Aelbert Cuyp
The Negro Page circa 1652, oil on canvas; Royal Collection

Aelbert Jacobsz Cuyp (October 20, 1620 – November 15, 1691) was one of the leading Dutch landscape painters of the Dutch Golden Age in the 17th century. The most famous of a family of painters, the pupil of his father Jacob Gerritsz. Cuyp (1594–1651/52),[1] he is especially known for his large views of the Dutch countryside in early morning or late afternoon light.[2]

Contents

Biography

Aelbert Cuyp was born in Dordrecht on October 20, 1620, and also died there on November 15, 1691.[2] Known as the Dutch equivalent of Claude Lorrain, this landscape artist went on to inherit a considerable fortune. His family were all artists, with his uncle and grandfather being glass stainers. Jacob Gerritsz Cuyp, his father, was a portraitist.[3]

Paintings

Sunlight in his paintings rakes across the panel, accentuating small bits of detail in the golden light. In large, atmospheric panoramas of the countryside, the highlights on a blade of meadow grass, the mane of a tranquil horse, the horn of a dairy cow reclining by a stream, or the tip of a peasant's hat are all caught in a bath of yellow ocher light. The richly varnished medium refracts the rays of light like a jewel as it dissolves into numerous glazed layers. Cuyp's landscapes were based on reality and on his own invention of what an enchanting landscape should be.

The Maas at Dordrecht (National Gallery of Art, Washington DC)

Cuyp's drawings reveal him to be a draftsman of superior quality. Light-drenched washes of golden brown ink depict a distant view of the city of Dordrecht or Utrecht. A Cuyp drawing may look like he intended it to be a finished work of art, but it was most likely taken back to the studio and used as a reference for his paintings. Often the same section of a sketch can be found in several different pictures.

Cuyp signed many of his works but rarely dated them, so that a chronology of his career has not been satisfactorily reassembled. A phenomenal number of paintings are ascribed to him, some of which are likely to be by other masters of the golden landscape, such as Abraham Calraet (1642–1722), whose initials A.C. may be mistaken for Cuyp's.

However, not everyone appreciates his work and River Landscape (1660), despite being widely regarded as amongst his best work, has been described as having "chocolate box blandness".[4]

Later life

After he married Cornelia Boschman in 1658, the number of works produced by him declined almost to nothing. This may have been because his wife was a very religious woman and a very big patron of the arts. It could also be that he became more active in the church under his wife's guidance. He was also active as deacon and elder of the Reformed Church, and a member of the high court of Holland.[5]

References

  1. ^ Pioch, Nicholas (2002-07-14). "Cuyp". WebMuseum, Paris. http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/cuyp/. Retrieved 2007-04-19. 
  2. ^ a b Cole, Timothy (1894). "Old Dutch Masters. Aelbert Cuyp". Century Magazine 48 (1). http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Century_Magazine/Volume_48/Issue_1/Old_Dutch_Masters._Aelbert_Cuyp. Retrieved 2007-04-14. 
  3. ^ Kelly, Ned (2002-03-18). "Cuyp cake". New Statesman. http://www.newstatesman.com/200203180037. Retrieved 2007-04-19. 
  4. ^ "Aelbert Cuyp". National Gallery of Art. 2007. http://www.nga.gov/exhibitions/2001/cuyp/life.htm. Retrieved 2007-10-25. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aelbert Cuyp — Aelbert Jacobsz. Cuyp (* in Dordrecht, getauft Ende Oktober 1620; † ebenda, begraben 15. November 1691) war einer der bedeutendsten niederländischen Landschaftsmaler des 17. Jahrhunderts. Hafen von Dordrecht Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aelbert Cuyp — Albert Cuyp Albert Cuyp Nom de naissance Albert Jacobsz. Cuyp Naissance 20 octobre 1620 Dordrecht Décès enterré le 15 novembre 1695 Dordrecht Nationalité néerlandaise …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aelbert Jacobsz. Cuyp — (* in Dordrecht, getauft Ende Oktober 1620; † ebenda, begraben 15. November 1691) war einer der bedeutendsten niederländischen Landschaftsmaler des 17. Jahrhunderts. Hafen von Dordrecht Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cuyp, Jacob Gerritsz — ▪ Dutch painter in full  Jacob Gerritszoon Cuyp,  Cuyp also spelled  Cuijp   born December 1594, Dordrecht, Neth. died 1652, Dordrecht       Dutch Baroque painter, best known for his portraits. He broke with the family tradition of glass painting …   Universalium

  • Cuyp — The surname Cuyp (sometimes spelled Kuyp) is shared by three painters who lived during the Dutch Golden Age: Jacob Gerritsz. Cuyp (1594–1651 or 1652) his half brother Benjamin Gerritsz Cuyp (1612–1652) Jacob s son Aelbert Cuyp (1620–1691), the… …   Wikipedia

  • Cuyp — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Abraham Gerritsz. Cuyp (1588–1644), holländischer Maler und Glasmaler Aelbert Jacobsz. Cuyp (1620–1691), holländischer Maler Benjamin Gerritsz. Cuyp (1612–1652), holländischer Maler Gerrit Gerrits. Cuyp… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cuyp — [koip] Aelbert or Aalbert Aelbert [äl′bert] 1620 91; Du. painter …   English World dictionary

  • Cuyp —   [kœjp], Aelbert, niederländischer Maler, * Dordrecht Oktober 1620, begraben ebenda 15. 11. 1691; war in seinen Frühwerken abhängig von J. van Goyen, später von J. Both. Mit seinen lichtdurchfluteten Stimmungslandschaften mit verschwimmendem… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Cuyp, Aelbert — ▪ Dutch painter in full  Aelbert Jacobszoon Cuyp,  Aelbert also spelled  Albert,   Cuyp also spelled  Cuijp  baptized Oct. 20, 1620, Dordrecht, Neth.   buried Nov. 15, 1691, Dordrecht  Dutch painter of the Baroque period who is known for his… …   Universalium

  • Cuyp, Benjamin Gerritsz — ▪ Dutch painter Cuyp also spelled  Cuijp   born December 1612, Dordrecht, Neth. died Aug. 28, 1652, Dordrecht       Dutch artist who painted landscapes, genre scenes, battle pieces, and religious subjects in a Baroque style that appears to have… …   Universalium

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