- ISO 3166-2
ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the
ISO 3166standard published by the International Organization for Standardization(ISO). It is a geocodesystem created for coding the names of country subdivisions and dependent areas. The purpose of the standard is to establish a worldwide series of short abbreviations for places, for use on package labels, containers, and such; anywhere where a short alphanumeric code can serve to clearly indicate a location in a more convenient and less ambiguous form than the full place name. There are around 3700 different codes.
The official name of the standard is "Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 2: Country subdivision code". It was first published in 1998.
ISO 3166-2 codes consist of two parts, separated by a hyphen. The first part is the
ISO 3166-1 alpha-2code element, the second is alphabetic or numeric and has one, two or three characters. The second part often is based on national standards.
Changes and editions
Changes were announced in different newsletters. These mostly comprise addition of new subdivisions and spelling corrections.
# A second edition (ISO 3166-2:2007) was published on 2007-12-15.
Decoding and encoding lists
To find the ISO 3166-2 codes for each country see
ISO 3166-1, a list of countries. If you are familiar with the two-letter country codes (similar to internet country codes) you can also use the format matrix given below.
Both ways would lead to articles like ISO 3166-2:XX, where XX stands for the ISO 3166-1 code, e.g. leads to the code list for Australia.
Format matrix with links to codes
Some of the codes are developed by ISO 3166/MA; these are copyrighted. Others are already in use in the specific countries.
List of FIPS region codes
List of country subdivisions
* [http://www.iso.org/iso/country_codes/background_on_iso_3166/iso_3166-2.htm Official page of ISO 3166-2]
* [http://www.iso.org/iso/country_codes/updates_on_iso_3166.htm ISO 3166-2 updates]
* [http://www.iso.org/iso/iso3166_en_code_lists.txt Country Code List]
* [http://www.iso.org/iso/country_codes/updates_on_iso_3166/tracking_changes_in_iso_3166-2.htm Tracking changes in ISO 3166-2] , sorted by country
* [http://www.unece.org/cefact/locode/service/sublocat.htm UN/LOCODE by UNECE: Subdivision codes]
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