Principality of Serbia

Infobox Former Country
native_name = Кнежевина Србија
"Kneževina Srbija"
conventional_long_name = Principality of Serbia
common_name = Србија ("Srbija")|
continent = Europe
region = Balkans
country = Serbia
era =
status =
status_text=
empire =
government_type = Principality|

|
year_start = 1817 (1804-1817 War of liberation)
year_end = 1882|
event_start = Recognized by "Porte"
date_start = 1817smallsup|2
event_end = Raised to Kingdom
date_end = |
event1 = Statehood Day
date_event1 = February 15, 1835smallsup|3|
event2 = Internationally recognized
date_event2 = July 13, 1878smallsup|4
event3 =
date_event3 =
event4 =
date_event4 = |
event_pre =
date_pre =
event_post =
date_post = |

p1 = Serbian Despotate
flag_p1 = NemanjicCrnojevic.svg
image_p1 =
p2 = Ottoman Empire
flag_p2 = Ottoman_flag.svg
image_p2 =
s1 = Kingdom of Serbia
flag_s1 = Flag of Serbia (1882-1918).svg
image_s1 =





flag_type = Flag|


symbol = Coat of arms of Serbia
symbol_type = Coat of arms|



image_map_caption = Principality of Serbia after Berlin Congress in 1878|
capital = Kragujevacsmallsup|1
latd= |latm= |latNS= |longd= |longm= |longEW= |
national_motto =
national_anthem =
common_languages =
religion =
currency = |

leader = Knez ("Prince")
title_leader =
deputy1 =
deputy2 =
deputy3 =
deputy4 =
year_deputy1 =
year_deputy2 =
year_deputy3 =
year_deputy4 =
deputy =
title_deputy =

stat_year1 =
stat_area1 =
stat_pop1 =
stat_year2 =
stat_area2 =
stat_pop2 =
stat_year3 =
stat_area3 =
stat_pop3 =
stat_year4 =
stat_area4 =
stat_pop4 =
stat_year5 =
stat_area5 =
stat_pop5 =
footnotes =
1 Moved to Belgrade in 1838
2 "De jure" in the 1830 Hatt-i Sharif.
3 Outbreak of Serbian revolution/ First Constitution adopted
4 "De facto" independent since 1867, "de jure" by the Treaty of Berlin

The Serbian Principality (Serbian: Кнежевина Србија, "Kneževina Srbija") was a state in the Balkans that came into existence as a result of the Serbian revolution which lasted between 1804 and 1817. Its creation was negotiated first through an "unwritten" agreement between the leader of the Second Serbian Uprising Miloš Obrenović and Ottoman official Marashli Pasha (1817), which formally ended the Serbian revolution. It was followed by the series of legal documents published by the Porte in 1828, 1829 and finally, 1830- the Hatt-i Sharif.

History

Despite serious and extremely brutal oppression and revenge by the Ottoman authorities (that was especially evident between the revolutions), first Karađorđe and then Miloš Obrenović, the revolutionary leaders, have succeeded in their goal to liberate Serbia after centuries of Turkish rule. Turkish authorities have acknowledged this state in 1830 by the charter known as the Hatisherif, and Miloš became a hereditary prince of the Serbian Principality.

At first, the principality included only territory of former Pashaluk of Belgrade, but was in 1831-1833 expanded to east, south and west. In 1867 the Ottoman army was expelled from the Principality, "de facto" securing its independence. [http://globalanalyst.org/uploads/Yugo_ethnic.pdf] Serbia was further expanded to south-east in 1878, when it won full international recognition at the Treaty of Berlin. The Principality would last until 1882 when it was raised to the level of Kingdom of Serbia.

Rulers

The Principality was reigned by the Obrenović dynasty, except for a period when it was reigned by Prince Aleksandar of the Karađorđević dynasty. Princes Miloš and Mihailo Obrenović each had reigned twice.

List of princes of the principality:
*Miloš Obrenović (1815-1839) first reign
*Milan Obrenović (1839) reigned for only 26 days and died
*Mihailo Obrenović (1839-1842) first reign
*Aleksandar Karađorđević (1842-1858)
*Miloš Obrenović (1858-1860) second reign
*Mihailo Obrenović (1860-1868) second reign
*Milan Obrenović (1868-1882)

ee also

*History of Serbia
*Kingdom of Serbia

References

External links

* [http://www.terra.es/personal7/jqvaraderey/185915BK.gifPrincipality of Serbia in 1833]
* [http://www.canvasopedia.org/images/in-Img_Balkan-3.gifPrincipality of Serbia in 1878]
* [http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/historical/ward_1912/balkan_peninsula_1878.jpgBalkan Peninsula in 1878]
* [http://terkepek.adatbank.transindex.ro/kepek/netre/51.gifMap]
* [http://terkepek.adatbank.transindex.ro/kepek/netre/99.gifMap]

Maps


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Principality of Serbia (medieval) — For the sucessor state (1000 1101), see Duklja. For the third realm (1101–1217), see Serbian Grand Principality. For the modern monarchy (1817–1882), see Principality of Serbia. Serbian Principality Cрпска Кнежевина / Srpska Kneževina …   Wikipedia

  • Serbia (disambiguation) — Serbia may refer to:*Principality of Serbia (1815 1882) *Kingdom of Serbia (1882 1918) *a part of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (1918) *a part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918 1941), also known as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and… …   Wikipedia

  • Serbia in the Middle Ages — Тhe medieval history of Serbia begins in the 5th century AD with the Slavic invasion of the Balkans, and lasts until the Ottoman occupation of 1540. Contents 1 Early Middle Ages 1.1 Slavic invasion 1.2 First Serbian Principality …   Wikipedia

  • Serbia — Infobox Country native name = Република Србија Republika Srbija conventional long name = Republic of Serbia common name = Serbia| p1 = Yugoslavia flag p1 = Flag of Serbia and Montenegro.png s1 = flag s1 =| demonym = Serbian map caption = map… …   Wikipedia

  • Serbia under German occupation — Occupied territory Map Name of territory Serbia Србија Srbija Serbien Occupying power Nazi Germany …   Wikipedia

  • Principality of Nitra — principality early 9th century …   Wikipedia

  • Principality of the Pindus — Πριγκιπάτο της Πίνδου Printsipat di la Pind Principato del Pindo Proposed puppet state of Italy …   Wikipedia

  • Principality of Hum — was a medieval Serbian principality that existed between 12th and 14th century in Herzegovina region of present day Bosnia and Herzegovina. Between 12th and 13th century, the principality was ruled by princes from Nemanjić dynasty its first… …   Wikipedia

  • Serbia — /serr bee euh/, n. a former kingdom in S Europe: now, with revised boundaries, a constituent republic of Yugoslavia, in the N part; includes the autonomous provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina. 9,660,000; 34,116 sq. mi. (88,360 sq. km). Cap.:… …   Universalium

  • Principality of Bulgaria — Infobox Former Country native name = Княжество България Knyazhestvo Bulgaria conventional long name = Principality of Bulgaria common name = Bulgaria continent = Europe region = Balkans country = Bulgaria status = Vassal empire = Ottoman Empire… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”