Gaulin the 1st century BC, showing the relative position of the Aedui tribe.]
Aedui, Haedui or Hedui (Gr. "Aidouoi"), are
Gallicpeople of Gallia Lugdunensis, who inhabited the country between the Arar ( Saone) and Liger ( Loire), in today's France.
The statement in
Strabo(ii. 3. 192) that they dwelt between the Arar and Dubis ( Doubs) is incorrect. Their territory thus included the greater part of the modern departments of Saône-et-Loire, Côte-d'Orand Nièvre. According to Livy(v. 34), they took part in the expedition of Bellovesusinto Italyin the 6th century BC.
Before Caesar's time they had attached themselves to the Romans, and were honoured with the title of brothers and kinsmen of the Roman people. When the
Sequani, their neighbours on the other side of the Arar, with whom they were continually quarrelling, invaded their country and subjugated them with the assistance of a Germanic chieftain named Ariovistus, the Aedui sent Diviciacus, the druid, to Rometo appeal to the senate for help, but his mission was unsuccessful.
On his arrival in
Gaul( 58 BC), Caesar restored their independence. In spite of this, the Aedui joined the Gallic coalition against Caesar ("B. G." vii. 42), but after the surrender of Vercingetorixat Alesiawere glad to return to their allegiance. Augustus dismantled their native capital Bibracteon Mont Beuvray, and substituted a new town with a half-Roman, half-Gaulish name, Augustodunum (modern Autun).
21, during the reign of Tiberius, they revolted under Julius Sacrovir, and seized Augustudunum, but were soon put down by Gaius Silius (Tacitus "Ann." iii. 43-46). The Aedui were the first of the Gauls to receive from the emperor Claudiusthe distinction of " jus honorum". The oration of Eumenius, in which he pleaded for the restoration of the schools of his native place Augustodunum, shows that the district was neglected. The chief magistrate of the Aedui in Caesar's time was called Vergobretus(according to Mommsen, "judgment-worker"), who was elected annually, possessed powers of life and death, but was forbidden to go beyond the frontier. Certain clientes, or small communities, were also dependent upon the Aedui.
The Aedui adopted many of the governmental practices of the Romans, such as the electing of magistrates and other officials.
List of peoples of Gaul
*A. E. Desjardins, "Geographie de la Gaule," ii. (
*T. R. Holmes, "Caesar's Conquest of Gaul" (
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AEDUI — Hedui Plinio l. 4. c. 18. et aliis, Galliae Celticae populi potentissimi, quorum regio Burgundiae Ducatus, et urbs Augustodunum; a Sequanis populis alterius Burgundiae, Arari fluvio divisi. Horum tractus hodie l. Autunois dicitur, ab eorum urbe… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Aedui — Aedui, gall. Volk zwischen Loire und Saone, riefen den Cäsar herbei, der sie als röm. Bundesgenossen aufnahm und Gallien unterjochte … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Aedui — Plural, lateinischer Name des gallischen Volks der Äduer … Universal-Lexikon
Aedui — ▪ people Celtic tribe of central Gaul (occupying most of what was later the French région of Burgundy), chiefly responsible for the diplomatic situation exploited by Julius Caesar (Caesar, Julius) when he began his conquests in that region… … Universalium
Diviciacus (Aedui) — Diviciacus or Divitiacus of the Aedui is the only druid from antiquity whose existence is attested by name. He should not be confused with the king of the Suessiones also known by the Latinised name Diviciacus; coins, possibly issued by the… … Wikipedia
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Ariovistus — was a leader of the Suebi and other allied Germanic peoples in the second quarter of the 1st century BC. He and his followers took part in a war in Gaul, assisting the Arverni and Sequani to defeat their rivals the Aedui, and settled in large… … Wikipedia
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Sequani — A portion of the map, Gallia, from Butler s 1907 atlas showing the divisions of the diocese of Gaul in the late Roman Empire. According to the key, the map depicts 17 Provinciae Galliae, Provinces of Gaul, of which the 17th, [Provincia] Maxima … Wikipedia