Pueblo, Colorado

Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Pueblo, Colorado
other_name =
native_name =
nickname = Home of Heroes, P-Town
settlement_type = City
motto =


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map_caption = Location in

mapsize1 =
map_caption1 = Location of Colorado in the United States
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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = USA
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = flag|Colorado
subdivision_type2 = Countycite web | url = http://www.dola.state.co.us/dlg/local_governments/municipalities.html | title = Active Colorado Municipalities | format = HTML | publisher = State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs | accessdate = 2007-09-01]
subdivision_name2 = Pueblo - county seatGR|6
subdivision_type3 =
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government_type = Home Rule Municipality
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established_title2 = Incorporated
established_date2 = November 15, 1885cite web | url = http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/muninc.html | title = Colorado Municipal Incorporations | format = HTML | publisher = State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives | date = 2004-12-01 | accessdate = 2007-09-02]
established_title3 =
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unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =
area_total_km2 = 117.5
area_land_km2 = 116.7
area_water_km2 = 0.8
area_total_sq_mi = 45.4
area_land_sq_mi = 45.1
area_water_sq_mi = 0.3
area_water_percent =
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population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
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population_total = 102,121
population_density_km2 = 874.7
population_density_sq_mi = 2265.5
population_metro =
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timezone = MST
utc_offset = -7
timezone_DST = MDT
utc_offset_DST = -6
latd = 38 |latm = 16 |lats = 1 |latNS = N
longd = 104 |longm = 37 |longs = 13 |longEW = W
elevation_footnotes = GR|3
elevation_m = 1430
elevation_ft = 4692
postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 81001-81012
area_code = 719
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 08-62000
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = [http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/f?p=gnispq:3:::NO::P3_FID:0204798 0204798]
blank2_name = Highways
blank2_info = I-25, US 50, SH 45, SH 47, SH 78, SH 96, SH 227
website = [http://www.pueblo.us/ City of Pueblo]
footnotes =
Ninth most populous Colorado city

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The City of Pueblo (IPAEng|ˈpwɛbloʊ) is a Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous city of Pueblo County, Colorado, United States.GR|6 The population was 102,121 at the 2000 census.

Pueblo is situated at the confluence of the Arkansas River and Fountain Creek convert|103|mi|km|0|sp=us south of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. The area is considered to be semi-arid with approximately 14 inches (350 mm) of precipitation annually; however with its location in the "banana belt," Pueblo tends to get less snow than the other major cities in Colorado. Pueblo is the heart of the Pueblo Metropolitan Statistical Area and an important part of the Front Range Urban Corridor.GR|6. Many consider Pueblo to be the economic hub of southeastern Colorado and northern New Mexico. Because of this some people call Pueblo "Colorado's second city," although Pueblo is no longer the second largest city by population. Pueblo is one of the largest steel-producing cities in the United States, because of this Pueblo is referred to as the "Steel City." It is now home to a number of electronics and aviation companies. The Historic Arkansas River Project (HARP) is a beautiful river walk that graces the historic Union Avenue district. It shows the history of the Pueblo Flood.

Overview

It is the hometown of Damon Runyon, who never returned after 1911 or so, but mentioned Pueblo in many of his newspaper columns (notably his "Our Old Man" pieces). Pueblo is also the home of Dutch Clark, the first man from Colorado in the NFL hall of fame. Pueblo's largest football stadium is named after him. At this stadium is where the oldest high school rivalry west of the Mississippi takes place, The Bell Game, which is played by The Pueblo Central Wildcats and the Pueblo Centennial Bulldogs.Pueblo is the hometown of four Medal of Honor recipients - Drew D. Dix, Raymond G. Murphy, William J. Crawford, and Carl L. Sitter. President Dwight D. Eisenhower upon presenting Raymond G. "Jerry" Murphy with his Medal in 1953 commented, "What is it...something in the water out there in Pueblo? All you guys turn out to be heroes!". In 1993, The City Council adopted the tagline "Home of Heroes" because it can claim more recipients per capita than any other city in the United States. On July 1, 1993, the Congressional Record recognized Pueblo as the "Home of Heroes" (http://www.pueblo.org/homeofheroes/. There is a memorial to the recipients of the medal at the Pueblo Convention Center. Central High School is known as the "School of Heroes", as it is the alma mater of two recipients, Sitter and Crawford, more than any other high school in the country.

Pueblo is the home to Colorado's largest single event, the Colorado State Fair, held annually in the late summer, and the largest parade, the state fair parade, as well as and an annual Chili Festival.

The National Street Rod Association's Rocky Mountain Street Rod Nationals have been held in Pueblo for 23 years, and this is the region's largest and premier street rod event.

The highways U.S. Highway 50 and Interstate 25 cross each other at Pueblo, possibly making it the second most important intersection in the state, after I-70 and I-25 in Denver. The local airport, Pueblo Memorial Airport, lies to the east of the city. It is home to the [http://www.pwam.org/ Pueblo Weisbrod Aircraft Museum] (named for Fred Weisbrod, late city manager), reflecting the airport's beginnings as an Army Air Corps base in 1943. Pueblo Transit provides bus service six days a week throughout the city. Due to the growth of the Pueblo Metro Area they are considering forming a regional transportation district so they can serve some of Pueblo's fastest growing suburbs.

Pueblo may be best known as the home of the Federal Citizen Information Center, operated by the General Services Administration, and its Consumer Information Catalog. For some 30 years, public service announcements have invited Americans to write for information at "Pueblo, Colorado, 81009" (though the official address is Post Office Box 100). In recent times GSA has incorporated Pueblo into FCIC's toll-free telephone number (1-888-8 PUEBLO) and web address ( [http://www.pueblo.gsa.gov/ www.pueblo.gsa.gov] ).

The Pueblo city council is in the process of annexing over convert|24000|acre|km2 north of Pueblo, owned by a Las Vegas development company, to be called the Pueblo Springs Ranch. This development has the potential of being one of the largest planned communities in the country, and will nearly double Pueblo's land area. According to the Pueblo Chieftain, the development will include residential area as well as a major tech park.

Pueblo is becoming the regions renewable energy capitol. Vestas just announced they will build the largest plant in the world that manufactures wind turbines at Pueblo's industrial park at close to 700,000 square feet. Also, AEHI along with other companies want to build a 21,000 acer energy park east of Pueblo and would be the largest of its kind in the U.S.A. It will include nuclear, solar, natural gas, wind turbines and hydroelectric power plants as well as manufacturing companies who want to be located next to major sources of power. The park will be called the Colorado Energy Park and the cost to build it will be close to 10 billion dollars. Here is a link to the Wall Street Journal article on it: http://www.marketwatch.com/news/story/aehi-agrees-negotiate-contract-colorado/story.aspx?guid=%7B878490D1-F273-4B8B-A30D-50B21F77EC9F%7D&dist=hppr

History

George Simpson, among other traders and trappers such as Mathew Kinkead, claimed to have helped construct the plaza that became known as El Pueblo or Fort Pueblo around 1842. George married Juana Maria Suaso and lived there for a year or two before moving; however, Simpson had no legal title to the land. The adobe structures were built with the intention of settlement and trade next to the Arkansas River, which then formed the U.S./Mexico border. About a dozen families lived there, trading with Native American tribes for hides, skins, livestock, as well as (later) cultivated plants, and liquor. Evidence of this trade, as well as other utilitarian goods, such as Native American pottery shards were found at the recently excavated site. According to accounts of residents who traded at the plaza (including that of George Simpson), the fort was raided sometime between December 23 and December 25, 1854, by Native American Ute Tribe and Jacarilla Apache tribes. They allegedly killed between fifteen and nineteen men, one woman, and captured two children. The trading post was abandoned after the raid, but it became important again between 1858 and 1859 during the Colorado Gold Rush of 1859. [. cite book
last =Dodds
title=Pueblo
year = 1982
pages=ppg. 16, 23
]

The current city of Pueblo represents the consolidation of four towns: Pueblo (incorporated 1870), South Pueblo (incorporated 1873), Central Pueblo (incorporated 1882), and Bessemer (incorporated 1886). Pueblo, South Pueblo, and Central Pueblo legally consolidated as the City of Pueblo between March 9 and April 6 of 1886. Bessemer joined Pueblo in 1894 [cite book
last =Aschermann
title=Winds in the Cornfields
year = 1994
pages = pg. 51
] . [cite book
last =Dodds
title=They All Came To Pueblo
year = 1994
pages = pg. 168
] [cite book
last =Dodds
title=Pueblo
year = 1982
pages = ppg. 54, 63
]

The consolidated city was once a major economic and social center of Colorado, and was home to important early Colorado families the Thatchers, Ormans and Adams. Until a series of major floods culminated in the Great Flood of 1921, Pueblo was considered the 'Saddle-Making capital of the World'. Roughly one-third of Pueblo's downtown businesses were lost in this flood, along with a substantial number of buildings. Pueblo has long struggled to come to grips with this loss, and has only recently begun a resurgence in growth. [.cite book
last =Dodds
title=Pueblo
year = 1982
pages=ppg. 152-161
]

The economic situation of Pueblo was further exacerbated by the decline of American steel in the 1970s and 1980s, and Pueblo still actively seeks to diversify its economic base. The City features a river walk, extensive trail system, industrial park, and revitalized downtown area to this effect.

The Steel Mill

and recently changed its name to Rocky Mountain Steel Mills. Since the acquisition, the company has been plagued with labor problems, mostly due to accusations of unfair labor practices. The problems culminated with a major strike in 1997, leading to most of the workforce being replaced.

Of the many production and fabrication mills which once existed on the site, only the steel production (electric furnaces, used for scrap recycling), rail, rod, bar, and seamless tube mills are still in operation. The wire mill was sold in the late 1990s to Davis Wire, which still produces products such as fence and nails under the CF&I brand name.

The facility operated blast furnaces until 1982, when the bottom fell out of the steel market. The main blast furnace structures were torn down in 1989, but due to asbestos content, many of the adjacent stoves still remain. The stoves and foundations for some of the furnaces can be easily seen from Interstate 25, which runs parallel to the plant's west boundary.

Several of the administration buildings, including the main office building, dispensary, and tunnel gatehouse were purchased in 2003 by the Bessemer Historical Society. They are currently undergoing renovation. In addition to housing the historic CF&I Archives, the first phase of the project has been turned into the Steelworks Museum of Industry and Culture [http://www.cfisteel.org] .

Presidential Visits

President Woodrow Wilson, on a speaking tour to gather support for the entry of the United States into the League of Nations, collapsed on September 25, 1919 following a speech in Pueblo. He suffered a stroke a week later which incapacitated him for the rest of his presidency.

Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt, arrived at the Pueblo Union Depot in order to lay the first brick down for the Y.M.C.A. and check the water resources in Colorado.

President George H.W. Bush (when he was Vice President) had come to the Pueblo Nature Center's Raptor Center to release an American Bald Eagle that had its wings healed.

Other national leaders to visit Pueblo include President John F Kennedy, President William J. Clinton, Senator John F. Kerry, and Vice President Albert Gore.

In the 2008 presidential campaign Pueblo has been visited by both Democratic nominee Senator Obama and Republican nominee Senator McCain. This is due to the fact that the state of Colorado is considered a key "battleground" state and Pueblo, as the democratic strong hold, a key city for Obama to win.

The State Hospital

Historically the other major employer in Pueblo was the State Hospital, which formerly served the entire state. Established in 1879 as the Colorado State Insane Asylum it was known as the Colorado State Hospital after 1917. In 1991, the name was changed to the Colorado Mental Health Institute at Pueblo (CMHIP). Currently they are building a new Forensic Medium and Maximum Security center. This will be a new state-of-the-art 200-bed high security Forensic Institute. http://www.cdhs.state.co.us/cmhip/aboutus.htm

Education

Pueblo is home to Colorado State University-Pueblo (CSU-Pueblo), formerly the University of Southern Colorado and before that Southern Colorado State College. It is part of the Colorado State University System, with about 6,000 students. On May 8, 2007, CSU-Pueblo got approval from the Board of Governors of the Colorado State University System to bring back football with an expected start date of the fall of 2008. CSU-Pueblo will be a part of the Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference and will play their home games at the Thunderbowl, a new stadium at CSU-Pueblo which will hold over 11,000 people.

Pueblo Community College (PCC) is a two-year, public, comprehensive community college, one of thirteen community colleges within the Colorado Community College System (CCCS). It operates three campuses serving a widely dispersed eight-county region in Southern Colorado. The main campus is located in Pueblo and serves Pueblo County. The Fremont Campus is located approximately convert|35|mi|km west of Pueblo in Canon City and serves Fremont and Custer Counties. The Southwest Campus, convert|280|mi|km southwest of Pueblo, serves Montezuma, Dolores, La Plata, San Juan, and Archuleta counties. PCC is a Hispanic Serving Institution as designated by the Federal Government. Approximately 5,000 students attend PCC per semester.

Geography

Pueblo is located at coor dms|38|16|1|N|104|37|13|W|city (38.266933, -104.620393)GR|1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 45.4 square miles (117.5 km²), of which, 45.1 square miles (116.8 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.8 km²) of it (0.66%) is water.

Demographics

USCensusPop
1880=3217
1890=24558
1900=28157
1910=41747
1920=43050
1930=50096
1940=52162
1950=63685
1960=91181
1970=97453
1980=101686
1990=98640
2000=102121
As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 102,121 people, 40,307 households, and 26,118 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,265.5 people per square mile (874.6/km²). There were 43,121 housing units at an average density of 956.6/sq mi (369.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 76.21% White, 2.41% African American, 1.73% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 15.20% from other races, and 3.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 44.13% of the population.

According to the 2005 Census estimates, the city had grown to an estimated population of 103,495cite web | url = http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2005-04-08.csv | title = Annual Estimates | date = June 21 2006 ] and had become the ninth most populous city in the State of Colorado and the 242nd most populous city in the United States.

There were 40,307 households out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.5% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,650, and the median income for a family was $35,620. Males had a median income of $29,702 versus $22,197 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,026. About 13.9% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.3% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.

Aviation

*Pueblo Memorial Airport
*Pueblo Historical Aircraft Society
*Pueblo Weisbrod Aircraft Museum

Notable natives and residents

*Frank E. Evans, U.S. Representative from January 3, 1965-January 3, 1979.
*Grant Withers, Hollywood leading actor, from the silents to 1950s.
* David Packard, co-founder of Hewlett-Packard.
* John Meston, script writer and co-creator of the CBS Western television series "Gunsmoke"
* Damon Runyon, newspaperman and writer.
* Kelly Reno, child actor from The Black Stallion.
* Dan Rowan, of Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In, lived for a time in the McClelland Orphanage in Pueblo.
* Dave Feamster, ice hockey player and business man
* Jeff Valdez, comedian, producer, and founder of the cable channel SíTV
* Earl (Dutch) Clark-played for the Detroit Lions from 1934-1938, and was inducted into the NFL hall of fame.
* Blaine Reininger, avant-garde musician (1953-).
* Louie D. Carleo, local real estate developer and businessman, responsible for the relocation of major companies to Pueblo.

* Tenni Shoe, a local horror writer, famous for such works as Snuff and Nonsense and other short stories.

Pueblo in popular culture

*In the South Park episode The Losing Edge, Pueblo is one of the towns in which the South Park team competes.
*In the South Park episode Quest For Ratings, Pueblo is shown on the crayon-drawn Weather Map during the Weather segment (roughly 8 minutes in).
*In John Sayle's 2004 film "Silver City," Pueblo is referenced by Cliff Castleton.
*Pueblo as a frontier town is the setting for Louis L'Amour's 1981 western novel "Milo Talon".
*The opening scene in Bo Edwards' 2008 novel "Live to Ride" (ISBN 978-0-9801345-0-6) is set in Pueblo. The two protagonists are Pueblo natives.

ister cities

*flagicon|China Weifang, China
*flagicon|Italy Bergamo, Italy
*flagicon|Sicily Lucca Sicula, Sicily (Italy)
*flagicon|Mexico Chihuahua, Mexico
*flagicon|Mexico Puebla, Mexico
*flagicon|Slovenia Maribor, Slovenia

ee also

*Colorado municipalities
*Front Range Urban Corridor
*Pueblo County, Colorado
*Pueblo Metropolitan Statistical Area
*South Central Colorado Urban Area
*State of Colorado

References

*cite web
date = June 21 2006
url = http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2005-04-08.csv
title = Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places in Colorado
format = CSV
work = 2005 Population Estimates
publisher = U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division
accessmonthday = November 16
accessyear = 2006
;Bibliography
*cite book
last =Dodds
first =Joanne West
year = 1994
title=They All Came To Pueblo: A Social History
publisher = Donning Company
location = Virginia Beach, Virginia
id= ISBN 0-89865-908-6

*cite book
last =Dodds
first =Joanne West
year = 1982
title=Pueblo: A Pictorial History
publisher = Donning Company
location = Virginia Beach, Virginia
id= ISBN 0-89865-281-2

*cite book
last =Aschermann
first =Arla
year = 1994
title=Winds in the Cornfields: Pueblo County, Colorado 1787 - 1872, 3rd edition
publisher = Pueblo County Historical Society
location = Pueblo, Colorado
id= ISBN 0-915617-15-3

*cite book
last = Buckles
first =William G.
year = 2006
title=The Search for El Pueblo: Through Pueblo to El Pueblo – An Archaeological Summary, Second Edition
publisher = Colorado Historical Society
location = Pueblo, Colorado
id= ISBN 0-942576-48-9; ISBN 978-0-942576-48-1

*cite book
last = Lecompte
first =Janet
year = 1978
title=Pueblo, Hardscrabble, Greenhorn: Society on the High Plains, 1832—1856
publisher = University of Oklahoma Press
location = Norman, USA
id= ISBN 0-8061-1723-0

External links

* [http://www.pueblo.us/ City of Pueblo website]
** [http://www.dot.state.co.us/App_DTD_DataAccess/Downloads/CityMaps/Pueblo.pdf CDOT map of the City of Pueblo]
* [http://www.pueblochamber.org/ Pueblo Chamber of Commerce]


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