Street art

Street art

Street art is any art developed in public spaces — that is, "in the streets" — though the term usually refers to art of an illicit nature, as opposed to government sponsored initiatives. The term can include traditional graffiti artwork, stencil graffiti, sticker art, wheatpasting and street poster art, video projection, art intervention, guerrilla art, flash mobbing and street installations. Typically, the term Street Art or the more specific Post-Graffiti is used to distinguish contemporary public-space artwork from territorial graffiti, vandalism, and corporate art.

The motivations and objectives that drive street artists are as varied as the artists themselves. There is a strong current of activism and subversion in urban art. Street art can be a powerful platform for reaching the public, and frequent themes include adbusting, subvertising and other culture jamming, the abolishment of private property and reclaiming the streets. Other street artists simply see urban space as an untapped format for personal artwork, while others may appreciate the challenges and risks that are associated with installing illicit artwork in public places. However the universal theme in most, if not all street art, is that adapting visual artwork into a format which utilizes public space, allows artists who may otherwise feel disenfranchised, to reach a much broader audience than traditional artwork and galleries normally allow.

Techniques

Whereas traditional graffiti artists have primarily used free-hand aerosol paints to produce their works, [For the development of style in this medium, as well as an examination of the political, cultural, and social commentary of its artists, see the anthropological history of New York subway graffiti art, "Getting Up: Subway Graffiti in New York", by Craig Castleman, a student of Margaret Mead, The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1982.] "street art" encompasses many other media and techniques, including;
* Wheatpasting
* Sticker art
* Stencil art
* Mosaic tiling
* Video projection
* Woodblocking
* Street installations
* Murals

Traditional graffiti also has increasingly been adopted as a method for advertising; its trajectory has even in some cases led to its artists' working on contract as graphic artists for corporations. [As just one example, note the Bronx-based group Tats Cru, whose members began as a subway graffiti crew, but whose work covers traditional neighborhood memorial walls, public schools, hospitals, representation at the Smithsonian Institute's 35th Folk Arts Festival, and also logo and advertising design for such corporations as Snapple and McDonald's. Some of their work can be found on their website, .] Street art is a label often adopted by artists who wish to keep their work unaffiliated, and strongly political. Street artists are those whose work is still largely done without official approval in public areas.

For these reasons street art is sometimes considered "post-graffiti" and sometimes even "neo-graffiti". ["Neo-graffiti" is a term coined by Tokion Magazine in the title of its Neo-Graffiti Project 2000, which featured "classic" subway graffiti artists working in new media; others have called this phenomenon "urban art." A discussion by the Wooster Collective on terminology can be found at .] Street art can be found around the world and street artists often travel to other countries foreign to them so they can spread their designs.

treet artists

Street artists such as melbs#one Banksy, D*Face, Cease, Swoon, Twist, Space Invader (aka Invader), 108, Ellis Gallagher, Neck face , Os Gemeosand the Bride Campaign have earned international attention for their work and in turn migrated the showing of their works to the museum or gallery setting as well as the street. It is also not uncommon for street artists to achieve commercial success Shepard Fairey, Faile, WK Interact, Kaws and Buff Monster doing graphics for other companies or starting their own merchandising lines.

Key locations

Berlin (Germany) has attracted attention to international street artists since the reunification of the city making it one of Europe's street art strongholds. A lot of bizarre post-communist locations, cheap rents and ramshackle buildings gave rise to a vibrant street art scene. Hotspots there are Mitte, Prenzlauer Berg, Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain.

Bristol (U.K.) also is part of a vibrant street art scene due to the rise of "Art terrorist" Banksy.

Melbourne (Australia) is home to some of the world's most diverse street art (see Melbourne street art). There are a number of important sites across the Melbourne city centre. One of the most colourful being Hosier Lane near Federation Square & Canada Lane in Carlton. Both boasting some of the finest street art in multiple mediums in Australia and internationally, with street artists such as Banksy, regularly frequenting the streets of Melbourne.

Sao Paulo in Brazil is generally viewed as one of the capitals of street art, and particularly murals. The lively and colourful atmosphere of the city is reflected in the street art scene, quickly evolving into one of the biggest and best in the world, drawing in many artists from around the world to collaborate.

However many cities are plastered with the scrawls and writing of these artists, any wall is a target, any wall is a canvas.

Gallery

References

* cite web |publisher= Victoria and Albert Museum
url= http://www.vam.ac.uk/collections/prints_books/street_art/index.html
title= Street Art
work=Paintings & Drawings
accessdate= 2007-08-21

* cite web |publisher=
url= http://german-street-art.blogspot.com
title= German Street Art
work=Stencils & Stickers
accessdate= 2007-11-23

* cite web |publisher=
url= http://www.woostercollective.com/2008/09/looks_like_things_are_heating_up_in_san.html
title= Sao Paulo Action
work=Vandalism
accessdate= 2008-10-23

Documentary Films

*"RASH (film)" (2005), a feature documentary about Melbourne, Australia and the artists who make it a living host for illegal artwork called street art.

External links


* [http://www.internationalstreetart.org/ "Museum of International Street Art"]
* [http://graffiti-street-art-ebook.tk/ "Graffiti & Street Art: Tips, Tricks and Techniques"]
* [http://www.ekosystem.org/ "Ekosystem.org"] : A comprehensive site dedicated to European and international street and graffiti art.
* [http://www.ukstreetart.co.uk/ "ukstreetart.co.uk"] : A comprehensive site dedicated the UK street art scene, prints, exhibitions and much more.

ee also

* List of street artists
* Mission School
* Reclaim the streets
* Street installations
* Street Poster Art
* Wooster Collective
* Melbourne street art
* [http://www.niceslacks.net nice slacks!]

Further reading

* Street Art in Berlin. Street art examples from Berlin. ISBN 978-3-89773-579-8
* PEEL: The Art of the Sticker by Dave & Holly Combs. Mark Batty Publisher (2008). ISBN 0979554608
* Claudia Walde: "Sticker City: Paper Graffiti Art (Street Graphics / Street Art)". Thames & Hudson, 2007. ISBN 978-0500286685
* Street Art by Allan Schwartzman, The Dial Press, 1985
* Street Logos by Tristan Manco. Thames and Hudson (2004). ISBN 0500284695
* Stencil Graffiti by Tristan Manco. Thames and Hudson (2002). ISBN 0500283427
* Beautiful Losers: Contemporary Art and Street Culture by Christian Strike and Aaron Rose. Distributed Art Publishers, Aug 2005. ISBN 1933045302
* Street Renegades: New Underground Art by Francesca Gavin. Laurence King Publishers (2007). ISBN 9781856695299
* The Art Of Rebellion: The World Of Street Art by Christian Hundertmark. Gingko Press (2005). ISBN 9781584231578
* The Art Of Rebellion 2– World of Urban Art Activism by Christian Hundertmark. Gingko Press (2006). ISBN 9783980990943
* [http://www.powerhousebooks.com/book/61 This Means Nothing] , a book of photography on New York City street art by Le Bijoutier (2008). ISBN 9781576874172
* [http://www.harpercollins.com.au/books/9780061210044/NYC_BCN/index.aspx NYC BCN] , a book of New York City and Barcelona street art and graffiti by Louis Bou. ISBN 9780061210044
* Jerry Goldstein, "Athens Street Art", Athens: Athens News, 2008. ISBN 9789608920064
*Street Art Chile by Rod Palmer. Eight Books (2008). Covering all parts of Chile, from Arica to Punta Arenas.. ISBN 9780955432217


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  • Street-art — Affiche de John Hamon sur un panneau éléctoral à Paris. Le Street art ou art urbain est un mouvement artistique contemporain. Parfois remplacé par post graffiti, ce terme regroupe les artistes de rue qui utilisent l affiche, le sticker, le p …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Street Art — Affiche de John Hamon sur un panneau éléctoral à Paris. Le Street art ou art urbain est un mouvement artistique contemporain. Parfois remplacé par post graffiti, ce terme regroupe les artistes de rue qui utilisent l affiche, le sticker, le p …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Street art — Affiche de John Hamon sur un panneau éléctoral à Paris. Le Street art ou art urbain est un mouvement artistique contemporain. Parfois remplacé par post graffiti, ce terme regroupe les artistes de rue qui utilisent l affiche, le sticker, le p …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Street-Art — Streetart ist eine zeitgenössische Form der Kunst im öffentlichen Raum, die von breiten Teilen der Bevölkerung oft auch als Vandalismus betrachtet wird. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Künstlerische Spezifik 2 Bildbeispiele 3 Kommerzialisierung 4 Siehe auch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Street Art — Streetart ist eine zeitgenössische Form der Kunst im öffentlichen Raum, die von breiten Teilen der Bevölkerung oft auch als Vandalismus betrachtet wird. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Künstlerische Spezifik 2 Bildbeispiele 3 Kommerzialisierung 4 Siehe auch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • street art — {{#}}{{LM S47154}}{{〓}} {{[}}street art{{]}} {{■}}(ing.){{□}} {{《}}▍ s.m.{{》}} Forma de expresión artística pictórica que se manifiesta en algunos lugares públicos: • Bansky es una de las figuras más reconocidas dentro del street art.{{○}}… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • Street art — El término inglés street art en su concepción más amplia y literal describe todo el arte desarrollado en la calle, normalmente de manera no autorizada. Esto incluiría tanto al Graffiti vinculado al la cultura Hip Hop como a otras formas diversas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • street art — /ˈstrit at/ (say street aht) noun art which is performed or produced in the street, as chalk pictures, yarn bombing, mural installations, aerosol art, etc. –street artist, noun …   Australian English dictionary

  • street art — noun Any art developed in public spaces …   Wiktionary

  • Street art in Melbourne — A stencil of iconic Australian cricketer Merv Hughes, 2008, Regan Tamanui (Haha) Melbourne, the second largest city in Australia, has gained international notoriety for its diverse range of street art and associated subcultures. Throughout the… …   Wikipedia


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