Lockheed EC-130
EC-130J
The EC-130J with its distinctive tail antennae is the only version currently in service.
Role Psychological and information operations
Manufacturer Lockheed Aircraft Co.
Lockheed Martin
Introduction 1995
Status Active
Primary user United States Air National Guard
Number built 7 EC-130J
Unit cost US$90 million
Developed from Lockheed C-130 Hercules
Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules

The Lockheed EC-130J is a modified C-130J Hercules used to conduct psychological operations (PSYOP) and civil affairs broadcast missions in the standard AM, FM, HF, TV and military communications bands. Missions are flown at the maximum altitudes possible to ensure optimum propagation patterns. The EC-130J flies during either day or night scenarios with equal success, and is air-refuelable. A typical mission consists of a single-ship orbit which is offset from the desired target audience. The targets may be either military or civilian personnel. The Commando Solo is operated exclusively by the 193d Special Operations Wing, which is based at the Harrisburg International Airport in Middletown, Pennsylvania.

Other EC-130 variants include the USAF EC-130H Compass Call and the since retired USAF EC-130E ABCCC and since retired US Navy EC-130Q TACAMO aircraft.

The EC-130H Compass Call is an airborne communications jamming platform. It was used extensively in the Gulf War and Operation Iraqi Freedom, disrupting Iraqi communications at both the strategic and tactical levels. It has also been used in Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan.

The ABCCC was the Airborne Battlefield Command and Control Center used as an airborne command post, while the EC-130Q TACAMO ("Take Charge and Move Out") served as a SIOP strategic communications link aircraft for the U.S. Navy's Fleet Ballistic Missile (FBM) submarine force and as a backup communications link for the USAF manned strategic bomber and intercontinental ballistic missile forces.

Contents

Design and development

The EC-130E Commando Solo entered service in 1978 as the EC-130E Coronet Solo with the Tactical Air Command (TAC). In 1983 the Coronet Solo's mission was transferred to the Military Airlift Command (MAC) and redesignated the EC-130E Volant Solo. With the formation of Air Force Special Operations Command, the mission was transferred to AFSOC and redesignated Commando Solo. Operations were consolidated under a single-AFSOC gained unit, the 193d Special Operations Wing (193 SOW) of the Pennsylvania Air National Guard. In the early 1990s the aircraft were upgraded and designated Commando Solo II. The EC-130E variants were replaced with new EC-130J Commando Solo III aircraft built by Lockheed Martin beginning in 2003.

Highly-specialized modifications have been made to the latest version of the EC-130J (Commando Solo III). Included in these mods are enhanced navigation systems, self-protection equipment, and the capability of broadcasting color television on a multitude of worldwide standards throughout the TV VHF/UHF ranges.

Secondary missions include command and control communications countermeasures (C3CM) and limited intelligence gathering. The three variants are EC-130 ABCCC, EC-130E Commando Solo, and the EC-130J Commando Solo. The version currently in service is the EC-130J, as the last EC-130E was retired from service in 2006.

Operational history

U.S. Military personnel assigned to the 4th Psychological Operations Group, 193d Special Operations Wing, Pennsylvania Air National Guard broadcast television and radio programming from on board an EC-130E aircraft, in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom.

The EC-130 was originally modified by using the mission electronic equipment from the EC-121S Coronet Solo. Soon after the 193rd SOG received its EC-130s, the unit participated in the rescue of US citizens in Operation Urgent Fury, acting as an airborne radio station informing those people on Grenada of the US military action. In 1989, Commando Solo was instrumental in the success of coordinated psychological operations in Operation Just Cause, again broadcasting continuously throughout the initial phases of the operation to help end the Manuel Noriega regime. In 1990 the EC-130 joined the newly formed Air Force Special Operations Command and has since been designated Commando Solo, with no change in mission.

More recently, in 1994, Commando Solo was utilized to broadcast radio and television messages to the citizens and leaders of Haiti during Operation Uphold Democracy. The EC-130s deployed early in the operation, highlighting the importance of PSYOP in avoiding military and civilian casualties. President Aristide was featured on the broadcasts which contributed significantly to the orderly transition from military rule to democracy.

The aircraft was also deployed during the 2010 Haiti earthquake, broadcasting a recording from Raymond Joseph (Haiti's ambassador to the United States) warning residents not to attempt to flee to the United States by sea. The aircraft also broadcast announcements of where earthquake victims can go for food and aid, news from Voice of America, and instructions on hygiene procedures to prevent disease.[1]

On the second day of Operation Odyssey Dawn, an EC-130J warned Libyan shipping "Libyan ships or vessels do not leave port, the Gaddafi regime forces are violating a United Nations resolution ordering the end to the hostilities in your country. If you attempt to leave port, you will be attacked and destroyed immediately. For your own safety do not leave port."[2] The unencrypted message in Arabic, French and English was recorded by a ham radio operator in the Netherlands.[3]

Variants

A Lockheed EC-130E Commando Solo II makes a pass over the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor.
EC-130E ABCCC 
EC-130E Coronet Solo 
EC-130E Commando Solo 
EC-130E Rivet Rider 
A version of the Commando Solo.[4]
EC-130H Compass Call 
EC-130J Commando Solo III 
EC-130Q 
EC-130V 
Airborne early warning and control variant used by USCG for counter-narcotics missions [5]

Aircraft on display

EC-130Q USN BuNo 159348, c/n 4601
TACAMO IV, ops with VQ-4, July 1975-July 1988; modified to TC-130Q, ops with VR-22, VXE-6; to Tinker AFB with VQ-3, VQ-4, "hack" aircraft as of December 1995. On static display by March 1997, same, March 2005.

Specifications

EC-130J Line Drawing.svg

Data from US Air Force Factsheet[6]

General characteristics

  • Crew: pilot, copilot, flight systems officer, mission systems officer; load master, five electronic communications systems operators (6+)
  • Length: 97.75 ft (29.7 m)
  • Wingspan: 132.6 ft (40.3 m)
  • Height: 38.8 ft (11.8 m)
  • Max takeoff weight: 155,000 lb (69,750 kg)
  • Powerplant: 4 × Rolls-Royce AE 2100D3 turboprop, 4,637 shp (3,458 kW)) each
  • Propellers: Dowty R391 6-blade composite propeller, 1 per engine

Performance

See also

Related development

Related lists

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lockheed EC-130 — EC 130 Un EC 130H en vuelo. Tipo Avión de operaciones psicológicas y de información Fabricantes …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lockheed DC-130 — DC 130 Hercules A DC 130H drone control aircraft passing over USS Chosin …   Wikipedia

  • Lockheed MC-130 — MC 130 MC 130H Combat Talon II. Tipo Avión de transporte militar de operaciones especiales Fabricante …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lockheed LC-130 — LC 130 Hercules Un LC 130 en un despegue asistido por cohetes desde Groenlandia. Tipo Avión de transporte equipado con esquís …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lockheed DC-130 — DC 130 Hercules Un DC 130H pasando sobre el USS Chosin (CG 65), se prepara para lanzar un par de aviones blanco AQM 34 Firebee durante unas pruebas del sistema de guerra antiaérea AEGIS del buque …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lockheed C-130 — Hercules …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lockheed KC-130 — Lockheed KC 130 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lockheed AC-130 — Spectre …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lockheed MC-130 — MC 130 MC 130H Combat Talon II Role STOL special operations …   Wikipedia

  • Lockheed AC-130 — AC 130 …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”