.
ACM Crossroads", one of its magazines
ACM Transactions on Graphics", one of the journals its publishes.
ACM Guide to Computing Literature, a database of computer science literature
UP ACM, the only ACM chapter in the Philippinesand three-time Chapter Excellence winner.
* [http://www.acm.org/ ACM official website]
* [http://portal.acm.org/ ACM portal] for publications
* [http://acm.org/sigs/guide98.html ACM Special Interest Groups]
* [http://fellows.acm.org/ List of ACM Fellows]
* [http://horning.blogspot.com/2006/10/making-case-for-acm-fellow.html Making the case for an ACM Fellow]
* [http://portal.acm.org/dl.cfm ACM Digital Library]
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