Antigonid dynasty

The Antigonid dynasty was a dynasty of Macedonian Hellenistic kings descended from Alexander the Great's general Antigonus I Monophthalmus ("the One-eyed"). Succeeding the Antipatrid dynasty in much of Macedonia, Antigonus ruled mostly over Asia Minor and northern Syria. His attempts to take control of the whole of Alexander's empire led to his defeat and death at the Battle of Ipsus in 301 BC. Antigonus's son Demetrius I Poliorcetes survived the battle, and managed to seize control of Macedon itself a few years later, but eventually lost his throne, dying in prison. After a period of confusion, Demetrius's son Antigonus II Gonatas was able to establish the family's control over the old Kingdom of Macedon, as well as over most of the Greek city-states, by 276 BC. [cite book | last = J. Spielvogel | first = Jackson | title = Western Civilization: Volume I: To 1715 | publisher = Thomson Wadsworth | date = 2005 | pages = 89-90 | url = http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=xcNIBlwrjMsC&pg=PA89&dq=Antigonid+dynasty&as_brr=3&client=firefox-a&sig=bAsAQ3FULt-5YVLyQ9f9dJhvAEg#PPA90,M1 | isbn = 0534646034]

It was one of four empires formed by Alexander's successors, the others being the Seleucid dynasty, Ptolemaic dynasty and Attalid dynasty. The dynasty ended with the Roman domination of the area after the Battle of Pydna in 168 BC.

The members of the Antingonid dynasty were:
*Antigonus I Monophthalmus
*Demetrius I Poliorcetes (294 BC-287 BC)
*Antigonus II Gonatas (276 BC-239 BC)
*Demetrius II (239 BC-229 BC)
*Antigonus III Doson (229 BC - 221 BC)
*Philip V (221 BC-179 BC)
*Perseus (179 BC-168 BC)

Andriscus claimed to be the son of Perseus.

References

See also

List of kings of Macedon


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