Malmedy


Malmedy
Malmedy
Malmedy from the south

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Malmedy is located in Belgium
Malmedy
Location in Belgium
Coordinates: 50°25′N 06°01′E / 50.417°N 6.017°E / 50.417; 6.017
Country Belgium
Region Wallonia
Community French Community
Province Liège
Arrondissement Verviers
Government
 - Mayor André Denis
Area
 - Total 99.96 km2 (38.6 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2010)[1]
 - Total 12,161
 - Density 121.7/km2 (315.1/sq mi)
Postal codes 4960
Area codes 080
Website http://malmedy.be

Malmedy (German obsolete Malmünd) is a municipality of Belgium. It lies in the country's Walloon Region, Province of Liège. It belongs to the French Community of Belgium, within which it is French-speaking with facilities for German-speakers. On January 1, 2006 Malmedy had a total population of 11,829. The total area is 99.96 km² which gives a population density of 118 inhabitants per km².

Contents

History

Malmedy Cathedral, built in 1777
Malmedy Abbey, founded in 648, the sister of Stavelot Abbey
Plaque next to the shelter where civilians had been hiding during the bombings of 23,24,25 December 1944
Malmedy, central square

Some old sources spell the city's name "Malmédy" as this accent was intentionally added when being part of Prussia and Germany, but its official website lists it as "Malmedy", with no accent. In 1919 the city was annexed by the treaty of Versailles from Germany to Belgium, along with the neighboring city of Eupen, it formed an area of a German speaking community of Belgium. From 1940-1945 Malmedy was re-incorporated back into Germany, which was reversed after the war.

Under the complex administrative structures of Belgium, which has separate structures for territorial administration and for language community rights, Malmedy is part of the Walloon Region and of the French Community of Belgium. But since it has a significant German speaking minority, it is one of Belgium's municipalities with language facilities (or "municipalities with facilities"). Malmedy and Waimes are the two municipalities in the Walloon Region with facilities for German speakers. The population of Malmedy is approximately 80% Francophones (French speakers) and 20% German speakers. The variety of German spoken there is Moselle Franconian.

The main church of Malmedy was built in 1777 and served as a cathedral from 1920 to 1925. It still holds the title of cathedral. Malmedy was historically part of a clerical microstate, the Principality of Stavelot-Malmedy, but was annexed by France in 1795 and by Prussia in 1815.[2]

After World War I

At the end of the First World War, Malmedy and neighbouring Eupen were subject to a plebiscite to determine whether the region would be separated from Germany and annexed to Belgium. The plebiscite ballots required registration of the names and addresses of the pro-German voters (the others were assumed to be pro-Belgian), and the German-speaking population of Eupen and Malmedy was intimidated.[citation needed] Both were formally annexed on March 6, 1925.

World War II

In 1944, during the Battle of the Bulge, the area was the site of the Malmedy massacre, where 84 American prisoners of war were executed by German SS troops. Moreover, on 23, 24 and 25 December 1944 the city was bombed repeatedly by the United States Army Air Forces despite the fact it was actually under control of U.S. troops. Approximately 200 civilians were killed in the tragic attacks, while the number of American casualties has never been revealed by the United States Department of Defense.

See also

References

  1. ^ Population per municipality on 1 January 2010 (XLS; 221 KB)
  2. ^ Jean Finot. New York Times, May 30, 1915.

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Malmédy — Malmedy Malmedy …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Malmédy — Malmedy …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Malmedy — Malmedy …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Malmedy — Porté en Belgique, le nom désigne celui qui est originaire de la ville de Malmédy (province de Liège). Variantes : Malmedier, Malmendier. Le toponyme est mentionné pour la première fois dans une copie du Xe siècle d un texte de 648 sous la forme… …   Noms de famille

  • Malmedy — Malmedy, 1) sonst reichsunmittelbare Benedictiner Mönchs Abtei im westfälischen Kreise; 675 von Rematejs, Bischof von Tongern, gestiftet; stand mit Stablo unter einem Fürstabte, welcher auf dem Reichstage seinen Sitz zwischen den Äbten zu Prüm u …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Malmĕdy — Malmĕdy, Kreisstadt im preuß. Regbez. Aachen, in einem wilden Bergkessel an der Warche und der Staatsbahnlinie Weismes M., 333 m ü. M., hat 2 kath. Kirchen und einen evang. Betsaal, ein neues Rathaus (1900), Progymnasium, Amtsgericht,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Malmedy — Malmĕdy, Kreisstadt im preuß. Reg. Bez. Aachen, an der Warche, (1905) 4827 E., Amtsgericht, Stahlquelle; Lederindustrie; 675 gegründete, bis 1801 reichsunmittelbare Benediktinerabtei. – Vgl. Kellen (1897) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Malmedy — Malmedy, preuß. Stadt im Reg. Bez. Aachen, berühmt durch ihre Gerbereien, zählt 4600 E.; Stahlquelle …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Malmédy — com. de Belgique (prov. de Liège), en Ardenne; 10 040 hab. égl. du XVIIIe s. Au VIIe s., saint Remade fonda sur le site une abbaye, et la ville fut une principauté abbatiale jusqu à son annexion par la France (1801). En 1815, la Prusse obtint une …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Malmedy — (Dutch, French, German), Malmünde (former German) …   Names of cities in different languages


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