National Taiwan University

National Taiwan University
National Taiwan University
國立臺灣大學

seal of the National Taiwan University
Motto 敦品勵學,愛國愛人 (Chinese)
Motto in English Integrity, Diligence, Patriotism and Philanthropy
Established Founded 1928[1]
Reorganized 1945
Type Public (National)
President Lee, Si-chen (李嗣涔)
Academic staff 1,793 (full time),
1,188 (joint and adjunct)
Undergraduates 17,706
Postgraduates 15,710
Location Daan, Taipei, Taiwan
25°00′58″N 121°32′10″E / 25.016°N 121.536°E / 25.016; 121.536Coordinates: 25°00′58″N 121°32′10″E / 25.016°N 121.536°E / 25.016; 121.536
Campus Urban,
1.6 km² (Greater Taipei combined),
344 km² (Nantou County combined)
Former names Taihoku Imperial University
Affiliations ASAIHL
AACSB
Website ntu.edu.tw/english
National Taiwan University
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

National Taiwan University (NTU; 國立臺灣大學) is a national co-educational university located in Taipei, Republic of China (Taiwan). In Taiwan, it is colloquially known as "Táidà" (台大). Its main campus is set upon 1,086,167 square meters in Taipei's Da'an District. In addition, the university has 6 other campuses in Taiwan, occupying a total of 345,830,000 square meters.[2] Currently the University consists of 11 colleges, 54 departments, 96 graduate institutes and 4 research centers[3] and offers diplomas in over 100 fields of study.[citation needed]

NTU is a top-ranked university in Taiwan and placed among the best 95 universities in the world by several well-reputed rankings (HEEACT,[4] THE-QS World University Rankings 2009, Global University Ranking 2009,[5] Webometrics Ranking of World Universities[6]). In 2011, it was ranked 87th in the world by QS World University Rankings[7] and 21st in the QS Asian University Rankings.

NTU was founded in 1928 by the Japanese during the Japanese colonial era and was then known as the Taihoku (Taipei) Imperial University. After World War II and Taiwan's retrocession to Chinese sovereignty, the Republic of China government resumed the administration of Taihoku University and reorganized and renamed it National Taiwan University on November 15, 1945.[8]

NTU has strong ties with the Academia Sinica. NTU admits students based solely on merit, regardless of their race, religion, or gender. The female-to-male ratio among the undergraduate population is about 0.9:1.[citation needed]

Many influential individuals in Taiwanese society received their education at NTU, including government officials in both pan-blue and pan-green camps. The university also produced one Nobel prize laureate, Lee Yuan-tseh (Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1986),[9] the first Taiwanese to receive the prize.

Contents

History

National Taiwan University has its origins in the Taihoku Imperial University (台北帝國大學, Taihoku Teikoku Daigaku) founded by Taiwan's Japanese colonial government in 1928 as a member of the imperial university system administered by the Empire of Japan.[8]

The school's first president was Taira Shidehara.[8] The Taihoku Imperial University began with a College of Liberal Arts and Law and a College of Science and Agriculture serving 60 students. The university was intended mainly for Japanese nationals; few Taiwanese students were admitted. The College of Medicine and the College of Engineering were added in 1936 and 1943, respectively. After World War II the incoming Republic of China government reorganized the school as an institution for Chinese-speaking students. The school was renamed the National Taiwan University on 15 November 1945 and Lo Tsung-lo was appointed as its president.[8]

Today, the National Taiwan University serves nearly 30,000 students through 11 colleges, 54 departments, and 96 graduate institutes (which offer 96 master's programs and 83 doctoral programs).[3] A new library, built in 1998, now contains over 3 million volumes. In 2010, the university is scheduled to merge with the National Taipei University of Education, the city's oldest institution of higher learning.

University emblem

The emblem with the figure of the plum blossom, the blue-and-white background and the thunder-and-cloud line pattern combine the spiritual ideals of the nation and its cultural traditions, as well as those of all members of the university community.[10]

  • The University Motto: "Integrity, Diligence, Patriotism and Philanthropy," the cornerstone of NTU philosophy and personal comportment;
  • The Fu Bell: A reminder of discipline and enlightenment; and
  • The University Tree: The royal palm as a symbol of growth and nurture, broad vision and steadfast willpower.[10]

Academics

NTU offers the bachelor's degree, master's degree, and doctorate degree in many disciplines. Students are given the flexibility to select courses offered by any colleges; however, compulsory subjects designated for each major needs to be completed to be awarded a degree. A student must declare a major during college application, some majors are more competitive than others and require a higher national examination score. Traditionally, medicine, electrical engineering, and law are the three most selective majors. Most majors take four years to complete while the medical degree takes seven years to finish.

NTU requires most of its undergraduate students to take a mandatory core curriculum, comprising Chinese, freshman English, physical education, and public service. The medical school in addition dictates each of its students to take philosophy and sociology classes as well as seminars in ethics and thanatology. Military training is no longer an obligatory course for males, but it is a prerequisite if the student plans to be an officer during his mandatory military service.

Organization

The original building housing the National Taiwan University Hospital in Taipei. The Shin Kong Life Tower appears in the background.

The president heads the university. Each college is headed by a dean, and each department by a chairman. Students elect their own representatives each year to attend administrative meetings.

The colleges in NTU are:

  • College of Liberal Arts
  • College of Science
  • College of Social Science
  • College of Medicine
  • College of Engineering
  • College of Bio-resource and Agriculture
  • College of Management
  • College of Public Health
  • College of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
  • College of Law
  • College of Life Science
  • School of Dentistry
  • School of Pharmacy

The International Chinese Language Program (ICLP), founded by Stanford University, is located at National Taiwan University.

GMBA (Global MBA)

The Global M.B.A. program is an AACSB accredited international business management masters program that is conducted in English. With a 50/50 mix of international and local students, the program integrates academic and cultural knowledge and real-life practices of the Eastern and Western world. Students in the program have the opportunity for real life joint consulting projects partnering with top business schools such as University of Pennsylvania's Wharton Business School. Core classes include Marketing Management, Organizational Behavior, Financial Management, Managerial Economics, Information Management and Managerial Accounting.

The Global MBA program at NTU is recognized as one of the top business programs in Asia. Graduates have been recruited for premier jobs in Taiwan, China, and Singapore. The program has an acceptance rate of slightly under 10%(1000+ applicants yearly). The Global MBA student body is led by Global MBA Student Council, whom coordinate and promote the activities of student body to ensure a well rounded MBA experience.

Campus

The University has six campuses in the greater Taipei region (including New Taipei City) and two additional campuses in Nantou County, amounting to nearly 1% of the total area of the Taiwan island. The University governs farms, forests, and hospitals for educational and research purposes. The main campus (interactive map) is situated in Taipei's Daan district near Gongguan, where most college department buildings and all the administrative buildings are located. Notable exceptions are the College of Law, the College of Social Science, and the College of Medicine, which are located near the Presidential Building.

The six campuses are:

  • Main Campus (No.1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei, Taiwan)
  • College of Law, Social Sciences and Public Health (No.21, XuZhou Road, Taipei, Taiwan)
  • College of Medicine (No. 1, Sec.1, RenAi Road, Taipei, Taiwan)
  • University Hospital (No. 7, ZhongShan South Road, Taipei, Taiwan)
  • University Farm (No.7, Jiu-kuang Road, Xindian, New Taipei, Taiwan)
  • Wenshan Botanical Garden (No.4, Lei-kung Po, Geh-tou Tsun, Shiding, New Taipei, Taiwan)

Research Stations

The three research stations are:

  • Highland Farm (No.136, Jen-heh Road, Ta-tung Tsun, Jen-ai, Nan-tou County, Taiwan
  • Experimental Forest
  • Department of Forestry (No. 12, Sec.1, Chien-shan Road, Shiang-shan, Nan-tou County, Taiwan)

University Presidents

Presidents of Taihoku Imperial University:

  • Taira Shidehara (幣原坦): March 1928-September 1937
  • Sadanori Mita (三田定則): September 1937-April 1941
  • Masatsugu Ando (安藤正次): April 1941-March 1945
  • Kazuo Ando (安藤一雄): March 1945-August 1945

Presidents of National Taiwan University:

  • Lo Tsung-lo (羅宗洛): August 1945-July 1946
  • Lu Chih-houng (陸志鴻): August 1946-May 1948
  • Chuang Chang-kung (莊長恭): June 1948-December 1948
  • Fu Szu-nien (傅斯年): January 1949-December 1950
  • Shen Kang-po (沈剛伯): December 1950-January 1951
  • Chien Szu-liang (錢思亮): January 1951-May 1970
  • Yen Cheng-hsing (閻振興): June 1970-July 1981
  • Yu Chao-Chung (虞兆中): August 1981-July 1984
  • Sun Chen (孫震): August 1984-February 1993
  • Kou Guang-hsiung (郭光雄): March 1993-July 1993
  • Chen Wei-Jao (陳維昭): August 1993-June 2005
  • Lee Si-Chen (李嗣涔): August 2005-

Alumni

NTU alumni are influential in the politics of Taiwan as well as in academics.

Notes

See also

External links


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