Murad V
Osmanli-nisani.svg    Murad V
Ottoman Sultan
Caliph
Tughra of Murad V.JPG
Reign 1876
Period Decline of the Ottoman Empire
Full Name Murad V
Born 21 September 1840(1840-09-21)
Died 29 August 1904(1904-08-29) (aged 63)
Predecessor Abdülaziz
Successor Abdülhamid II
Consort to Eleru Mevhibe Kadın Efendi
Reftaridil Kadın Efendi
Sahcan Kadın Efendi
Meyliservet Haseki Kadın Efendi
Rezan Haseki Kadın Efendi
Cenaniyar Kadın Efendi
Filizten Kadın Efendi
Gevheri Kadın Efendi
Teranidil Kadın Efendi
Offspring Prince Şehzade Mehmed Selaheddin Efendi
Prince Şehzade Suleiman Efendi
Princess Hadice Sultan
Prince Şehzade Seyfeddin Efendi
Princess Fehime Sultan
Princess Fatma Sultan
Princess Aliye Sultan
Royal House House of Osman
Dynasty Ottoman Dynasty
Father Abdülmecid I
Valide Sultan Shevkefza

Murad V (Ottoman Turkish: مراد خامس) (September 21/22 1840 - 29 August 1904) was the 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire who reigned from 30 May to 31 August 1876.

He was born at Istanbul (Istanbul),[1][2] Topkapı Palace. His father was Abdülmecid I. His mother, whom his father married in Constantinople on 1 August 1839, was Valide Sultan Shevkefza, (Poti, 12 December 1820 - Constantinople, Ortaköy, Çırağan Palace, 17 September 1889), originally named Vilma, a Mingrelian. He was born at Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Constantinople.

Contents

Reign

Murad became the Sultan when his uncle Abdülaziz was deposed. He was highly influenced by French culture. He reigned for 93 days before being deposed on the grounds that he was supposedly mentally ill, however his opponents may likely have used those grounds to stop his implementation of democratic reforms.[3] As a result, he was unable to deliver the Constitution that his supporters had sought. The ensuing political instability caused by his ousting moved the empire closer to the disastrous war with Russia, then-ruled by Alexander II.

He died at Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Constantinople, and was buried in Constantinople on 30 August 1904. His brother, Abdul Hamid II, ascended to the throne on 31 August 1876.

Marriages and children

He married firstly at Istanbul, Beşiktaş, Beşiktaş Palace, on 2 January 1857 to Georgian HH Eleru Mevhibe Kadın Efendi (Tbilisi, 6 August 1835 - Chichli, 21 February 1936), and had one child.[citation needed]

He married secondly at Istanbul, Beşiktaş, Beşiktaş Palace, on 4 February 1859 to Azerbaijani HH Reftaridil Kadın Efendi (Ganja, 5 June 1838 - Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, 3 March 1936), and had one child.[citation needed]

He married thirdly at Istanbul, Beşiktaş, Beşiktaş Palace, on 5 February 1869 to Caucasian HH Sahcan Kadın Efendi (Hopa, Caucasus, 4 January 1853 - Ortaköy 15 March 1945), and had two children.[citation needed]

He married fourthly at Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, on 8 June 1874 to Georgian HH Meyliservet Haseki Kadın Efendi (Batumi, 21 October 1854 - Constantinople, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, 9 December 1903), and had one child, HIH Princess Fehime Sultan.[citation needed]

He married fifthly at Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, on 2 November 1877 to Georgian HH Rezan Haseki Kadın Efendi (Artvin, 28 March 1860 - Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, 31 March 1910), and had two children.[citation needed]

He also married HH Cenaniyar Kadın Efendi, HH Jahvar-riz Kadin Efendi (1862–1940), HH Filizten Kadın Efendi (1865–1945), HH Gevheri Kadın Efendi and HH Teranidil Kadın Efendi, a sister of his second wife HH Reftaridil Kadın Efendi, without children.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ The Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol.7, Edited by Hugh Chisholm, (1911), 3; Istanbul, the capital of the Turkish Empire...
  2. ^ Britannica, Istanbul:When the Republic of Turkey was founded in 1923, the capital was moved to Ankara, and Istanbul was officially renamed Istanbul in 1930.
  3. ^ Palmer, Alan. The Decline and Fall of the Ottoman Empire, 1992. Page 141-143.

External links

Murad V
Born: September 21, 1840 Died: August 29, 1904
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Abdülâziz
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
May 30, 1876 - Aug 31, 1876
Succeeded by
Abdul Hamid II
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Abdülâziz
Caliph of Islam
May 30, 1876 - Aug 31, 1876
Succeeded by
Abdul Hamid II

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