- Antigonid dynasty
The Antigonid dynasty was a dynasty of Macedonian
Hellenistickings descended from Alexander the Great's general Antigonus I Monophthalmus("the One-eyed"). Succeeding the Antipatrid dynastyin much of Macedonia, Antigonus ruled mostly over Asia Minor and northern Syria. His attempts to take control of the whole of Alexander's empire led to his defeat and death at the Battle of Ipsusin 301 BC. Antigonus's son Demetrius I Poliorcetessurvived the battle, and managed to seize control of Macedonitself a few years later, but eventually lost his throne, dying in prison. After a period of confusion, Demetrius's son Antigonus II Gonataswas able to establish the family's control over the old Kingdom of Macedon, as well as over most of the Greek city-states, by 276 BC. [cite book | last = J. Spielvogel | first = Jackson | title = Western Civilization: Volume I: To 1715 | publisher = Thomson Wadsworth | date = 2005 | pages = 89-90 | url = http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=xcNIBlwrjMsC&pg=PA89&dq=Antigonid+dynasty&as_brr=3&client=firefox-a&sig=bAsAQ3FULt-5YVLyQ9f9dJhvAEg#PPA90,M1 | isbn = 0534646034]
It was one of four empires formed by Alexander's successors, the others being the
Seleucid dynasty, Ptolemaic dynastyand Attalid dynasty. The dynasty ended with the Roman domination of the area after the Battle of Pydnain 168 BC.
The members of the Antingonid dynasty were:
Antigonus I Monophthalmus
Demetrius I Poliorcetes( 294 BC- 287 BC)
Antigonus II Gonatas( 276 BC- 239 BC)
*Demetrius II (239 BC-
Antigonus III Doson(229 BC - 221 BC)
*Philip V (221 BC-
*Perseus (179 BC-
168 BC) Andriscusclaimed to be the son of Perseus.
List of kings of Macedon
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