Aedui

[
Gaul in the 1st century BC, showing the relative position of the Aedui tribe.]

Aedui, Haedui or Hedui (Gr. "Aidouoi"), are Gallic people of Gallia Lugdunensis, who inhabited the country between the Arar (Saone) and Liger (Loire), in today's France.

The statement in Strabo (ii. 3. 192) that they dwelt between the Arar and Dubis (Doubs) is incorrect. Their territory thus included the greater part of the modern departments of Saône-et-Loire, Côte-d'Or and Nièvre. According to Livy (v. 34), they took part in the expedition of Bellovesus into Italy in the 6th century BC.

Before Caesar's time they had attached themselves to the Romans, and were honoured with the title of brothers and kinsmen of the Roman people. When the Sequani, their neighbours on the other side of the Arar, with whom they were continually quarrelling, invaded their country and subjugated them with the assistance of a Germanic chieftain named Ariovistus, the Aedui sent Diviciacus, the druid, to Rome to appeal to the senate for help, but his mission was unsuccessful.

On his arrival in Gaul (58 BC), Caesar restored their independence. In spite of this, the Aedui joined the Gallic coalition against Caesar ("B. G." vii. 42), but after the surrender of Vercingetorix at Alesia were glad to return to their allegiance. Augustus dismantled their native capital Bibracte on Mont Beuvray, and substituted a new town with a half-Roman, half-Gaulish name, Augustodunum (modern Autun).

In 21, during the reign of Tiberius, they revolted under Julius Sacrovir, and seized Augustudunum, but were soon put down by Gaius Silius (Tacitus "Ann." iii. 43-46). The Aedui were the first of the Gauls to receive from the emperor Claudius the distinction of "jus honorum". The oration of Eumenius, in which he pleaded for the restoration of the schools of his native place Augustodunum, shows that the district was neglected. The chief magistrate of the Aedui in Caesar's time was called Vergobretus (according to Mommsen, "judgment-worker"), who was elected annually, possessed powers of life and death, but was forbidden to go beyond the frontier. Certain clientes, or small communities, were also dependent upon the Aedui.

The Aedui adopted many of the governmental practices of the Romans, such as the electing of magistrates and other officials.

ee also

* List of peoples of Gaul

References

*A. E. Desjardins, "Geographie de la Gaule," ii. (1876-1893)
*T. R. Holmes, "Caesar's Conquest of Gaul" (1899).

ources

*1911


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • AEDUI — Hedui Plinio l. 4. c. 18. et aliis, Galliae Celticae populi potentissimi, quorum regio Burgundiae Ducatus, et urbs Augustodunum; a Sequanis populis alterius Burgundiae, Arari fluvio divisi. Horum tractus hodie l. Autunois dicitur, ab eorum urbe… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Aedui — Aedui, gall. Volk zwischen Loire und Saone, riefen den Cäsar herbei, der sie als röm. Bundesgenossen aufnahm und Gallien unterjochte …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Aedui —   Plural, lateinischer Name des gallischen Volks der Äduer …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Aedui — ▪ people       Celtic tribe of central Gaul (occupying most of what was later the French région of Burgundy), chiefly responsible for the diplomatic situation exploited by Julius Caesar (Caesar, Julius) when he began his conquests in that region… …   Universalium

  • Diviciacus (Aedui) — Diviciacus or Divitiacus of the Aedui is the only druid from antiquity whose existence is attested by name. He should not be confused with the king of the Suessiones also known by the Latinised name Diviciacus; coins, possibly issued by the… …   Wikipedia

  • ЭДУИ —    • Aedui, Haedui,          кельтский народ в Галлии (Caes. b. g. 1, 10), между Луарой и Саоной до окрестностей Лиона; первый присоединился к римлянам и потому еще до Цезаря получил почетные названия братьев и союзников (т. ж. 1, 31, 7. 6, 12.… …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Ariovistus — was a leader of the Suebi and other allied Germanic peoples in the second quarter of the 1st century BC. He and his followers took part in a war in Gaul, assisting the Arverni and Sequani to defeat their rivals the Aedui, and settled in large… …   Wikipedia

  • Gallic Wars — This article is about the military campaign. For Julius Caesar s writings, see Commentarii de Bello Gallico. Gallic War Vercingetorix Throws Down His Arms at the Feet of Ju …   Wikipedia

  • Commentarii de Bello Gallico — (Commentaries on the Gallic War)   …   Wikipedia

  • Sequani — A portion of the map, Gallia, from Butler s 1907 atlas showing the divisions of the diocese of Gaul in the late Roman Empire.[1] According to the key, the map depicts 17 Provinciae Galliae, Provinces of Gaul, of which the 17th, [Provincia] Maxima …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”