Abd ar-Rahman II


Abd ar-Rahman II

Abd ar-Rahman II (Arabic: عبد الرحمن الثاني‎) (788–852) was Umayyad Emir of Córdoba in the Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia) from 822 until his death.

He was born in Toledo, the son of Emir Al-Hakam I. In his youth he took part in the so-called "massacre of the ditch", when from 700 to 5,000 people come to pay homage to the princes who were killed by order of Al-Hakam.

He succeeded his father as Emir of Córdoba in 822 and engaged in nearly continuous warfare against Alfonso II of Asturias, whose southward advance he halted (822–842). In 837, he suppressed a revolt of Christians and Jews in Toledo. He issued a decree by which the Christians were forbidden to seek martyrdom, and he had a Christian synod held to forbid martyrdom.

In 844, Abd ar-Rahman repulsed an assault by Vikings who had disembarked in Cadiz, conquered Seville (with the exception of its citadel) and attacked Córdoba itself. Thereafter he constructed a fleet and naval arsenal at Seville to repel future raids.

He responded to William of Septimania's requests of assistance in his struggle against Charles the Bald's nominations.

Abd ar-Rahman was famous for his public building program in Córdoba where he died in 852. A vigorous and effective frontier warrior, he was also well-known as a patron of the arts.[1] He was also involved in the execution of the "Martyrs of Córdoba".

References

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Abd ar-Rahman II
Banu Umayyah
Cadet branch of the Banu Quraish
Died: 852
Preceded by
al-Hakam I
Emir of Cordoba
822–852
Succeeded by
Muhammad I



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  • Abd ar-Rahman — ist der Name mehrerer muslimischer Herrscher und Heerführer: Abd ar Rahman (Militär) († 732), maurischer Heerführer, starb in der Schlacht von Tours und Poitiers Abd ar Rahman I. (731–788), Emir von Córdoba in Andalusien von 756 bis 788 Abd ar… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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