Abano Terme

Infobox CityIT
img_coa =Abano Terme-Stemma.png official_name = Comune di Abano Terme
region = Veneto
province = Padua (PD)
elevation_m = 14
area_total_km2 = 21
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 19062
population_density_km2 = 868
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|45|21|37|N|11|47|24|E|region:IT_type:city(19062)
frazioni = Feriole, Giarre, Monterosso, Monteortone
telephone = 049
postalcode = 35031
gentilic = Aponensi or Abanesi
saint = St. Lawrence
day = August 10
mayor = Andrea Bronzato
website = [http://www.comune.abanoterme.pd.it/ www.comune.abanoterme.pd.it]

Abano Terme (known as "Abano Bagni" until 1930) is a town and "comune" in the province of Padua, in the Veneto region, Italy, on the eastern slope of the Colli Euganei; it is 10 kilometers southwest by rail from Padua. Abano Terme's population is 19,062 (2001) (in 1901 it was only 4,556).

The town's hot springs and mud baths are the main economical resource. Waters have a temperature of some 80°C.

History

The baths were known to the Romans as "Aponi fons" or "Aquae Patavinae". A description of them is given in a letter of Theodoric, the king of the Ostrogoths. Some remains of the ancient baths have been discovered (S. Mandruzzato, "Trattato dei Bagni d'Abano," Padua, 1789). An oracle of Geryon lay near, and the so-called "sortes Praenestinae" (C.I.L. i., Berlin, 1863; 1438-1454), small bronze cylinders inscribed, and used as oracles, were perhaps found here in the 16th century.

The baths were destroyed by the Lombards in the 6th century, but they were rebuilt and enlarged when Abano became an autonomous comune in the 12th century and, again, in the late 14th century. The city was under the Republic of Venice from 1405 to 1797.

Main sights

*The Cathedral (Duomo) of St. Lawrence. The current edifice was erected in 1780 over a pre-existing church which was allegedly destroyed by Cangrande della Scala. The bell tower has parts from the 9th/10th and 14th centuries.
*The Montirone Gallery, housing works of Il Moretto, Palma the Younger, Guido Reni, Giandomenico Tiepolo and others.
*The Sanctuary of the "Madonna della Salute" or of Monteortone (built from 1428). It lies on the site where the Madonna appeared to Pietro Falco, healing his wounds. The church is on the Latin cross plan, with a nave and two aisles with three apses decorated by a frieze. It has with a Baroque portal (1667), a noteworthy bell tower, presbytery frescoes portraying the "Histories of St. Peter" and "Virgin" by Jacopo da Montagnana (1495) and Palma the Younger's altarpiece depicting "Christ Crucifixed Between St. Augustine and St. Jerome".

Outside of the city is the Convent of "San Daniele" (11th century). 6 km from the city is also the Abbey of Praglia, founded in the 11th century by Benedictine monks and rebuilt in 1496-1550. The church of the Assunta, with a marble portal from 1548, has a Renaissance style interior. Noteworthy is the four cloister complex.

References

*"L'Italia da scoprire", Giorgio Mondadori, 2006.


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