Roger Fry

Roger Fry

Roger Eliot Fry (14 December 1866 – 9 September 1934) was an English artist and an art critic, and a member of the Bloomsbury group. Despite establishing his reputation as a scholar of the Old Masters, as he matured as a critic he became an advocate of more recent developments in French painting, to which he gave the name Post-Impressionism. The first figure to raise public awareness of modern art in Britain, he was described by the art historian Kenneth Clark as "incomparably the greatest influence on taste since Ruskin... In so far as taste can be changed by one man, it was changed by Roger Fry".

Life

Born in London, the son of the judge Edward Fry, he grew up in a wealthy Quaker family. Before going up to Cambridge, Fry was educated at Clifton College. Fry studied at King's College, Cambridge, where he was a member of the Cambridge Apostles. After taking a first in the Natural Science tripos, he went to Paris and then Italy to study art. Eventually he specialised in landscape painting.

In 1896, he married the artist Helen Coombe and they subsequently had two children, Pamela and Julian. However, Helen soon became seriously mentally ill. In 1910, she was committed to a mental institution, where she remained for the rest of her life. Fry took over the care of their children on his own.

In 1911, Fry began an affair with Vanessa Bell, who was then experiencing a difficult recovery from the birth of her son Quentin. Fry offered her the tenderness and care she felt was lacking from her husband, Clive Bell. They remained lifelong close friends, even though Roger's heart was broken in 1913 when Vanessa fell in love with Duncan Grant and decided to live permanently with him.

After short affairs with such artists as Nina Hamnett and Josette Coatmellec, Roger too found happiness with Helen Maitland Anrep. She became his emotional anchor for the rest of his life, although they never married (she too had had an unhappy first marriage, to the mosaicist Boris Anrep).

Fry died very unexpectedly due to a fall at his home. His death caused great sorrow among the members of the Bloomsbury Group, who loved him for his generosity and warmth. Vanessa Bell decorated his casket before he was buried at Kings College Chapel in Cambridge. Virginia Woolf, Vanessa's sister, novelist and a close friend of Roger as well, was entrusted with writing his biography, published in 1940.

Career

In the 1900s, Fry started to teach art history at the Slade School of Fine Art, University College London.

In 1906 Fry was appointed Curator of Paintings at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. This was also the year in which he "discovered" the art of Paul Cézanne, beginning the shift in his scholarly interests away from the Italian Old Masters and towards modern French art.

In 1910, Fry organised the exhibition "Manet and the Post-Impressionists" (a term which he coined) at the Grafton Galleries, London. Despite the derision with which the exhibition was met, Fry followed it up with the "Second Post-Impressionist Exhibition" in 1912. It was patronised by Lady Ottoline Morrell, with whom Fry had a fleeting romantic attachment.

In 1913 he founded the Omega Workshops, a design workshop based in London's Fitzroy Square, whose members included Vanessa Bell and Duncan Grant. In 1933, he was later appointed the Slade Professor at Cambridge, a position that Fry had much desired.

Works

*"Vision and Design" (1920)
*"Transformations" (1926)
*"Cézanne. A Study of His Development" (1927)
*"Henri Matisse" (1930)
*"French Art" (1932)
*"Reflections on British Painting" (1934)

References

*Virginia Woolf, "Roger Fry: a biography" (1940) ISBN 0-15-678520-X
*Frances Spalding, "Roger Fry, art and life" (1980) ISBN 0-520-04126-7

External links

* [http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/fry_roger.html Roger Fry at artcyclopedia.com]

Persondata
NAME=Fry, Roger
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Fry, Roger Eliot
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Art critic and painter
DATE OF BIRTH=14 December 1866
PLACE OF BIRTH=London, England, United Kingdom
DATE OF DEATH=9 September 1934
PLACE OF DEATH=


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  • Roger Fry — Roger Fry, Autoportrait Roger Eliot Fry (14 décembre 1866 9 septembre 1934), peintre et critique d art britannique, appartenait au Bloomsbury Group. L historien de l art Kenneth Clark voyait en lui le successeur de John Ruskin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Roger Fry — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Roger Eliot Fry (14 de diciembre de 1866 – 9 de septiembre de 1934) fue un artista y crítico inglés miembro del grupo de Bloomsbury. A medida que fue madurando como crítico se volvió un acerrimo defensor de la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Roger Fry — Selbstporträt Winterlandschaft, 1914 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Roger Fry — noun English painter and art critic (1866 1934) • Syn: ↑Fry, ↑Roger Eliot Fry • Instance Hypernyms: ↑painter, ↑art critic • Member Holonyms: ↑Bloomsbury Group …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fry (surname) — Fry is the surname of several people:*Abi Fry *Adam Fry (born 1985), British footballer *Adrian Fry (born 1969), British musician *Arthur Fry *Barry Fry *Bertha Fry *Birkett D. Fry *C. B. Fry (1872 1956), British sportsman, politician, writer,… …   Wikipedia

  • Fry — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Arthur Fry (* 1931), US amerikanischer Chemiker Christopher Fry (1907–2005), britischer Schriftsteller und Dramatiker Elizabeth Fry (1780–1845), britische Menschenrechtlerin Franklin Clark Fry (1900 1968) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fry — puede referirse a Roger Fry (1866–1934), artista postimpresionista y crítico inglés. Philip J. Fry, personaje de ficción. Fry, comuna de Sena Marítimo (Francia). Fry (Grecia), capital de la isla griega de Kasos Esta página de desambiguación cat …   Wikipedia Español

  • Roger Eliot Fry — Selbstporträt Roger Eliot Fry (* 14. Dezember 1866 in London; † 9. September 1934 ebenda) war ein englischer Maler und Kunstkritiker. Außerdem war er Mitglied der berühmten Bloomsbury Group. Fry gilt als wichtiger Vorläufer des Vortizismus. Der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fry, Roger — ▪ British art critic and painter in full  Roger Eliot Fry  born December 14, 1866, London, England died September 9, 1934, London       English art critic and artist, best known as the champion of the movement he termed Post Impressionism.… …   Universalium

  • Fry family (chocolate) — The Fry family was prominent in England especially Bristol, in the Society of Friends, and in the confectionery business in the 18th, 19th, and early 20th centuries.OriginsThe patriarch of the most important branch of the family was John Fry… …   Wikipedia


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