- Patsy Donovan
Infobox MLB retired
March 16, 1865
deathdate=death date and age|1953|12|25|1865|3|16
debutteam= Boston Beaneaters
finalteam= Brooklyn Superbas
* Boston Beaneaters (by|1890)
* Brooklyn Bridegrooms/Superbas (by|1890), (by|1906–by|1907)
* Washington Statesmen/Senators (NL) (by|1891–by|1892)
St. Louis Cardinals(by|1900–by|1903)
* Washington Senators (AL) (by|1904)As Manager
Pittsburgh Pirates(by|1891), (by|1899)
St. Louis Cardinals(by|1901–by|1903)
* Washington Senators (by|1904)
* Brooklyn Superbas (by|1906–by|1908)
Boston Red Sox(by|1910–by|1911)
*National League pennant: 1890
*National League stolen base champion: 1900
*11 seasons with a .300+ batting average
*9 seasons with 30+ stolen bases
*6 seasons with 100+
*Managerial record: 684-879
Patrick Joseph "Patsy" Donovan (
March 16 1865– December 25 1953) was an Irish-American right fielderand manager in Major League Baseballwho played for several teams from by|1890 to by|1907, most notably the Pittsburgh Piratesand St. Louis Cardinals.
He batted .300 lifetime and set a major league record for career games in right field, as well as retiring among the career leaders in total games (5th, 1813), assists (9th, 264) and
double plays (5th, 69) as an outfielder. Donovan batted and threw left-handed.
Born in Queenstown,
County Cork, Donovan established himself as the most successful Irish-born major leaguer. He broke into organized baseball in by|1886 with the Lawrence, Massachusettsteam in the New England League.
Minor league career
In by|1888 and by|1889, Donovan played outfield for the
London Tecumsehsof the International Associationat Tecumseh Park (today's Labatt Park) in London, Ontario, Canada, where, in his first season in 1888, he led the league in batting with a .359 batting average (according to the Donovan family Web site; however, the London Tecumsehs' official scorer C.J. Moorehead, in a 1903 copy of "The London Advertiser", cited Donovan's 1888 batting average as .398), had 201 hits, scored 103 runs and stole 80 bases. His second season with the Tecumsehs was less successful due to a leg injury.
On to the major leagues
In 1890 he made his major league debut in the
National League(NL) with the Boston Beaneaters, and moved to the Brooklyn Bridegrooms in midseason; it would be the only time in his career that he played for a league champion. In by|1891 he played in the American Association (AA) for the Louisville Colonelsand Washington Statesmen; he then returned to the NL in by|1892, first with the Senators (the former Statesmen, who had joined the NL in a league merger) before going to the Pirates for most of the year.
Donovan starred with the Pirates from by|1893 through by|1899, notching six consecutive seasons batting .300 and serving as
player-managerin by|1897 and by|1899. The team was sold late in 1899, during a time when the league was contracting from twelve teams to eight; new owner Barney Dreyfussbrought in Fred Clarketo be manager, with Donovan being sent to the Cardinals. He played for St. Louis from by|1900–by|1903, sharing the league lead in stolen bases (45) in his first season, and also managed the team in his last three seasons with them.
By the end of the 1903 season he ranked among the NL's top ten career leaders in hits and
at bats, though he would drop from among the leaders before his playing career ended. His 64 career double plays in the NL ranked one behind Jimmy Ryan's league record. He then played for and managed the American League's Washington Senators in 1904, his last season as a regular.
In 1903, he broke
Sam Thompson's major league record of 1401 games in right field; Willie Keelerpassed him in 1906, before Donovan played his last several games and retired with a total of 1620. In by|1906, he became manager of the Brooklyn Superbas, and he made his last few playing appearances that year, along with one more game at the end of the by|1907 season.
In a 17-season playing career, Donovan had 2246 hits, 1318 runs, 16
home runs and 736 runs batted in in 1821 games, along with 207 doubles and 75 triples. An excellent runner, he collected 302 stolen bases from 1890 to 1897, and 216 more after the statistic was revised to its modern definition in 1898.
Donovan joined the
Boston Red Soxas a scout in by|1909, and managed the team in by|1910 and by|1911. As a major league manager, he compiled a 684-879 record (.438) in 11 seasons. He was also instrumental in bringing Babe Ruthto the Sox in by|1914 through his acquaintance with one of the Xaverian Brotherswho coached Ruth at a Baltimore orphans' home. Later he went to the International League, where he led Buffalo to pennants in by|1915 and by|1916, and also managed Jersey City in 1921-22 and 1925-26. He finished out his career coaching High School baseball at Phillips Academyin Andover, where he coached the future 41st President, George H.W. Bush.
Donovan died at the age of 88 in
Lawrence, Massachusettson Christmas Dayin 1953, and is interred at St. Mary Cemetery Lawrence.
* [http://lfpress.ca/newsstand/Today/Columnists/Reaney_James/2006/08/13/1752190-sun.htm "Patsy Donovan is remembered for a stellar season with the Tecumsehs" by James Reaney, "The London Free Press", August 13, 2006]
* [http://www.lawrencehistorycenter.org/lawrencestories/Spr03news.pdf "Baseball Star!" by Brian Sheehy, "Lawrence History News", Spring 2003]
List of major league players with 2,000 hits
List of major league players with 500 stolen bases
List of Major League Baseball players with 1000 runs
List of Major League Baseball players with 500 stolen bases
List of Major League Baseball stolen base champions
List of Major League Baseball players with 400 stolen bases
List of players from Ireland in Major League Baseball
* [http://www.baseball-reference.com/d/donovpa01.shtml Baseball-Reference.com] - career playing statistics and managing record
* [http://www.patsydonovan.com The Donovan family Web site]
* [http://www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/D/Donovan_Patsy.stm BaseballLibrary] - career highlights
* [http://www.baseball-almanac.com/players/player.php?p=donovpa01 Baseball Almanac]
* [http://www.thedeadballera.com/Obits/Donovan.Patsy.Obit.html The Deadball Era] - obituary
* [http://www.baseballireland.com/awards.htm Baseball Ireland]
* [http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/dgkeysearchdetail.cfm?strucID=137855 Brooklyn Baseball Club, 1907 season photo]
NAME = Donovan, Patsy
ALTERNATIVE NAMES = Donovan, Patrick Joseph
SHORT DESCRIPTION = Major League Baseball player, manager
DATE OF BIRTH = March 16, 1865
PLACE OF BIRTH = Queenstown, Ireland
DATE OF DEATH = December 25, 1953
PLACE OF DEATH = Lawrence, Massachusetts
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