Helmold

Helmold of Bosau (ca. 1120 – after 1177) was a Saxon historian of the 12th century and a priest at Bosau near Plön. He was a friend of the two bishops of Oldenburg in Holstein, Vicelinus (died 1154) and Gerold (died 1163), who did much to Christianize the Polabian Slavs.

Helmold was born near Goslar. He grew up in Holstein, and received his instruction in Brunswick from Gerold, the future bishop of Oldenburg (1139-42). Later he came under the direction of Vicelinus, the Apostle of the Wends, first in the Augustinian monastery of Faldera, afterwards known as Neumünster (1147-53). He became a deacon about 1170, and finally became a parish priest in 1156 at Bosau on Großer Plöner See.

At Bishop Gerold's instigation Helmold wrote his "Chronica Slavorum", a history of the conquest and conversion of the Polabian Slavs from the time of Charlemagne (about 800) to 1171. The purpose of this chronicle was to demonstrate how Christianity and German nationality gradually succeeded in gaining a footing among the Wends, especially in the eastern portion of Holstein. As an eyewitness he gives a clear description in fluent Latin of Vicelinus's missionary labors, of the founding of the bishopric in Oldenburg, of the transfer of this bishopric to Lübeck when German commerce at the latter place had become more important than in the former city, of the spread of German influence among the Wends, of the merciless subjugation and extermination of these, and of the summoning to their lands of foreign settlers, principally Westphalian and Dutch. The work is divided into two parts: the first covers a period closing with the year 1168, while the second continues to the year 1171. This second part, however, was written subsequently to 1172.

Helmold drew his knowledge of the earliest period from the church history of Adam of Bremen and the Saxon records bearing on Henry IV, besides the life of Willehadus, the list of Ansgarius, and perhaps also a life of Vicelinus, but the summaries which he made of these records are unreliable. He is, however, the most important source of information for the history of his own period, his account of which rests on the verbal information of Vicelinus and of Gerold. His fund of information becomes noticeably meager after the latter's death in 1163. His trustworthiness was seriously questioned in the 19th century (see particularly Sehirren, "Beiträge zur Kritik holsteinischer Geschichtsquellen", Leipzig, 1876) owing to his antagonism towards the Archbishops of Bremen and his partiality for the Oldenburg-Lübeck bishopric, but it should not be supposed that be was guilty of an intentional falsification of facts. The chronicle was first published in 1556 at Frankfurt, and later in "Monumenta Germaniae Historica: Scriptores", XXI (1868), 11-99, and in "Script. rer. Germ."

Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony, was Helmold's patron. The chronicle was continued down to 1209 by Abbot Arnold of Lübeck.

References

*The "Chronica" were first edited by Siegmund Schorkel (Frankfort am Main, 1556). The best edition is by J.M. Lappenberg in "Monumenta Germaniae hist. scriptores", XXI (1868).
*For critical works on the "Chronica" see August Potthast, "Bibliotheca hist. medaevius. Helmoldus".
*Wattenbach, "Deutschlands Geschichtsquellen", II (1894), 338-41.
*Potthast, "Bibliotheca historica", I (1896), 576.
*"This article incorporates text from the 1913 "Catholic Encyclopedia" article " [http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Catholic_Encyclopedia_%281913%29/Helmold?oldid=342731 Helmold] " by Patricius Schlager, a publication now in the public domain."
*1911|article=Helmold|url=http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Helmold
*"Helmold Of Bosau". "Encyclopædia Britannica 2006 Ultimate Reference Suite DVD". Accessed May 14, 2007.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Helmold — ist der Name folgender Personen: Helmold von Bosau (um 1120–1177), deutscher Geistlicher und Chronist Helmold I. von Höckelheim Helmold I. (Schwerin) († 1196), Graf zu Schwerin von 1185 bis 1194 Helmold II. von Plesse (1191–1226) Helmold II.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Helmold — • A historian, born in the first half of the twelfth century; died about 1177 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Helmold     Helmold      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Helmold — von Bosau Helmold von Bosau, né vers 1120 près de Goslar, mort après 1177 à Bosau, était un chroniqueur et ecclésiastique saxon du XIe siècle. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Chronica slavorum …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Helmold — Helmold, Priester in Bosov unweit Plön im 12. Jahrh.; schr. Chronicon Slavorum (von Karl dem Großen bis 1170), meist nach Adam von Bremen, nur die des 12. Jahrh. ist als Original wichtig; zuerst herausgegeben von Melanchthon, von Bangert, Lüb.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Helmold — Helmold, Geschichtschreiber des 12. Jahrh., gebürtig aus Holstein, Priester zu Bosau unweit Plön, war mit den Bischöfen von Oldenburg, Vicelin (gest. 1154) und Gerold (gest. 1163), die das Christentum bei den Slawen verbreiten halfen, befreundet… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Helmold — Helmold, Geschichtschreiber des 12. Jahrh., geb. in Holstein, Landpfarrer zu Bosau am Plöner See, verfaßte das von Karl d. Gr. bis 1171 reichende »Chronicon Slavorum«, hg. in Pertz »Monumenta Germaniae historica« (Bd. 21, deutsch, 2. Aufl. 1889) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Helmold — Helmold, ein Geistlicher zu Bosov bei Plön im Holsteinʼschen, schrieb im 12. Jahrh. ein Chronicon Slavorum, das von Karl d. Gr. bis 1170 reichte und vom Abt Arnold zu Lübeck bis 1209 fortgesetzt wurde. Melanchthon, Leibnitz u.a. gaben es heraus,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Helmold — althochdeutscher Ursprung, Bedeutungszusammensetzung aus: »Helm« und »herrschen« …   Deutsch namen

  • Helmold — auf den gleich lautenden deutschen Rufnamen (helm + walt) zurückgehender Familienname …   Wörterbuch der deutschen familiennamen

  • Helmold IV. von Plesse — (* um 1230; † nach dem 1. Januar 1268 und vor dem 24. November 1269) entstammte einem edelfreien Geschlecht aus dem Stammesherzogtum Sachsen und gehörte der älteren Linie seines Geschlechts an. Helmold IV. war Mitbesitzer der Plesse, einer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”