Seraing


Seraing
Seraing
City Hall and statue of John Cockerill

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Coat of arms
Seraing is located in Belgium
Seraing
Location in Belgium
Coordinates: 50°35′N 05°30′E / 50.583°N 5.5°E / 50.583; 5.5
Country Belgium
Region Walloon Region
Community French Community
Province Liège
Arrondissement Liège
Government
 - Mayor Alain Mathot (PS)
 - Governing party/ies PS
Area
 - Total 35.34 km2 (13.6 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2010)[1]
 - Total 62,698
 - Density 1,774.1/km2 (4,595/sq mi)
Demographics
 - Foreigners 14.70% (7 January 2005)
Postal codes 4100, 4101, 4102
Area codes 04
Website www.seraing.be

Seraing is a Walloon municipality of Belgium in Province of Liege. The municipality of Seraing includes the old communes of Boncelles, Jemeppe-sur-Meuse, and Ougrée. With Liège, Herstal, Saint-Nicolas, Ans, and Flémalle it forms the greater Liège agglomeration (600,000 inhabitants). To the south of Seraing are the Condroz, followed by the Ardennes region.

In addition to its steel factories, Seraing counts a famous crystal manufacture at Val Saint Lambert, which has been operating on the site of an old Cistercian abbey since 1826. The site of the Arcelor steel company, previously known as Cockerill-Sambre, is the former summer residence of the prince-bishops of Liège.

Contents

History

Antiquity and Middle Ages

Several skeletons, potshards, weapons, and jewels were discovered here, dating from the 5th and 6th century, attesting to Seraing being inhabited in Frankish times. The first mention of Saran dates from 956, when a Carolingian farming domain extending on both sides of the Meuse River and owned by someone named Saran was donated to the abbey of Sint-Truiden. The whole territory soon passed to the Bishopric of Liège. In the 11th century, Prince-Bishop Henri I of Verdun used a house in Seranus to entertain guests. Throughout the Middle Ages, the inhabitants of Seraing owed allegiance to Liège, pledging to defend the fluvial approach to the city in case of invasion, in exchange for tax exonerations. The first wooden bridge across the river, which replaced the ferry, was built in 1381.

Bridge over the Meuse River, in 1902

Industrial development

The name of the town changed several times throughout its history, with the current spelling only being set in the 18th century. At around that time, various factors combined to attract industrial investors to Seraing: the advent of the Industrial Revolution, the proximity of the Meuse River, and the discovery of coal at Ougrée. The first ironworks were founded there in 1809. John Cockerill revolutionized the steel industry by using blast furnaces and coke instead of traditional charcoal. These inventions would be the basis for his new company founded in Seraing in 1817. Over the next decades, many more metallurgical plants and foundries were built in this area, which became an integral part of Wallonia's industrial backbone, the sillon industriel. Glassworkers found the proximity of a cheap source of coal attractive. The Val Saint Lambert started its operations in 1826.

Crystal vase from Val Saint Lambert
A macrale
John Cockerill statue and tomb

Recent Developments

Seraing was the first location in Belgium where The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints built in Belgium. Work began on the building in 1927 and completed before the end of 1930.[2]

Sights

  • The Val Saint Lambert site includes the old abbey and the crystal manufacture, where glass workers still blow, carve, and etch the world-famous pieces of art. The neighbouring castle houses a glass museum.
  • The Cockerill castle used to be the summer residence of the prince-bishops of Liège, then a hospital under Napoleon, a powder magazine, and the personal property of William I of the Netherlands, who ceded it to the Cockerill family in 1817.
  • Besides the Cockerill castle, the historic centre of the city also includes the city hall and the main church, which harbours 12th-century baptismal fonts.
  • The forested region south of Seraing offers a multitude of strolls and hikes.

Folklore

  • According to an old local legend, witches (Walloon: macrales) abound in the Seraing erea. The macrales have been resurrected in the year 2000 and are now a regular staple of the local folklore.
  • Like many other towns in Wallonia, Seraing has its own giant puppet: Li Rayeû d’class.
  • Seraing also counts a number of colourful associations, including a coopers’ brotherhood, whose goal is to revive the wineries of the Val Saint Lambert abbey, and the “Gay Boulet” brotherhood, whose mission is to popularize the “Boulet Liégeois”, a local recipe.

Famous inhabitants

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Seraing is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ Population per municipality on 1 January 2010 (XLS; 221 KB)
  2. ^ Jenson, Andrew. Encyclopedic History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. (Salt Lake City: Deseret News Press, 1941) p. 269

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Seraing — Seraing …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Seraing —   [sə rɛ̃], Stadt in der Provinz Lüttich, Belgien, an der Maas, 61 100 Einwohner; Institut für Arbeitsmedizin; Eisenhüttenwerk, Maschinenbau, Herstellung von Rüstungsbedarf, Freiformschmiedeteilen, Motoren und Betonwaren, Kristallglashütte.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Seraing — (spr. ßöräng), Flecken in der belg. Provinz und dem Arrond. Lüttich, südwestlich bei der Stadt Lüttich, an der Maas und der Nordbahnlinie Lüttich Namur, einst die Sommerresidenz des Fürstbischofs von Lüttich, mit ehemals bischöflichem Schloß,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Seraing — (spr. Seräng), Flecken im Arrondissement u. der Provinz Lüttich, am rechten Ufer der Maas, 1/2 Stunde südwestlich von Lüttich, an der Eisenbahn nach Namur; viele Lusthäuser der Lütticher, ehemaliges Lustschloß des Bischofs von Lüttich,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Seraing — (spr. ßĕräng), Fabrikstadt in der belg. Prov. Lüttich, an der Maas, (1904) 39.843 E., mit den Vororten Ougrée, Tilleur und Jemeppe 71.468 E., Maschinenbauwerkstätten, Kohlengruben …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Seraing — (–äng), belg. Dorf bei Lüttich, mit mehr als 12000 E.; weltbekannt durch John Cockerills industrielle Anstalten (s. Cockerill) …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Seraing — com. de Belgique (prov. de Liège), sur la Meuse; 64 540 hab. Centre sidérurgique et métallurgique …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Seraing —  Pour les articles homophones, voir Serein, Serain et Serin. Seraing …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Seraing — {{{nombre}}} Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Seraing — ▪ Belgium       municipality, Liège province, Wallonia region, eastern Belgium. It lies along the Meuse River, 6 miles (10 km) upstream from Liège. Seraing is a historic hub of Belgium s iron, steel, and machine building industries. In 1817 the… …   Universalium


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