- Abd ar-Rahman II
He was born in Toledo, the son of Emir Al-Hakam I. In his youth he took part in the so-called "massacre of the ditch", when from 700 to 5,000 people come to pay homage to the princes who were killed by order of Al-Hakam.
He succeeded his father as Emir of Córdoba in 822 and engaged in nearly continuous warfare against Alfonso II of Asturias, whose southward advance he halted (822–842). In 837, he suppressed a revolt of Christians and Jews in Toledo. He issued a decree by which the Christians were forbidden to seek martyrdom, and he had a Christian synod held to forbid martyrdom.
In 844, Abd ar-Rahman repulsed an assault by Vikings who had disembarked in Cadiz, conquered Seville (with the exception of its citadel) and attacked Córdoba itself. Thereafter he constructed a fleet and naval arsenal at Seville to repel future raids.
Abd ar-Rahman was famous for his public building program in Córdoba where he died in 852. A vigorous and effective frontier warrior, he was also well-known as a patron of the arts. He was also involved in the execution of the "Martyrs of Córdoba".
ReferencesAbd ar-Rahman IIBanu UmayyahCadet branch of the Banu QuraishDied: 852
Emir of Cordoba
Umayyad Caliphs Family tree · Media Caliphs of Damascus
Emirs of Córdoba
Caliphs of Córdoba
(929–1031)Abd-ar-Rahman III · Al-Hakam II · Hisham II · Muhammad II · Sulayman · Hisham II · Sulayman · Ali ibn Hammud al-Nasir[H] · Abd ar-Rahman IV · Al-Qasim ibn Hammud al-Ma'mun[H] · Yahya ibn Ali al-Mu'tali[H] · Al-Qasim ibn Hammud al-Ma'mun[H] · Abd ar-Rahman V · Muhammad III · Yahya ibn Ali al-Mu'tali[H] · Hisham III
[H] indicates Hammudid usurpers
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