Commercy

Commercy

Broquet Commercy.jpg
War memorial
Commercy is located in France
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Commercy
Administration
Country France
Region Lorraine
Department Meuse
Arrondissement Commercy
Canton Commercy
Intercommunality Pays de Commercy
Mayor François Dosé
Statistics
Elevation 227–280 m (745–920 ft)
(avg. 232 m/761 ft)
Land area1 35.37 km2 (13.66 sq mi)
Population2 6,324  (1999)
 - Density 179 /km2 (460 /sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 55122/ 55200
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Coordinates: 48°45′43″N 5°35′33″E / 48.7619°N 5.5926°E / 48.7619; 5.5926

Commercy (French pronunciation: [kɔ.mɛʁ.si]) is a commune in the Meuse department in Lorraine in north-eastern France.

It is the home of the madeleines referred to by Marcel Proust in A la Recherche du Temps Perdu.[1]

Contents

History

The city was first mentioned in 823. Its name has been Commarchia (which means "sur la marche", i.e. at the border) and then Commercium during the Middle-Age.

After the marriage of the lord of Commercy with one of the daughters of the count of Saarbrücken in 1247, the city has belonged to the county of Saarbrücken for one century. In 1324, the count of Saarbrücken decided to divide his possessions between his sons. Commercy gained its independence from the county of Saarbrücken but the count of Saarbrücken kept a castle in the city, a few hundred meters from that of the lord of Commercy. The existence of two different castles in the city remained until the 1722.

Leopold Joseph, Duke of Lorraine bought the two castles in 1702 and 1722. From 1737 the French Princess Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans, Dowager Duchess of Lorraine, was the Sovereign Princess of Commercy till her death in 1744. She was the daughter of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans and Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate; she was the paternal grandmother of Marie Antoinette. The Principality then went to the Polish king Stanisław Leszczyński who was given the Duchy of Lorraine and Bar after losing his crown in 1736. After her death, the Château de Commercy was a residence of Stanisław Leszczyński.

Twin towns

It is twinned with the German town of Hockenheim.

See also

References

  1. ^ Proust, Marcel (1922). Du côté de chez Swann. À la recherche du temps perdu. Grasset and Gallimard. 

External links



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Commercy — Commercy …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Commercy — Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Commercy —   [kɔmɛr si], Stadt im Département Meuse, Frankreich, an der Maas, 6 400 Einwohner; Keramikmuseum.   Stadtbild:   Das Schloss (1708 17 und 1745 47; 1944 ausgebrannt, innen modern wiederhergestellt) umschließt mit Hauptbau und zwei Flügeln einen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Commercy — (spr. Kommersi), 1) Arrondissement im französischen Departement Meuse (Maas), 37 QM., 92,000 Ew. in 7 Cantonen; 2) Hauptstadt darin am linken Ufer der Maas; Civil u. Handelstribunal, College, Theater, Stadthaus, Kaufhalle, Schloß; man fertigt… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Commercy — (spr. érßi), Arrondissementshauptstadt im franz. Depart. Meuse, an der Maas und der Ostbahn, von schönem Wald umgeben, hat ein hübsches Schloß (im 17. Jahrh. erbaut, 1744 durch Stanislaus Leszczynski verschönert, jetzt Kavalleriekaserne), ein… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Commercy — (spr. ßih), Stadt im franz. Dep. Mease, an der Maas, (1901) 7724 E., Lehrerseminar, Schloß …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Commercy — (–ssi), frz. Stadt im Depart. der Maas, am linken Ufer des Flusses, mit 4100 E., Baumwollspinnereien und lebhaftem Handelsverkehr …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Commercy — 48° 45′ 43″ N 5° 35′ 34″ E / 48.7618598937988, 5.5926399230957 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Commercy — Original name in latin Commercy Name in other language Commercy, Komersi, Kommersi, ke mei er xi, komerushi, Комерси, Коммерси, Коммерсі State code FR Continent/City Europe/Paris longitude 48.76128 latitude 5.59067 altitude 235 Population 7138… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Commercy (Arrondissement) — Arrondissement Commercy Staat Frankreich Region Lothringen Département Meuse Unterpräfektur Commercy Einwohner – insgesamt –  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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