Abjuration

Abjuration is the solemn repudiation, abandonment, or renunciation by or upon oath, often the renunciation of citizenship or some other right or privilege. (It comes from the Latin abjurare, "to forswear").

Contents

Abjuration of the realm

Abjuration of the realm was a type of abjuration in ancient English law. The person taking the oath swore to leave the country directly and promptly never to return to the kingdom unless by permission of the sovereign. This was often taken by fugitives who had taken sanctuary:

I swear on the Holy Book that I will leave the realm of England and never return without the express permission of my Lord the King or his heirs. I will hasten by the direct road to the port allotted to me and not leave the King's highway under pain of arrest or execution. I will not stay at one place more than one night and will seek diligently for a passage across the sea as soon as I arrive, delaying only one tide if possible. If I cannot secure such passage, I will walk into the sea up to my knees every day as a token of my desire to cross. And if I fail in all this, then peril shall be my lot.

English Commonwealth

Near the start of the English Civil War, on 18 August 1643 Parliament passed an "An Ordinance for Explanation of a former Ordinance for Sequestration of Delinquents Estates with some Enlargements." The enlargements included an oath which became known as the "Oath of Abjuration":

I ..; Do abjure and renounce the Pope's Supremacy and Authority over the Catholick Church in General, and over my self in Particular; And I do believe that there is not any Transubstantiation in the Sacrament of the Lords Supper, or in the Elements of Bread and Wine after Consecration thereof, by any Person whatsoever; And I do also believe, that there is not any Purgatory, Or that the consecrated Host, Crucifixes, or Images, ought to be worshipped, or that any worship is due unto any of them; And I also believe that Salvation cannot be Merited by Works, and all Doctrines in affirmation of the said Points; I do abjure and renounce, without any Equivocation, Mental Reservation, or secret Evasion whatsoever, taking the words by me spoken, according to the common and usual meaning of them. So help me God. [1]

In 1656, it was reissued in what was for Catholics an even more objectionable form. Everyone was to be "adjudged a Papist" who refused this oath, and the consequent penalties began with the confiscation of two thirds of the recusant's goods, and went on to deprive him of almost every civic right.[2]

The Catholic Encyclopaedia make the point that the oath and the penalties were so severe that it stopped the efforts of the Gallicanizing party among the English Catholics, who had been ready to offer forms of submission similar to the old oath of Allegiance, which was condemned anew about this time by Pope Innocent X.[2][3]

Great Britain

In England, an oath of abjuration was taken by Members of Parliament, clergy, and laymen, pledging to support the current British monarch and repudiated the right of the Stuarts and other claimants to the throne. This oath was imposed under William III, George I and George III. It was superseded by the oath of allegiance.

The Netherlands

Another famous abjuration was brought about by the Plakkaat van Verlatinghe of July 26, 1581, the formal Declaration of Independence of the Low Countries from the Spanish king, Philip II. This oath was the climax of the Eighty Years' War (Dutch Revolt).

Notes

  1. ^ C.H. Firth, R.S. Rait (editors (1911)). Acts and Ordinances of the Interregnum, 1642-1660, "August 1643: An Ordinance for Explanation of a former Ordinance for Sequestration of Delinquents Estates with some Enlargements", pp. 254-260. Date accessed: 16 March 2010
  2. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed (1913). "English Post-Reformation Oaths". Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company. 
  3. ^  "English Post-Reformation Oaths". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.  Cites Reusch, Index der verboten Bücher (Bonn, 1883)

References

  • Black, Henry Campbell, and Bryan A. Garner (editors). Black's Law Dictionary (7th edition). West: 1999. ISBN 0-314-22864-0.
  • Knight, Bernard. "Crowner Part 4: The Right of Sanctuary."[1]
  • Meehan, Andrew B. "Abjuration." The Catholic Encyclopedia. 1907. [2]

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  • abjuration — [ abʒyrasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1492; lat. abjuratio ♦ Action d abjurer. ⇒ apostasie. L abjuration d Henri IV, de la religion protestante par Henri IV. ● abjuration nom féminin (latin ecclésiastique abjuratio, reniement) Action d abjurer une religion, une …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Abjuration — • A denial, disavowal, or renunciation under oath Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Abjuration     Abjuration     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • abjuration — I verb abandonment, defection, denial, disaffirmation, disallowance, disavowal, disclaimer, disclamation, disownment, forswearing, recall, recantation, rejection, renouncement, renunciation, repudiation, retraction, revocation, revokement… …   Law dictionary

  • Abjuration — Ab ju*ra tion, n. [L. abjuratio: cf. F. abjuration.] 1. The act of abjuring or forswearing; a renunciation upon oath; as, abjuration of the realm, a sworn banishment, an oath taken to leave the country and never to return. [1913 Webster] 2. A… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • abjuration — Abjuration. s. f. v. Action par laquelle on abjure. Abjuration publique, solemnelle. il fit son abjuration entre les mains de l Evesque. abjuration de l heresie. recevoir l abjuration de quelqu un …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Abjuration — (lat.), Abschwörung; Abjurationseid (Oath of abjuration), seit Wilhelm III. engl. Beamteneid zur Anerkennung der staatsrechtlich festgestellten Erbfolge …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Abjuration — Abjuration, s. Abschwörung …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Abjuration — Abjuration, Abschwörung …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • abjuration — (n.) mid 15c., from L. abjurationem (nom. abjuratio) a denying on oath, noun of action from pp. stem of abjurare (see ABJURE (Cf. abjure)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • abjuration — (ab ju ra sion) s. f. Action d abjurer, se dit et de celui qui abjure et de la chose abjurée. L abjuration de Henri IV. L abjuration du calvinisme par ce prince. L abjuration du christianisme par Porphyre. L abjuration qu il fit de ses plus… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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