Béjar is a town and municipality in the province of Salamanca, western Spain, part of the autonomous community of Castile-Leon.

Bejar, Bejarano, Behar, Bexar and other versions of the name are popular surnames for Sephardi Jews, many of whom were converted to Catholicism or killed in the Spanish Inquisition, who came from this region in Central Spain.

Connection to "The Alamo" and San Antonio, Texas

On December 9, 1716, the Viceroy of New Spain, Baltasar de Zúñiga y Guzmán, appointed Martin de Alarcón in Mexico City as commander of Presidio San Francisco de Coahuila and as governor of the province of Texas. Alarcón was given the task of resupplying Spaniards who had previously gone to Texas in 1716 under Domingo Ramon. In April 1718 Alarcón crossed the Rio Grande with ten families and seventy-two persons. On May 1, 1718, he assisted Father Antonio San Buenaventura y Olivares in the founding of San Antonio de Valero Mission, otherwise known as "The Alamo" to modern Americans. Four days later Alarcón founded San Antonio de Béjar Presidio. The presidio was named in honor of the Duque de Béjar [ [http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ducado_de_B%C3%A9jar] , Link to Spanish language Wikipedia entry as no English entry exists.] , the viceroy's brother, who died what Spain considers a hero's death defending Budapest from the Ottoman Empire in 1686.

Following the Mexican War of Independence from Spain in 1821, most of the former territory of New Spain became part of the Republic of Mexico, including Texas. Because Texas was very underpopulated Mexico sought a policy of open immigration into the region. Under the auspices of Steven F. Austin Anglo-Americans began to immigrate into Mexican Texas. Conflict then arose because the Anglo settlers owned slaves and stubbornly ignored the strict anti-slave laws of Mexico, leading to the banning of further Anglo-American settlement in Mexican Texas. Illegal immigration by Anglo-Americans continued until white alien settlers outnumbered Mexican natives. The issue of slavery eventually lead to the Mexican-American War in 1846 where Texas became part of the United States. The surname "de Béjar" was dropped after becoming the city of San Antonio, Texas. The legacy of Béjar remains today in the incorrect spelling of Bexar County, Texas, where San Antonio is still located and is now the 7th largest city in the United States. [ [http://www.thesanantonioriverwalk.com/RiverwalkHistory/index.asp] , Official Website of the San Antonio River Walk, February 16, 2008.] [ [http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/AA/fal2_print.html] , The Handbook of Texas Online; a project of the Texas State Historical Association.]


External links

* [http://www.i-bejar.com/ Béjar]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Béjar — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Béjar Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Béjar — steht für: Béjar (Salamanca), Municipio in der Provinz Salamanca, Spanien Herzog von Béjar, Angehöriger des spanischen Hochadels Béjar ist der Nachname folgender Personen: Feliciano Béjar Ruiz (1920–2007), mexikanischer Künstler Luis Alfredo… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bejar — (Барселона,Испания) Категория отеля: Адрес: Bejar 28, Сантс Монжуик, 08014 Барселона, Испания …   Каталог отелей

  • Bejar — Béjar Béjar Données générales Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Béjar — Drapeau Blason …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bejar — (spr. Bechar), 1) befestigte Stadt in der spanischen Provinz Salamanca, an der Sierra de Bejar, Tuch u. Hufeisenfabrikation, besuchte Heilbäder; 5000 Ew.; 2) (S. Antonio de B.), Hauptstadt des mexikanischen Staates Texas, zwischen dem Rio de los… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Béjar —   [be xar], Stadt in der Provinz Salamanca, Region Kastilien León, Spanien, 958 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 17 300 Einwohner; in beherrschender Passlage in der Sierra de Béjar (bis 2 400 m über dem Meeresspiegel); lebhafter Handel, Tuchfabrikation …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Béjar — (spr. béchar), Bezirkshauptstadt in der span. Provinz Salamanca, malerisch am Nordabhang der Sierra de B. und an der Eisenbahn Plasencia Astorga gelegen, 963 m ü. M., von alten Mauern umgeben, mit großem, halbverfallenem Schloß und (1900) 9438… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bejar — Bējar (spr. bechahr), feste Stadt in der span. Prov. Salamanca, (1897) 9857 E.; Textilindustrie, Schinken …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bejar — (spr. Bechar), span. Stadt in der Provinz Salamanka, mit 5000 E. und starkem Handel mit Schinken …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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