Inner Temple

The Honourable Society of the Inner Temple is one of the four Inns of Court around the Royal Courts of Justice in London which may call members to the Bar and so entitle them to practise as barristers. (The other Inns are Middle Temple, Gray's Inn and Lincoln's Inn.)

The Temple was occupied in the twelfth century by the Knights Templar, who gave the area its name, and built the Temple Church which survives as the parish church of the Inner Temple and Middle Temple. The Inner Temple was first recorded as being used for legal purposes when lawyers' residences were burned down in Wat Tyler's revolt. It is an independent extra-parochial area, historically not governed by the City of London Corporation (although geographically within the boundaries and liberties of the City of London) and equally outside the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Bishop of London.

The Inn suffered heavily from wartime bombing between September 1940 and May 1941, because of its proximity to the Thames. The buildings destroyed included the Library and the Hall although others, such as 2 King's Bench Walk, were fortunate to survive.

The oldest surviving buildings in the Inner Temple date from the seventeenth century and are on King's Bench Walk (named after the King's Bench Office which was there until the nineteenth century), though the first storey of the Knights Templars' medieval buttery (where food was served) survives as part of the larger building that contains the rebuilt Inner Temple Hall. Many other parts of the Inn are Victorian.

The Temple is often used as a location for both television and cinema.

Inner Temple is also one of the few remaining liberties, an old name for a geographic division. Middle Temple is another.

Famous members

*Baron Henry de Worms, First Lord of Pirbright
*Geoffrey Chaucer (reputed)
*Cecil Rhodes
*Bram Stoker
*Mohandas Gandhi
* Prince Constantin Karadja [http://www.innertemple.org.uk/archive/famous_members.html] , Romanian diplomat and Righteous Among the Nations
*John Maynard Keynes
*Clement Atlee
*Jawaharlal Nehru
*Thomas de Littleton
*William Catesby
*Sir Edward Coke
*Sir Henry Fielding Dickens KC
*Sir Francis Drake
*Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester
*Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex
*Christopher Hatton
*Sir Ernest de Silva
*Thomas Morton, a member of the associated Inn of Chancery Clifford's Inn
*William Wycherly
*Judge Jeffreys
*James Boswell
*Samuel Johnson (resided at the Inner Temple for a period, though not a member)
*William Paca
*Karl Pearson, and his father William Pearson, QC
*George Phillippo
*Thomas Hughes
*William Schwenk Gilbert
*Francis William Reitz, president of the Orange Free State
*Ivy Williams, the first female barrister
*A.J.P. Taylor
*Seretse Khama, president of Botswana (admitted 1946)
*Derry Irvine
*Lord Woolf
*Elizabeth Butler-Sloss
*Jack Straw
*Sir Albert Margai, second Prime Minister of Sierra Leone
*Michael Howard
*John Mortimer (whose best-known creation, Horace Rumpole, was also an Inner Templar)
*Richard Searby
*Thomas Willing
*Musa Alami
*Tunku Abdul Rahman, the first Prime Minister of Malaysia
* Sir Nicholas Slanning
*Roger Ludlow

External links

* [http://www.innertemple.org.uk Inner Temple website]

* [http://www.temple2008.org/ 2008 Temple Festival website]

* [http://www.innertemplecatering.org.uk Inner Temple Banqueting website]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Inner Temple — Temple Tem ple, n. [AS. tempel, from L. templum a space marked out, sanctuary, temple; cf. Gr. ? a piece of land marked off, land dedicated to a god: cf. F. t[ e]mple, from the Latin. Cf. {Contemplate}.] 1. A place or edifice dedicated to the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Inner Temple — (spr. templ), einer der Inns of Court (s. d. und Barrister) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Inner Temple — See barrister. Collins dictionary of law. W. J. Stewart. 2001 …   Law dictionary

  • Inner Temple — see INNS OF COURT n …   English World dictionary

  • Inner Temple — Wappen der vier Anwaltskammern (Inns of Court). Inner Temple s ist links unten dargestellt. Temple Ch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Inner Temple — El estilo de esta traducción aún no ha sido revisado por terceros. Si eres hispanohablante nativo y no has participado en esta traducción puedes colaborar revisando y adaptando el estilo de ésta u otras traducciones ya acabadas …   Wikipedia Español

  • Inner Temple — armoiries combinant celles des quatre Inns of Court. Celles de l Inner Temple constitue le 3e quartier, en bas à gauche. L Honorable Societé de l Inner Temple (en anglais The Honourable Society of the Inner Temple) est l une des quatre Inns of… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Inner Temple —    One of the Inns of Court (q.v.).    Occupies the eastern half of the Temple precincts, between Inner Temple Lane and Middle Temple Lane.    The Fire of 1666 was stopped here.    Many of the buildings were destroyed by fire in 1677, including… …   Dictionary of London

  • Inner Temple — 1. See under Inns of Court (def. 1). 2. See under temple1 (def. 10). * * * Inner Temple, 1. one of the four legal societies of London that constitute the Inns of Court. 2. the buildings belonging to it …   Useful english dictionary

  • Inner Temple — Inner Tem|ple, the a London organization of law students and ↑barristers and the buildings they use, which is the oldest of the four Inns of Court …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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