Saint Quentin

:"This article is about the saint. For places named after him, see Saint-Quentin and San Quintin."

Infobox Saint
name=Saint Quentin
birth_date=unknown
death_date=c. 287
feast_day=October 31
venerated_in=Roman Catholic Church


imagesize=200px
caption=The martyrdom of Saint Quentin, from a 14th century manuscript
birth_place=
death_place=Saint-Quentin, France
titles=Martyr
beatified_date=
beatified_place=
beatified_by=
canonized_date=
canonized_place=
canonized_by=
attributes=depicted as a young man with two spits; as a deacon; with a broken wheel; with a chair to which he is transfixed; with a sword; or beheaded, a dove flying from his severed head
patronage=bombardiers, chaplains, locksmiths, porters, tailors, and surgeons. Invoked against coughs, sneezes, and dropsy
major_shrine=Saint-Quentin, France;
suppressed_date=
issues=

Saint Quentin (d. circa 287 AD), Quintinus in Latin, is an early Christian saint. No real details are known of his life.

Hagiography

Martydom

The legend of his life has him as a Roman citizen who was martyred in Gaul. He is said to have been the son of a man named Zeno, who had senatorial rank. Filled with apostolic zeal, Quentin traveled to Gaul as a missionary with Saint Lucian, who was later martyred at Beauvais and others (the martyrs Victoricus and Fuscian are said to have been Quentin's followers). Quentin settled at Amiens and performed many miracles there. Because of his preaching, he was imprisoned by the "prefect" Rictiovarus, who had traveled to Amiens from Trier. Quentin was manacled, tortured repeatedly, but refused to abjure his faith. The prefect left Amiens to go to Reims, the capital of "Gallia Belgica", where he wanted Quentin judged. But, on the way, in a town named "Augusta Veromanduorum" (now Saint-Quentin, Aisne), Quentin miraculously escaped and again started his preaching. Rictiovarus decided to interrupt his journey and pass sentence: Quentin was tortured again, then beheaded and thrown secretly into the marshes around the Somme, by Roman soldiers.

First "inventio"

Fifty-five years later, a blind woman named Eusebia, born of a senatorial family, came from Rome (following a divine order)and miraculously rediscovered ("inventio" : discovery) the corpse and head (the place was unknown and she found it by prayer). The intact remains of Quentin came into view, arising from the water and emanating an "odor of sanctity" . She buried his body at the top of a mountain near "Augusta Veromanduorum" (because the chariot where the saint's body lay, could not go further). She built a small chapel to protect the tomb and recovered her sight.

econd "inventio"

The life of bishop Saint Eligius (mainly written in seventh c.), says that the exact place of the tomb was forgotten and that the bishop, after several days of digging in the church, miraculously found it. When he found the tomb, the sky night was lit and the "odor of sanctity" was evident. This was said to be in 641. Recent archaeological research shows this to be false, because the location of the tomb had been marked by a sort of wooden monument since the middle of fourth or the beginning of fifth century.

Eligius distributed the nails with which Quentin's body had been pierced, as well as some saint's teeth and hair. As he was a skillful goldsmith, he placed the relics in a shrine he had fashioned himself. He also rebuilt the church (now the Saint-Quentin basilica).

Cult

The cult of Saint Quentin was important during Middle Ages, especially in Northern France. The tomb was an important place of pilgrimage, highly favoured by Carolingians (the church was one of the richest in Picardy).

This cult has three feasts:

October 31: martyrdom

June 24 : first "inventio"

January 3 : second "inventio"

External links

* [http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=134 Catholic Online: Saint Quentin]
* [http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/1031.htm#quen Saints of October 31: Quentin]


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