Abd ar-Rahman II

Abd ar-Rahman II (Arabic: عبد الرحمن الثاني‎) (788–852) was Umayyad Emir of Córdoba in the Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia) from 822 until his death.

He was born in Toledo, the son of Emir Al-Hakam I. In his youth he took part in the so-called "massacre of the ditch", when from 700 to 5,000 people come to pay homage to the princes who were killed by order of Al-Hakam.

He succeeded his father as Emir of Córdoba in 822 and engaged in nearly continuous warfare against Alfonso II of Asturias, whose southward advance he halted (822–842). In 837, he suppressed a revolt of Christians and Jews in Toledo. He issued a decree by which the Christians were forbidden to seek martyrdom, and he had a Christian synod held to forbid martyrdom.

In 844, Abd ar-Rahman repulsed an assault by Vikings who had disembarked in Cadiz, conquered Seville (with the exception of its citadel) and attacked Córdoba itself. Thereafter he constructed a fleet and naval arsenal at Seville to repel future raids.

He responded to William of Septimania's requests of assistance in his struggle against Charles the Bald's nominations.

Abd ar-Rahman was famous for his public building program in Córdoba where he died in 852. A vigorous and effective frontier warrior, he was also well-known as a patron of the arts.[1] He was also involved in the execution of the "Martyrs of Córdoba".

References

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Abd ar-Rahman II
Banu Umayyah
Cadet branch of the Banu Quraish
Died: 852
Preceded by
al-Hakam I
Emir of Cordoba
822–852
Succeeded by
Muhammad I



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  • Abd ar-Rahman II. — Abd ar Rahman II. (arabisch ‏عبد الرحمن بن الحكم‎, DMG ʿAbd ar Raḥman ibn al Ḥakam, auch Abd ar Rahman ibn al Hakam; * 792; † 852) war vierter Emir von Córdoba (822–852). Leben Abd ar Rahman II. wurde 822 Nachfolger seines Vaters al Hakam I …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abd ar-Rahman II — Abd al Rahman II Pour les articles homonymes, voir Abd al Rahman. Al Hakam Ier émir de Cordoue vie : 766 822 règne : 796 822 Omeyyades de Cordoue Émirat de Cordoue Califat de Cordoue Histoire d al Andalus Abû al Mutarraf Abd ar Rahman… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abd ar-Rahman II — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Abderramán II Obtenido de Abd ar Rahman II …   Wikipedia Español

  • Abd ar-Raḥmān IIʿ — ▪ Spanish Umayyad ruler       fourth Umayyad ruler of Muslim Spain who enjoyed a reign (822–852) of brilliance and prosperity, the importance of which has been underestimated by some historians.       ʿAbd ar Raḥmān II was the grandson of his… …   Universalium

  • 'Abd al-Rahmān II — Abd al Rahman II Pour les articles homonymes, voir Abd al Rahman. Al Hakam Ier émir de Cordoue vie : 766 822 règne : 796 822 Omeyyades de Cordoue Émirat de Cordoue Califat de Cordoue Histoire d al Andalus Abû al Mutarraf Abd ar Rahman… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abd al-Rahman II — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Abd al Rahman. Al Hakam Ier émir de Cordoue vie : 766 822 règne : 796 822 Omeyyades de Cordoue Émirat de Cordoue Califat de Cordoue Histoire d al Andalus Abû al Mutarraf Abd ar Rahman ben al Hakam ou… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 'Abd ar-Rahman III. — Abd ar Rahman III. arabisch ‏عبد الرحمن ‎  Abd ar Rahman, DMG ʿAbd ar Raḥmān (* 889; † 15. Oktober 961 in Córdoba) war achter Emir und erster …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ‘Abd ar-Rahman (name) — ‘Abd ar Rahman (Arabic: عبدالرحمن, Persian, Pashto script: عبدالرحمان) is a theophoric Arabic name that means servant of the Most Merciful , al Rahman being one of the 99 names of God. The name is also transliterated as Abdul Rahman, Abd al… …   Wikipedia

  • Abd ar-Rahman III. — Abd ar Rahman III. arabisch ‏ عبد الرحمن ‎  Abd ar Rahman, DMG ʿAbd ar Raḥmān (* 889; † 15. Oktober 961 in Córdoba) war achter Emir und erster Kalif von Córdoba von 912 bis 961. Abd ar Rahman III. war ein Großneffe von al Mundhir und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abd ar-Rahman — ist der Name mehrerer muslimischer Herrscher und Heerführer: Abd ar Rahman (Militär) († 732), maurischer Heerführer, starb in der Schlacht von Tours und Poitiers Abd ar Rahman I. (731–788), Emir von Córdoba in Andalusien von 756 bis 788 Abd ar… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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