- Jostein Gaarder
Jostein Gaarder (born
August 8 1952in Oslo) is a Norwegian intellectualand author of several novels, short stories and children's books. Gaarder often writes from the perspective of children, exploring their sense of wonder about the world. He often uses metafictionin his works, writing stories within stories.
Gaarder was born into a
pedagogicalfamily. His best known work is the novel " Sophie's World", subtitled "A Novel about the History of Philosophy" (ISBN 0-425-15225-1). This popular work has been translated into fifty-three languages; there are over thirty million copies in print, [ no iconcite news|date=Unknown|url=http://www.aschehoug.no/servlets/dispatcher/forfattere/alfabetisk/vis?contentItemId=649815|title=Gaarder, Jostein|publisher= Aschehoug|accessdate=2006-08-10] with three million copies sold in Germanyalone.
In 1997, he established the
Sophie Prizetogether with his wife Siri Dannevig. This prize is an international environment and development prize ( USD100,000 = 77,000 €), awarded annually. It is named after the novel.
Awards and prizes
In 1997, Gaarder was awarded the 1997
Buxtehude Bulle. [ no iconcite news|date= November 8, 2002|url=http://www.nrk.no/nyheter/kultur/forfattere/659700.html|title=Gaarder, Jostein|publisher= NRK|accessdate=2006-08-10]
In 2004, he received the Willy-Brandt-Award in Oslo.
In 2005, Jostein Gaarder was awarded
The Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olavand later the same year he was awarded an Honorary degreeat Trinity College, Dublin. [cite news|date= December 16, 2005|url=http://www.tcd.ie/Communications/pressRelease.php?headerID=260&pressReleaseArchive=2006|title=‘Sophie’s World’ author Jostein Gaarder and TCD Medical Officer for 30 years among distinguished recipients of Honorary Degrees at TCD|publisher= Trinity College, Dublin|accessdate=2006-08-10]
Controversy following op-ed on Israel and Judaism
Jostein Gaarder controversy"
In August 2006, Jostein Gaarder published an
op-edin one of the major daily newspapers in Norway, Aftenposten. This was written in response to the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflictand condemned certain aspects of Israeli politics and Judaism. Gaarder also argued against recognizing the state of Israel in its current form. The article was accused of promoting antisemiticsentiments, such as describing Judaism as "an archaic national and warlike religion", contrasting it with the "Christian" idea that " [T] he Kingdom of God is compassion and forgiveness". Gaarder disputed the allegations of antisemitism, and sought to clarify that he didn't mean to offend anyone. He claimed that the piece was written in a state of moral outrage over the death toll in Lebanon. Like his initial piece, his attempts at clarification met with mixed reactions.
*"The only thing we require to be good philosophers is the faculty of wonder." (from Sophie's World)
*"It's fun at the Tivoli, and it's fun with a carousel, but sometimes I get the urge to jump off."
*"There exists a world. In terms of probability, this borders on the impossible." (One of the manifesto's 52 parts, from Maya)Source: [http://www.ordtak.no/index.php?fn=Jostein&en=Gaarder Ordtak.no]
List of works
*"Diagnosen og andre noveller" (The Diagnosis and Other Stories) (1986)
*"Froskeslottet" (The Frog Castle) (1988)
The Solitaire Mystery) (1990) ISBN 0-425-15999-X
*"Sofies verden" (
Sophie's World) (1991) ISBN 0-425-15225-1
The Christmas Mystery) (1992) ISBN 0-374-12329-2 (1995 edition illustrated by Stella EastISBN 82-03-24090-9)
*"Bibbi Bokkens magiske bibliotek" (Bibbi Bokkens magic library) (together with
Klaus Hagerup(1993) ISBN 82-00-21210-6
*"I et speil, i en gåte" (Through a Glass, Darkly) (1993) ISBN 0-7538-0673-8
*"Hallo? Er det noen her?" (Hello? Is Anybody There?) (1996) ISBN 0-374-32948-6
Vita Brevis" (Brief Life) (also appeared in English as That Same Flower) (1996) ISBN 0-7538-0461-1
*"Maya" (1999) ISBN 0-7538-1146-4
*"Sirkusdirektørens datter" (
The Ringmaster's Daughter) (2001) ISBN 0-7538-1700-4
*"Appelsinpiken" (The Orange Girl) (2004) ISBN 0-297-84904-2
*"Sjakk Matt' (Checkmate) (2006)
*"De gule dvergene" (The Yellow Dwarves) (2006)
* [http://members.aol.com/wpwinter/nordland/gaarder.htm Biography]
* [http://www.sophieprize.org/ The Sophie Prize]
* [http://www.aschehougagency.no/authors/aschehoug/aschehoug_fiction/gaarder_jostein A list of all his books and publishers]
* [http://www.sophiesworld.org Commentary on a unique book: Sophie's World]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.