Delaware Supreme Court
Delaware Supreme Court
Seal of the Supreme Court of Delaware.svg
Seal of the Supreme Court of Delaware
Established 1841
Jurisdiction Delaware Delaware, United States United States
Location Wilmington, Delaware[1]
Authorized by Delaware Constitution
Decisions are appealed to Supreme Court of the United States

The Supreme Court of Delaware is the sole appellate court in the United States' state of Delaware. Because Delaware is a popular haven for corporations, the Court has developed a worldwide reputation as a respected source of corporate law decisions, particularly in the area of mergers and acquisitions.[1]

Contents

Jurisdiction

The Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction over direct appeals from the Superior Court, Family Court, and Court of Chancery. Because it is the only appellate court in the state, its jurisdiction over appeals from final orders is mandatory. However, it has discretionary jurisdiction over appeals from interlocutory orders.

The Court has original jurisdiction over writs of mandamus, prohibition, and certiorari. In addition, the Court regulates and has exclusive jurisdiction over matters concerning the admission and discipline of lawyers, the Lawyers' Fund for Client Protection, continuing legal education requirements, and the unauthorized practice of law.

Constitutionally, the Chief Justice is the chief administrative officer of the entire Delaware judicial system and has the responsibility for securing funding for the courts from the Delaware General Assembly.

Procedure

Motions

Motions are normally handled in chambers by a motions justice. Arguments on motions are uncommon.

Oral argument

While the Court's appellate jurisdiction is mandatory, it is not required to hear oral argument. Approximately 60-75% of its decisions are rendered on briefs. If a case involves a novel question of law or the justices desire clarification, oral argument is called. Each attorney in oral argument is given 20 minutes to present its side, except for capital cases, in which each side is given 30 minutes.

Most cases are heard by a panel of three justices. In certain cases set forth in Rule 1 of the Court's Rules, the Court will sit en banc. These cases include cases where a criminal defendant has been sentenced to death, where the three justice panel cannot reach a unanimous decision, or where the Court has been asked to modify or overrule existing precedent.

In cases being heard by a three justice panel, the lawyers presenting argument do not know the identity of the justices hearing the argument until the justices enter the courtroom.

Arguments are normally held each Wednesday beginning at 10:00 a.m. in Dover, the state capital. Occasionally, the Court will hear arguments in special locations, such as the Widener University School of Law. The Court has a courtroom in Wilmington, but it is rarely used.

History

The Court, in its current form, was established by means of a constitutional amendment in 1951. Before that, the Court had operated under the Delaware Constitution of 1897 as a unique "leftover-judge" system, wherein appeals were heard by a panel of three judges from either the Superior Court or the Court of Chancery who were not involved in the matter on appeal. In 1978, the Court's size was expanded from three to its current complement of five. Prior to 1897, Delaware's highest court was the Court of Errors & Appeals, which operated under a similar "leftover-judge" system.

Notable cases

  • Cheff v. Mathes (1964): First time Delaware Supreme Court addressed problems of board of director conflict of interest in a takeover setting. In this case, the court applied intermediate scrutiny to the board of director's decision to pay a bidder greenmail, stating that directors must have "reasonable grounds to believe a danger to corporate policy and effectiveness existed by [the bidder's] stock ownership. [D]irectors satisfy their burden by showing good faith and reasonable investigation[.]"
  • Smith v. Van Gorkom (1985): Expanded the modern doctrine of the business judgment rule to include the duty of care, often called negligence. Under the general business judgment rule, a Delaware court will not second-guess the decisions of a board of directors absent a breach of one of three fiduciary duties: good faith, due care, or loyalty. A plaintiff may overcome the business judgment rule – and receive a more favorable level of scruity under the "entire fairness" standard – if the plaintiff can show that the directors' decision lacked any rational basis (sometimes called waste).
  • Unocal v. Mesa Petroleum(1985): a board of directors may only try to prevent a take-over where it can be shown that there was a threat to corporate policy and the defensive measure adopted was proportional and reasonable given the nature of the threat.
  • Revlon v. McAndrews & Forbes Holdings, Inc. (1986): If a company is up for sale, the board of directors has a duty to maximize the value of that sale for the shareholder's benefit.
  • Mills Acquisition Co. v. Macmillan, Inc. (1989): A board of directors may refuse a takeover attempt without submitting the matter to a vote of shareholders.
  • Paramount v. QVC (1993):If a board of directors is about to consider selling, dissolving, or transferring control of a corporation, they are prohibited from considering non-shareholder interests and have a duty to maximize shareholder value.

Judicial officers

  • Myron T. Steele, Chief Justice
  • Randy J. Holland, Justice
  • Carolyn Berger, Justice
  • Jack B. Jacobs, Justice
  • Henry du Pont Ridgely, Justice

See also

External links

Coordinates: 39°44′36″N 75°32′46″W / 39.743288°N 75.546107°W / 39.743288; -75.546107

References

  1. ^ Thomas Lee Hazen and Jerry W. Markham, Corporations and Other Business Enterprises (2003) ISBN 0-314-26476-0



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Supreme court — For specific national supreme courts, see List of national supreme courts. A supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of many legal jurisdictions. Other descriptions for such courts include court of last resort, instance court,… …   Wikipedia

  • Supreme Court of California — Seal of the Supreme Court of California Established 1849 Jurisdiction …   Wikipedia

  • Supreme Court of Pennsylvania — Judges seats in the Pennsylvania Supreme Court s chambers in the Pennsylvania State Capitol Established May 22, 1722 …   Wikipedia

  • Supreme Court of Nevada — Jurisdiction United States …   Wikipedia

  • Supreme Court of Missouri — Missouri Supreme Court State Seal of Missouri Established 1841 Jurisdiction Missouri …   Wikipedia

  • Supreme Court of Ohio — Ohio Supreme Court Seal of the Supreme Court of Ohio Established 1841 Jurisdiction O …   Wikipedia

  • Supreme Court of Mississippi — Mississippi Supreme Court Established 1841 Jurisdiction Mississippi , United States …   Wikipedia

  • Supreme Court of Appeals of West Virginia — West Virginia Supreme Court Seal of the West Virginia Supreme Court Established 1863; 1872 Jurisdiction West Virginia …   Wikipedia

  • State supreme court — This article discusses the state supreme courts in the United States. See Australian court hierarchy for the counterparts in Australian states. See Supreme court for the highest court in a country. In the United States, the state supreme court… …   Wikipedia

  • Oregon Supreme Court — State Seal of Oregon Established 1841 Jurisdiction Oregon …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”