- Seoul National University
Seoul National University 서울대학교 Latin: Universitas Nationalis Seulensis Motto Veritas lux mea
(Latin, literal translation: "The truth is my light". non-literal: "The truth enlightens me".)
진리는 나의 빛
Established 1946 Type National Endowment KRW 134.2 billion
(USD 120.6 million)
President Oh Yeon-cheon, Ph.D. Academic staff 2,064 (2008) Admin. staff 991 (2008) Students 26,605 (2008) Undergraduates 16,006 Postgraduates 10,559 Doctoral students 2,602 Location Gwanak, Seoul, South Korea Campus Urban, 1.4 km2 (350 acres)
16.57 km2 (4,094 acres), including the arboretums and other campuses.
Colors Blue Mascot Crane Affiliations AEARU, APRU, BESETOHA, ARN Website www.snu.ac.kr Seoul National University Hangul 서울대학교 Hanja 서울大學校 Revised Romanization Seoul Daehakgyo McCune–Reischauer Sŏul TaehakkyoNote: The word 首尔大学 (traditional: 首爾大學) is frequently used in many Chinese contexts, as in Chinese Wikipedia. This is, however, not a traditional hanja name, because the Chinese characters used in the word do not represent the Korean sound of the word, but rather the Chinese. Thus it is merely a Chinese transliteration, rendered as Shǒuěr Dàxué in pinyin. Other names such as 汉城国立大学 have been used historically.
Seoul National University (SNU), colloquially known in Korean as Seoul-dae (서울대), is a national research university in Seoul, Korea, ranked 24th in the world in publications in an analysis of data from the Science Citation Index, 7th in Asia and 42nd in the world by the 2011 QS World University Rankings. and 13th in Asia and 124th in the world by the 2011 Times Higher Education World University Rankings. In 2009, the Ecole des Mines de Paris - MINES Paris Tech reported that SNU is ranked 5th in the world in terms of the number of alumni currently holding CEO positions in Fortune 500 enterprises. Among its prominent alumni are Ban Ki-moon (current Secretary-General of the United Nations), and LG and Samsung Electronics CEOs.
Founded in 1946, Seoul National University was the first national university in South Korea, and has served as a model for the many national and public universities in the country. Throughout its history, Seoul National University has been regarded as the most prestigious of all post-secondary educational institutions in the country by the general public and consistently recruits top-notch high school students. Seoul National University has been recognized for its leading role in Korean academia, and entry into the university is viewed as a ticket to success. According to data compiled by the Korean Educational Development Institute, Seoul National University spends more on its students per capita than any other university in the country enrolling at least ten-thousand undergraduates, more than one-and-one-half times its peer institutions.
To join the international trend of learning, the university's faculty includes more than 350 non-Koreans or 10 per cent of the total. Nobel laureate Paul Crutzen and Fields Medal recipient Hironaka Heisuke are on the faculty roster.
Today Seoul National University comprises sixteen colleges and six professional schools, with a student body of about thirty-thousand. It has two campuses in Seoul: the main campus in Gwanak, and the medical campus (named Yeongeon Campus after its neighbourhood) in Jongno. SNU is notable for its "fleet-style" system, offering diplomas for virtually every academic field, from aerospace engineering to Western history. The University is slated to expand its academia-industry collaboration, bio-medical research and development, and education-related infrastructure by an additional 58 percent in size and by 33 percent in headcount by 2014.
Designed to ensure that its student body actively collaborate with leading international institutions, the university maintains an undergraduate exchange program with the Harvard-Yenching Institute, Stanford University, and Yale University. In addition, Seoul National holds a memorandum of understanding with over 700 academic institutions in forty countries, including the country's first ever academic exchange program with the University of Pennsylvania. As part of its comprehensive strategic alliance, the Graduate School of Business offers dual master's degrees with Duke University, ESSEC, and the Peking University, and upholds MBA-, MS-, and PhD-candidate exchange programs with universities in ten countries on four continents.
- 1 History
- 2 Academics
- 3 Campus
- 4 Facilities
- 5 Newspaper
- 6 Notable alumni
- 7 Athletics
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
Although the University was founded in 1946, some of its colleges, and its former main campus (the current medical campus) can trace their lineage to Kyongsong University, formerly Keijō Imperial University, established as one of Japan's 9 imperial universities.
The schools merged were
- "Gyeongseong University" (Gyeongseong Daehakgyo 경성대학교)
- "Gyeongseong Normal College" (Gyeongseong Sabeom Hakgyo 경성사범학교)
- "Gyeongseong Women's Normal College" (Gyeongseong Yeoja Sabeom Hakgyo 경상여자사범학교)
- "Gyeongseong Law College" (Gyeongseong Beophak Jeonmun Hakgyo 경성법학전문학교)
- "Gyeongseong Industrial College" (Gyeongseong Gongeop Jeonmun Hakgyo 경성공업전문학교)
- "Gyeongseong Mining College" (Gyeongseong Gwangsan Jeonmun Hakgyo 경성광산전문학교)
- "Gyeongseong Medical College" (Gyeongseong Uihak Jeonmun Hakgyo 경성의학전문학교)
- "Suwon Agriculture College" (Suwon Nongnim Jeonmun Hakgyo 수원농림전문학교)
- "Gyeongseong Business College" (Gyeongseong Gyeongje Jeonmun Hakgyo 경성경제전문학교)
- "Gyeongseong Dentistry College" (Gyeongseong Chigwa Uihak Jeonmun Hakgyo 경성치과의학전문학교)
Seoul National University was founded on August 27, 1946 by merging ten institutions of higher education around the Seoul area, pursuant to "The Law Concerning the Foundation of Seoul National University." The schools merged were: Kyŏngsŏng University, Kyŏngsŏng Colleges of Law, Industrial Engineering, Mining, Medicine, Economics, Dentistry, the Normal School, the Women's Normal School, and Suwon Agricultural College. The first president was Harry B. Ansted.  For over a year and a half, there was a large protest movement by students and professors against the law of the US military government in Korea merging colleges. Finally, 320 professors were fired and more than 4950 students left the school.
The university's second president was Lee Chunho (이춘호; 李春昊), who served beginning in October, 1947.
The College of Law was founded by merging the law department of Kyŏngsŏng University with Kyŏngsŏng Law College. The university absorbed Seoul College of Pharmacy in September, 1950, as the College of Pharmacy. This had previously been a private institution.
Originally, the main campus (which embraced the College of Humanities and Sciences and College of Law) was located on Daehangno (University Street) in Jongno. Most parts of the university relocated to a new campus in Gwanak in the period between 1975 and 1979. Part of the former main campus in Jongno is still used by the College of Medicine, the College of Dentistry and the College of Nursing and is now called Yeongeon Campus.
In February 1975 the main campus of the university moved to the newly constructed Gwanak Campus.
Undergraduate and graduate colleges
- College of Humanities
- College of Social Sciences
- College of Natural Sciences
- College of Nursing
- College of Business Administration
- College of Engineering
- College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
- College of Fine Arts
- College of Law (until 2008)
- College of Education
- College of Human Ecology
- College of Veterinary Medicine
- College of Pharmacy
- College of Music
- College of Medicine
- College of Dentistry (until 2004)
- College of Liberal Studies(started in 2009)
- Interdisciplinary Programs for Undergraduates
- Graduate School of Humanities
- Graduate School of Social Sciences
- Graduate School of Natural Sciences
- Graduate School of Nursing
- Graduate School of Engineering
- Graduate School of Arts
- Graduate School of Medicine
- Interdisciplinary Programs
Admissions to Seoul National University are extremely competitive. From 1981 to 1987, when an applicant could apply only to one university at a time, more than 80% of the top 0.5% scorers in the annual government-administered scholastic achievement test applied to SNU, many of them unsuccessfully.
Students are admitted by major instead of into a general freshman pool.
SNU graduates dominate South Korea's academics, government, politics and business. Between 2003 and 2009, more students who graduated from science high schools and received presidential scholarships matriculated at Seoul National University than at eight other leading universities combined. The concentration of SNU graduates in legal, official, and political circles is particularly high. Two-thirds of South Korean judges are SNU graduates, although the country's judicial appointment system is based solely on open competitive examinations. In government, slightly more than half of South Korea's elite career foreign service corps, recruited on the basis of a competitive higher diplomatic service exam, are from SNU. Similarly, among the high-ranking government officials who were recruited by an equally competitive higher civil service exam, SNU graduates take up more than 40 percent. On the political side, four out of seven presidential candidates in 2002 were SNU graduates. The school is also often criticized by some South Koreans for being elitist and bureaucratic.
The 2010 QS World University Rankings lists the university 54th in arts and humanities, 38th each in life sciences and medicine, natural sciences, and technology, 42nd in social sciences, and 50th institutionally in the world. The Times Higher Education World University Rankings listed the university at a peak among the top 109 world universities for the 2010-2011 rankings. The Shanghai Ranking Consultancy's Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) ranks the university 52nd-75th in engineering, 76th-100th in science, and 101st-150th institutionally in the world. ARWU places more emphasis on publications in the area of natural sciences as well as on the number of alumni who have become Nobel Prize winners. The 2010 Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan ranked the university 67th in "performance ranking of scientific papers for world universities", up from 85th the prior year. Seoul National also had the third highest number of students who went on to earn Ph.Ds in American institutions in 2006.
Siheung International Initiative
In February 2010 Seoul National initiated a memorandum with the city of Siheung to establish a global campus. Signed with the city's mayor and governor of Gyeonggi for administrative assistance, the University acquired 826 thousand square-meters (204 acres) of property to secure influence in the west-coast economic zone, abut the Songdo International Business District, access Pyeongtaek harbor, gain better location to the international airport, seaport and other wide-area transportation catchments, and achieve shared growth with the city's industrial research parks.
The land acquisition will increase the university's size by 58 percent over its current 1.4 million square-meters (350 acres) to 2.2 million square-meters (550 acres) and headcount by an expected 10,000 people or 33 percent of its current figure. Along with lecture halls and additional liberal arts and graduate courses, the initiative will add a medical complex including a research hospital and training center, research center for dentistry and clinical pharmacology, dormitories, apartments, an international middle and high school, and other facilities. Planning to open the international campus in 2014, the University intends to share the initiative with other regional national institutions.
Seoul National University is made up of two Seoul-based and one Suwon-based campuses: the Gwanak Campus is situated in the neighborhood of Sillim-dong, Gwanak-gu; and the Yeongeon Campus is north of the Han River in Yeongeon-dong, Jongno-gu; and the Gwanggyo Campus is east of the Suwon-si in Iui-dong, Yeongtong-gu. The main campus in Gwanak-gu was established in 1975 by the SNU Comprehensive Plan. At present, there are about 200 buildings, over half of which have been constructed since 1990. The school’s medical, dental and nursing schools, as well as the main branch of Seoul National University Hospital, are located on the former site of Kyungsung University’s medical department at the Yeongeon Campus. In 2003, the Colleges of Agricultural and Life Sciences and Veterinary Medicine were relocated from Suwon to Gwanak. In 2009, The Graduate School of Convergence Science Technology(GSCST) consists of three department(Nano-convergence,Digital-information-convergence,intellectual-convergence) were established in Gwanggyo campus.
Gwanak Campus, the main campus, is located in the southern part of Seoul. It is served by its own subway station on Line 2. Yeongeon Campus, the medical campus, is located on Daehangno(University Street), northeast Seoul. The defunct Suwon Campus, the agricultural campus, also known as the Sangnok Campus (Evergreen Campus), used to be located in Suwon, about 40 km south of Seoul. The agricultural campus moved to Gwanak in Autumn 2004, but some research facilities still remain in Suwon.
Public transit access
- Gwanak Campus is served by Seoul National University Station of Seoul Subway Line 2. Although the station is named after the university, it is located about a 1.5 km away from the campus. The university runs shuttle buses between the station and the campus on weekdays. The dormitories can be reached from Nakseongdae Station.
- Airport bus 6003 connects the university with Incheon International Airport.
- There are several Seoul metropolitan buses that stop by the main gate of the university:
- Trunk buses (Blue): 501, 651 and 750.
- Branch buses (Green): 5412, 5511, 5513, 5515, 5516, 5614, 6512 and Gwanak 02.
- Gwanak 02 Branch bus (Green) enters by the rear gate from Nakseongdae Station.
- Note: Bus numbers 02, 5511, 5513 and 5516 circulate in-campus while other lines just stop by the main gate.
- Yeongeon Campus is located near Hyehwa Station of Seoul Subway Line 4.
- Buses that stop on Daehangno (University Street) connect Yeongeon Campus with other areas:
- Trunk buses (Blue): 101, 102, 104, 106, 107, 108, 109, 140, 143, 150, 160, 161 and 162.
- Branch buses (Green): 2112, Jongno 07 and Jongno 08.
Seoul National University Library is located behind the university administrative building in the 62nd block of the Gwanak Campus. In 2009, the library’s total collection of books, including all the annexes, was approximately 4 million volumes. The present chief librarian, Dr. Kim Jong-seo, professor of religious studies in the College of Humanities, took office in 2009.
Furthermore, the Central Library has constructed a digital library, which in addition to the regular library collection provides access to university publications, ancient texts, and theses. Included here are countless images of pamphlets, lecture slides, and insects. The digital library also offers access to video of university exhibitions, scientific events, symposia, and seminars.
The library was first opened in 1946 as the Seoul National University Central Library, inheriting its facilities and books from Kyungsung University. In 1949, the name of the library was changed to the Seoul National University Library Annex. When the main branch of the library was relocated to the Gwanak Campus in January 1975, it was renamed the Seoul National University Library, and then renamed again in 1992 the Seoul National University Central Library.
In 1966, provisions were made to systematize the library's collections. As the measures came into effect, the original library was organized into 12 separate annexes for each of the university’s colleges: engineering, education, physics, art, law, theology, pharmacology, music, medicine, dentistry, administration, and agricultural sciences. Two years later, in 1968, libraries for newspapers and the liberal arts were added to bring the total number of annexes to 14. However as the main branch was moved to the Gwanak Campus, the education, physics, legal, theological, administrative, newspaper, liberal arts, and pharmacological libraries were combined in a single building. The following year the art and music libraries were also added to the main branch, while the dentistry and medical libraries were amalgamated into one. With the integration of the engineering library into the main branch in 1979, only the agricultural and medical libraries remained as separate annexes. A new law library was established in 1983 with funds from alumni, and in 1992 the Kyujanggak Royal Library was subdivided from the main library as an independent organization and is now known as the Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies.
With the transfer of the College of Agricultural Sciences from the Suwon to Gwanak Campus, the Agricultural Library was also moved in 2005. As of 2006 there were seven remaining library annexes for management, the social sciences, agriculture, law, medicine, dentistry, and international studies.
Acquisitions from foreign libraries, universities, associations, governments, and private donors have played an important role in the library's formation, holdings, and expansion. Over the years the library has received contributions from seven university libraries (Columbia, Harvard, Hong Kong, Leiden, Michigan, Stockholm, Toronto), three universities (Ohio State, Princeton, and UCLA), three major libraries (Fung Ping Shan Library, Library of Congress, New York Public Library), four institutions (German Research Association, Pro Helvetia Switzerland, Smithsonian Institution, and World Bank), two government agencies (US Information Service and US Operation Mission), the government of Australia, and from myriad private Korean and non-Korean donors.
Seoul National University Museum is located at the Gwanak Campus. It originally opened alongside the university in 1946 under the name, "The Seoul National University Museum Annex." The original 2-story Dongsung-dong building, which was erected in 1941, had served as the Kyungsung Imperial University Museum until it was transferred intact to SNU. When the museum was moved to the sixth floor of the Central Library, in 1975, it was renamed the Seoul National University Museum. The museum was then moved to newly constructed facilities, next to the Dongwon Building, in 1993, which it has occupied to this day. Dr. Park Nak-gyu is the present director.
Museum of Art
Museum of Art, Seoul National University (SNUMoA) was established in 1995, with contributions from the Samsung Cultural Foundation, after a proposal from Dr. Lee Jong-sang, a professor of Oriental Art. The building designed by the Dutch architect, Rem Koolhaas, with construction entrusted to the Samsung Group. This 4450m2 structure sits three stories above and below ground. Its major distinguishing feature is the forward area which almost appears to be floating in the air. Construction was undertaken from 2003 to 2005, just off the Gwanak Campus’ main gate while the opening took place on the June 8, 2006. Dr. Jung Hung-min assumed the directorship of the gallery in 2006.
The dormitory of Seoul National University, named Gwanaksa, where the undergraduate and graduate students, and family dormitory are located. It founded at August, 1975, with 5 Gwanaksa buildings and 1 welfare building, which housed 970 male students and the female dormitory, was founded at February, 1983. By June, 2007, there were 1 administration building, 2 welfare buildings, 12 undergraduate dormitory buildings, 6 graduate students’ dormitory buildings, and housed 3,680 students. Unlike other schools, there is no curfew hour. Now the old Gwanaksa building is in the course of re-construction, the construction started in February, 2008, and planned to be ended in 2011. When the construction is completed, the old Gwanaksa building will be holding 3500 students, which was 2200 before (now the Gwanaksa is divided into old building and new building). The Yeongeonsa located in Yeongeon campus, which is medical school of Seoul National University. The Yeongeonsa can house 533 undergraduate students, and 17 household of family dormitory.
The first edition of the paper was launched while seeking refuge from the ravages of the Korean War, on February 4, 1952. In 1953 it was moved to Dongsung-dong in Seoul, where from 1958 even editions for high school were published. Financial difficulties in 1960 led the paper to cease printing for a time. It was relocated to the Gwanak Campus in 1975 where it has been in continuous publication until the present day. At the time of its first launch the paper was sold for 500 won a copy, sometimes twice a week. Now, however, it is distributed for free every Monday. The school paper is not available during schools breaks or exams.
- Cheol-Soo Ahn (MD '91 physiology), founder and chairman of AhnLab Inc, and dean of convergence science and technology
- Byong Man Ahn, former president of Hankuk University of Foreign Studies
- Lan Chung (B.S. architecture), lead investigator of the 1995 Sampoong Department Store collapse
- Duk-in Chou, tenth president of KAIST
- Taeghwan Hyeon, distinguished professor of chemical engineering and world's top 100 chemist (Thomson Reuters citation/publication impact score)
- Byoung-chul Kim, eighteenth president of Korea University
- Jaegwon Kim, philosopher, best known for his work on mental causation and the mind-body problem
- Rebekah Kim, first Asian chaplain at Harvard University
- W. Chan Kim, managerial strategist and writer of Blue Ocean Strategy
- Yong-il Kong (B.A. '51 English language & literature), ninth president of Kyung Hee University
- Jang-hyeok Kwon (B.S. '71 aerospace engineering), seventh headmaster of the Korea Science Academy of KAIST
- Choo-chon Lee, first president of KAIST
- Don-hee Lee, former professor of education and fifth headmaster of the Korean Minjok Leadership Academy
- Jang-gyu Lee (B.S. '71 electrical engineering), first Korean to preside over an African university (Adama University)
- Ki-baek Lee, leading Korean historian
- Ha-Joon Chang, leading heterodox economist who wrote 'Kicking Away the Ladder: Development Strategy in Historical Perspective'
- Bae-hun Park, seventh president of Korea National University of Education
- Hongkun Park, endowed Harvard professor of chemistry and of physics
- No-hee Park, UCLA dean and distinguished professor of dentistry
- Kwan Rim (also known as Kwan Lim), 2nd president of KAIST; former chairman of the board of trustees of KAIST; former president and chairman of the Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology (SAIT); former chairman of the board of the Sungkyungwan University foundation; former member of advisory board of Olin College; founder, chairman, and professor emeritus of biomedical engineering and past associate dean at the college of engineering, University of Iowa; engineer at NASA.
- Jung-don Seo, eighteenth president of Sungkyungwan University
- Tae-sik Shim (J.D. '55), fifth president of Kyung Hee University
- Cheong-il Yoon, former dean of education, and sixth headmaster of the Korean Minjok Leadership Academy
Natural Science and Technology
- Jihn Eui Kim, theoretical physicist who most notably suggested the invisible axion
- Jun-Mook Hwang, mathematician
- Ji-soon Ihm, discoverer of semiconductor traits in carbon nano-tubes
- Chung Un Kim, vice president of Gilead Sciences and co-developer of Tamiflu
- Philip Kim, condensed matter physicist known for study of quantum transport in carbon nanotubes and graphene
- Benjamin W. Lee, theoretical physicist who exerted great influence on the development of the standard model
- Heesun Kiem, mathematician
- Ho-Wang Lee, life scientist who first isolated Hantavirus that causes hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome
- Jong-wook Lee, former WHO Director-General
- Kim V. Narry, biologist who elucidated the formation of a new class of RNA molecules involved in gene regulation
- Hongkun Park, physical chemist who made the first single molecule transistor with C60
- Sang Bok Lee, Materials chemist in bio/nano/energy areas, earned BS, MS and PhD degrees from Seoul National University
- Yung-woo Park, physicist, discoverer of zero magnetic resistance in a plastic-based nanofiber
- Im-hak Ree, mathematician who found Ree group in Group of Lie type
- Ko San, one of two astronauts chosen in the Korean Astronaut Program
- Joo-myung Seok, entomologist who made significant contributions to the taxonomy of the native butterfly species of Korea. He also became a noted linguist and pacifist
- Woo-Suk Hwang, deceptive cloning scientist
- Il-Kyun Byun, vice chairman, CEO, pioneer of flat-glass industry in Korea and developer and mass producer of borosilicate glasses used in microwave ovens and headlight lenses.
- Byungki Hwang, gayageum player
- Suh Yongsun, artist
- Junggeun Oh, artist
- Sumi Jo, Grammy award winning soprano
- Unsuk Chin, composer
- Swoo Geun Kim, architect
- Joong Up Kim, architect
- Won-bok Rhie, cartoonist
- Tschoon Su Kim, artist
- Choi In-Hun, novelist
- Kim Chi-Ha, poet
- Kim Seung-ok, novelist
- Lee Hyo-Seok, novelist
- Lee Yangji, a second-generation Zainichi Korean Japanese novelist
- Park Wan-Seo, novelist
- Yi Munyol, novelist and political commentator, who attended the College of Education but did not graduate
- Ban Ki-moon, current Secretary-General of the United Nations, former Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade
- Chin Dae-je, former Samsung executive and former minister of Ministry of Information and Communication
- Chung Mong-jun, former CEO of Hyundai Heavy Industries, chairman of Grand National Party of South Korea, member of National Assembly of South Korea, former Vice president of FIFA
- Chung Un-Chan, former Prime Minister of South Korea and former president of Seoul National University
- Goh Kun, former mayor of Seoul and Prime minister of South Korea
- Kang Kum-Sil, 55th minister of justice and ruling Uri Party mayoral candidate
- Kim Moon-soo, current governor of Gyeonggi-do
- Kim Young-sam, seventh President of South Korea (1993~1998) who helped foster Korean democracy together with his life-long rival Kim Dae-Jung
- Lee Hoi-chang, Korea's youngest ever judge at age 25 and supreme court at age 46
- Si-min Rhyu, 44th health and welfare minister; established Korea's Child Development Accounts policy to build assets, financial education and investment in children; social policy expert and author of World History Upside Down and Cafe on Economics
- Choon T. Chon, vice president of Delphi Corporation and president of Delphi Asia Pacific
- Kang Yu-sig (BS '71 electrical engineering), CEO of LG
- Kim Jung Joo, founder of Nexon Corporation
- Kim Taek-jin, founder and CEO of NCSoft
- Lee Hae-Jin, founder and CSO of NHN
- Lee Ku-taek (BS '69 metallurgy), CEO of POSCO
- Lee Suk-chae (BA '68 business administration), CEO of KT
- Lee Yoon-woo (BS '66 electrical engineering), CEO of Samsung Electronics
- Park Young-ho (BA '71 business administration), CEO of SK Holdings
- Yun Jong-yong (BS '69 electrical engineering), former CEO of Samsung Electronics
- Honey Lee, third runner-up of Miss Universe 2007, gayageum player, and actress
- Kim Tae Hee, actress
- Lee Soo Man, CEO of SM Entertainment
- Lee Sang Yoon, actor
- Kim Ki-young, film director
- Kim Jeong Hoon, singer and actor, who attended the College of Dentistry but did not graduate
- Lee Soon-jae, actor
- Koo Hye Sun Seoul National University of Arts as a broadcasting major but dropped out and transferred to Sungkyunkwan University
- Enccer: College of Engineering soccer team (official web site)
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- ^ Graduates of Chinese Universities Take the Lead in Earning American Ph.Ds - Chronicle.com
- ^ Kim, Yea-rim (2011-03-16). "Siheung is on the Road to Becoming Korea's Investment Mecca". koreatimes.com. http://www.koreaittimes.com/story/13492/siheung-road-become-korea%E2%80%99s-investment-mecca. Retrieved 2011-05-05.
- ^ Yoo, Min-seok (2011-01-25). "SNU To Share Siheung International Campus with Regional Universities". useoul.edu. http://useoul.edu/news/news0101_view.jsp?idx=128997&reqPage=null. Retrieved 2011-05-05.
- Seoul National University, "서울대학교 40년사"(The 40 years history of Seoul National University), 1986.
- Seoul National University English Website
- SNULIFE, SNU students' portal site
- Gwanaksa, students' dormitory of Gwanak Campus
- Central Library, Official Library of Seoul National University
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