Abaddon

Abaddon

Abaddon (Hebrew אבדון "Avaddon", meaning "destruction"). In Biblical references ("Job" 26:6; "Proverbs" 15:11), it comes to mean "place of destruction", or the realm of the dead, and is associated with Sheol. Abaddon is also one of the compartments of Gehenna.Metzger & Coogan (1993) O"xford Companion to the Bible", p3.] By extension, it can mean an underworld abode of lost souls, or hell. In some legends, it is identified as a realm where the damned lie in fire and snow, one of the places in Hell that Moses visited. Ginzberg, Lewis. "The Legends of the Jews", Volume II: From Joseph to Exodus. 1909. [http://www.sacred-texts.com/jud/loj/loj206.htm] ]

In "Revelation" 9:11, it is personified as Abaddon, "Angel of the Abyss", rendered in Greek as Apollyon; and he is described as king of the locusts which rose at the sounding of the fifth trumpet. In like manner, in Rev. vi. 8, Hades is personified following after death to conquer the fourth part of the earth.

Abaddon is one of the infernal names used in LaVeyan Satanism, and is first in the list—only as it comes first alphabetically—and means "the destroyer."

Identification of Abaddon

Many Biblical scholars believe him to be Satan or the antichrist
Jehovah's Witnesses originally also considered Abaddon a demon, but now identify him with Jesus. [The Watchtower, May 1, 1992 p. 11, “"Keep Close in Mind the Day of Jehovah".”]

According to them, there are several proofs in favor of their concepts, including Revelation 20:1, which reads that "the angel with the key of the abyss and a large prison in his hand seized the dragon (Satan the Devil) and threw him down into the abyss, and closed it on him (Satan)", meaning that the 'angel of the key' had power and authority superior to that of the Devil himself. Therefore, from their standpoint, Abaddon, "the angel with the key of the abyss" (see Revelation 9:1,11) and "the ancient serpent", "the dragon", Satan the Devil, must not be both the same person.

External links

* [http://www.cblibrary.org/schaff_h/aa/abaddon.htm "Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge"] Abaddon

References

*cite book
last =Metzeger
first =Bruce M. (ed)
authorlink =
coauthors = Michael D. Coogan (ed)
title = The Oxford Companion to the Bible
publisher = Oxford University Press
date = 1993
location = Oxford, UK
pages =
url =
doi =
isbn = 0-19-504645-5

*cite book
last =Halley
first =Henry H.
authorlink =
coauthors = James E. Ruark (ed)
title = Halley's Bible Handbook
publisher = ZondervanPublishingHouse
date = 2000
location = Grand Rapids, MI
pages =
url =
doi =
isbn = 0-310-22479-9

*cite book
last =MacDonald
first =William
authorlink =
coauthors = Art Farstad (ed)
title = Believer's Bible Commentary
publisher = Thomas Nelson Publishers
date = 1995
location = Nashville, TN
pages =
url =
doi =
isbn = 0-8407-1972-8

*Catholic
*1911
*"This article incorporates text from the public-domain "Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge" 1907"


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  • Abaddon — (vom hebräisch abad „Untergang, Vertilgung, Abgrund“ über griech. abaton „Grube“). Schon im Alten Testament ist des Öfteren die Rede von Abaddon, immer im engen Zusammenhang mit dem Scheol (Hi 26,6 EU; 28,22 EU und Ps 88,11 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abaddon — • A Hebrew word signifying: ruin, destruction (Job 31:12); place of destruction; the Abyss, realm of the dead (Job 26:6; Proverbs 15:11) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Abaddon     Abaddon …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Abaddon — A*bad don ([.a]*b[a^]d d[u^]n), n. [Heb. [=a]badd[=o]n destruction, abyss, fr. [=a]bad to be lost, to perish.] 1. The destroyer, or angel of the bottomless pit; the same as Apollyon and Asmodeus. [1913 Webster] 2. Hell; the bottomless pit.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Abaddon — (hebr.), 1) Abgrund, nach rabbin. Sagen die tiefste Stelle der Hölle; 2) Engel des Verderbens, von Klopstock in der Messiade zum Abaddona benutzt …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Abaddon — (hebr., »Verderben, Untergang«), dichterische Bezeichnung (Hiob 26, 6) für Totenreich, Unterwelt (Scheol), nach rabbinischen Sagen die tiefste Hölle; in der Offenbarung Johannis (9, 11) Name des obersten der Teufel und seiner Scharen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Abaddon — (hebr., »Untergang«), im A. T. dichterisch für Unterwelt; Offenb. Joh. 9, 11 ein böser Engel (bei Klopstock im »Messias« Abadonna) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Abaddon — Abaddon, hebr. = Vernichtung; im A. T. gleichbedeutend mit Scheol, Unterwelt, in Joh. Off. X, 11 Engel des Abgrundes, des Verderbens …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Abaddon —   [hebräisch »Untergang«],    1) Altes Testament: Metapher für die Totenwelt; gelegentlich auch personifiziert (z. B. Hiob 28, 22).    2) Neues Testament: der Engel des Verderbens (Offenbarung des Johannes 9, 11).    3) rabbinische Literatur: Ort …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Abaddon — late 14c., used in Rev. ix:11 of the angel of the bottomless pit, and by Milton of the pit itself, from Heb. Abhaddon destruction, from abhadh he perished. The Greek form was APOLLYON (Cf. Apollyon) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Abaddon — [ə bad′ n] n. [Heb, destruction, abyss] Bible 1. the place of the dead; nether world: Job 26:6 2. in Revelation, the angel of the abyss; Apollyon: Rev. 9:11 …   English World dictionary


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