- Aberfoyle, Stirling
infobox UK place
country = Scotland
population= 576 [cite web|publisher=Scotland's Census Results Online|title =Comparative Population Profile: Aberfoyle Locality | url=http://www.scrol.gov.uk/scrol/browser/profile.jsp?profile=Population&mainArea=aberfoyle&mainLevel=Locality | date = 2001-04-29| accessdate =2008-08-31 ] (2001 census)
est. 650http://www.gro-scotland.gov.uk/statistics/publications-and-data] (2006)
postcode_district = FK8
Aberfoyle (Scottish Gaelic: "Obar Phuill") is a
villagein the region of Stirling, Scotland, convert|27|mi northwest of Glasgow.
The town is situated at the base of
Craigmore(convert|1271|foot|disp=s high) and on the Laggan, a head-water of the River Forth. Since 1885, when the Duke of Montroseconstructed a road over the eastern shoulder of Craigmore to join the older road at the entrance of the Trossachspass, Aberfoyle has become the alternative route to the Trossachs and Loch Katrine; this road, known as the Duke's Road or Duke's Pass, was opened to the public in 1931 when the Forestry Commissionacquired the land. Loch Ard, about two miles (3 km) west of Aberfoyle, lies convert|105|ft above the sea. It is three miles (5 km) long (including the narrows at the east end) and one mile (1½ km) broad. Towards the west end is Eilean Gorm ("the green isle"), and near the north-western shore are the falls of Ledard. Two miles northwest is Loch Chon, at convert|90|ft above the sea, 1¼ miles (2 km) long, and about half a mile broad. It drains by the Avon Dhu to Loch Ard, which is drained in turn by the Laggan.
slatequarries on Craigmore which operated from the 1820s to the 1950s are now defunct; at its peak this was a major industry. Other industries included an ironworks, established in the 1720s, as well as wool spinning and a lint mill. In 1880 a railway line from Glasgow, via Dumgoyne, to Aberfoyle was established. However the line was closed in 1959.
The above industries have since died out, and Aberfoyle is supported mainly by the forestry industry and tourism. [ [http://www.undiscoveredscotland.co.uk/aberfoyle/aberfoyle/index.html Aberfoyle Feature Page on Undiscovered Scotland] ]
Visitors were first attracted to Aberfoyle and the surrounding area after the publication of "The Lady of the Lake" by
Sir Walter Scottin 1810. The poem described the beauty of Loch Katrine. Aberfoyle describes itself as "The Gateway to the Trossachs", and is well situated for visitors to access attractions such as Loch Lomondand Inchmahome Prioryat the Lake of Menteith. A tourist information office run by VisitScotlandsits in the centre of town, offering free information, selling souvenirs and acting as a booking office for many of the local B&B's and hotels. Aberfoyle is also part of the Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park. [ [http://www.perthshire-scotland.co.uk/aberfoyle2.htm About Aberfoyle] ]
Aberfoyle has connections to many historical figures such as Rob Roy and Mary Queen of Scots. Robert Roy MacGregor was born at the head of nearby Loch Katrine, and his well known cattle stealing exploits took him all around the area surrounding Aberfoyle. There currently stands a tree in the village that MacGregor was reputed to have climbed and hid in to escape the clutches of the law. Also, Mary Queen of Scots visited nearby Inchmahome Priory often as a child, and during her short reign. She also used the priory during her short reign, particularly in 1547, where she felt safe from the English Army.
However, the most local historical figure is the Reverend Robert Kirk, born in 1644. It was the Rev. Kirk who provided the first translation into Gaidhlig of the Book of Psalms, however, he is better remembered for the publication of his book "The Secret Commonwealth of Elves, Fauns, and Fairies" in 1661. Kirk had long been researching fairies, and the book collected several personal accounts and stories of folk who claimed to have encountered them. It was after this, while Kirk was minister of Aberfoyle parish, that he died in unusual circumstances.
Kirk had long believed that the local Doon Hill (or Fairy Knowe as it is more commonly known), was the gateway to the "Secret Commonwealth", or the land of the Fairies. It was a place that Kirk visited often, taking daily walks there from his manse. The story goes that the Fairies of Doon Hill were angry with the Rev. Kirk for going into the domain of the Unseelie court, where he had been warned not to go, and decided to imprison him in Doon Hill - for one night in May 1692, the Rev. Kirk went out for a walk to the hill, in his nightshirt. Some accounts claim that he simply vanished, however he suddenly collapsed. He was found and brought home, but died soon afterwards. He was buried in his own kirkyard, although local legends claim that the fairies took his body away, and the coffin contains only stones. The huge pine tree that still stands at the top of Doon Hill is said to contain Kirk's imprisoned spirit.
Kirk's cousin, Graham of Duchray, was then to claim that the spectre of Kirk had visited him in the night, and told him that he had been carried off by the Fairies. Having left his widow expecting a child, the spectre of Kirk told Graham that he would appear at the baptism, whereupon Graham was to throw an iron knife at the apparition, thus freeing Kirk from the Fairies' clutches. However when Kirk's spectre appeared, Graham was apparently too shocked by the vision to throw the knife, and Kirk's ghost faded away forever.
Today, visitors to Doon Hill write their wishes on pieces of white silk, or other white cloth, and tie them to the branches of the trees for the Fairies to grant. It is also said that if you run around the great pine tree at the summit seven times, then the Fairies will appear.
List of places in Stirling (district)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Aberfoyle — ist der Name mehrerer Orte: Aberfoyle (County Londonderry), Nordirland Aberfoyle (Stirling), Schottland Aberfoyle (Ontario), Kanada Aberfoyle (Texas), Vereinigte Staaten Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrer … Deutsch Wikipedia
Aberfoyle — Several places called Aberfoyle are known to Wikipedia: *Aberfoyle, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland *Aberfoyle, Stirling, Scotland *Aberfoyle, Ontario, Canada … Wikipedia
Aberfoyle — ABERFOYLE, a parish, in the county of Perth, 14 miles (W. by S.) from Doune, and 20 (W. by N.) from Stirling; containing 543 inhabitants. This place derives its name from the situation of the church, near the mouth of a rivulet called, in… … A Topographical dictionary of Scotland
Stirling (Unitary Authority) — Stirling Sruighlea Verwaltungssitz Stirling Fläche 2.187 km² (9.) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Stirling Smith Museum and Art Gallery — [http://www.smithartgallery.demon.co.uk Stirling Smith Art Gallery and Museum] is an institution based in Stirling, Central Scotland, dedicated to the promotion of cultural and historical heritage and the arts, from a local scale to nationally… … Wikipedia
Stirling (council area) — infobox Scotland council area Council= Stirling Sruighlea SizeRank= 9th Size= 2,187 km² Water= ? AdminHQ= Stirling ISO= GB STG ONS= 00RG PopulationRank= 26th PopulationDate= 2004 Population= 86,370 PopulationDensity=39 / km² CouncilDetails=… … Wikipedia
Aberfoyle — Rue principale de Aberfoyle. 56°10′52.32″N … Wikipédia en Français
List of places in Stirling (district) — This List of places in Stirling (district) is a list of links for any town, village, hamlet, castle, historic house, nature reserve. river, canal or other place of interest in Stirling district.compactTOC NOTOC A*Abbey Craig *Abbot of… … Wikipedia
Macdonald Forest Hills Hotel & Resort (Aberfoyle) — Macdonald Forest Hills Hotel & Resort country: United Kingdom, city: Aberfoyle (Kinlochard) Macdonald Forest Hills Hotel & Resort Location Set in 25 acres of landscaped grounds in the peaceful foothills of the Trossachs, the hotel is surrounded… … International hotels
Cowie, Stirling — The Caberboard fibreboard factory in Cowie Cowie is a village in the Stirling council area of Scotland. It lies on the minor B9124 road approximately 4 miles south east of Stirling and about a mile north of the A9 road. The United Kingdom… … Wikipedia