Bartolomé Esteban Murillo


Bartolomé Esteban Murillo
Bartolomé Esteban Murillo
Born late December 1617; baptised January 1, 1618
Seville, Spain
Died April 3, 1682 (aged 64)
Seville, Spain
Nationality Spanish
Field Painting, Drawing
Movement Baroque

Bartolomé Esteban Murillo (born late December 1617, baptised January 1, 1618 – April 3, 1682) was a Spanish Baroque painter. Although he is best known for his religious works, Murillo also produced a considerable number of paintings of contemporary women and children. These lively, realist portraits of flower girls, street urchins, and beggars constitute an extensive and appealing record of the everyday life of his times.

Contents

Life

Murillo was born in Seville, the youngest son in a family of fourteen. His father was a barber and surgeon. His parents died when Murillo was still very young, and the artist was largely brought up by his aunt and uncle. Murillo married Beatriz Cabrera in 1645; their first child, named Maria, was born shortly after their marriage. The mother and daughter became the subjects of two of his paintings; The Virgin of the Rosary[1][2] and Madonna and Child.

Career

Two women at a window

Murillo began his art studies under Juan del Castillo in Seville. Murillo became familiar with Flemish painting; the great commercial importance of Seville at the time ensured that he was also subject to influences from other regions. His first works were influenced by Zurbarán, Jusepe de Ribera and Alonzo Cano, and he shared their strongly realist approach. As his painting developed, his more important works evolved towards the polished style that suited the bourgeois and aristocratic tastes of the time, demonstrated especially in his Roman Catholic religious works.

In 1642, at the age of 26 he moved to Madrid, where he most likely became familiar with the work of Velázquez, and would have seen the work of Venetian and Flemish masters in the royal collections; the rich colors and softly modeled forms of his subsequent work suggest these influences.[2] He returned to Seville in 1645. In that year, he painted thirteen canvases for the monastery of St. Francisco el Grande in Seville which gave his reputation a well-deserved boost. Following the completion of a pair of pictures for the Seville Cathedral, he began to specialize in the themes that brought him his greatest successes, the Virgin and Child, and the Immaculate Conception.[3]

After another period in Madrid, from 1658 to 1660, he returned to Seville, where he died. Here he was one of the founders of the Academia de Bellas Artes (Academy of Art), sharing its direction, in 1660, with the architect, Francisco Herrera the Younger. This was his period of greatest activity, and he received numerous important commissions, among them the altarpieces for the Augustinian monastery, the paintings for Santa María la Blanca (completed in 1665), and others.

Legacy

Murillo room in Museum of Cádiz

Murillo had many pupils and followers. The prolific imitation of his paintings ensured his reputation in Spain and fame throughout Europe, and prior to the 19th century his work was more widely known than that of any other Spanish artist.[2] His painting, Christ on the Cross is at the Timken Museum of Art, San Diego.[4]

Gallery

Notes

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b c Bartolome Esteban Murillo, Britannica online Encyclopedia, retrieved 30 Sept. 2007.
  3. ^ The center medallion of the badge of the Spanish Order of Charles III is clearly modelled on Murillo's unique manner of representing the Immaculate Conception.
  4. ^ "Christ on the Cross". Timken Museum of Art. http://www.timkenmuseum.org/collection/italian/christ-on-the-cross. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bartolomé Esteban Murillo — «Murillo» redirige aquí. Para otras acepciones, véase Murillo (desambiguación). Autorretrato, hacia 1670, óleo sobre lienzo, 122 x 107 cm. Londres, National Gallery. Inscripción: Bartus Murillo seipsum depin/gens pro filiorum votis acpreci/bus… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bartolome Esteban Murillo —     Bartolomé Esteban Murillo     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Bartolomé Esteban Murillo     Spanish painter; b. at Seville, 31 December, 1617; d. there 5 April, 1682. His family surname was Esteban; that of Murillo, which he assumed in accordance… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Bartolome Esteban Murillo — Bartolomé Esteban Murillo Pour les articles homonymes, voir Murillo. Le jeune Mendiant Barto …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bartolomé Esteban Murillo — Statue Murillos in Madrid. Bartolomé Esteban Murillo (* 1. Januar 1618 in Sevilla; † 3. April 1682 ebenda) war ein spanischer Maler des Barock. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bartolomé Esteban Murillo — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Murillo. Bartolomé Esteban Murillo Autoportait (vers 1670 1672) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bartolomé Esteban Murillo — Para otros significados de Murillo, ver Murillo (desambiguación). Bartolomé Esteban Murillo (Sevilla, 1617 Cádiz, 1682) Pintor español. Nació en 1617 en el seno de una familia de catorce hermanos, de los que fue el benjamín. Quedó huérfano de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bartolome Esteban Murillo — noun Spanish painter (1617 1682) • Syn: ↑Murillo • Instance Hypernyms: ↑painter …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bartolome Esteban Murillo — n. (1617 1682) Spanish painter …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Bartolomé Esteban Perez Murillo — Statue Murillos in Madrid. Bartolomé Esteban Murillo (* 1. Januar 1618 in Sevilla; † 3. April 1682 ebenda) war ein spanischer Maler des Barock. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Esteban Murillo — Statue Murillos in Madrid. Bartolomé Esteban Murillo (* 1. Januar 1618 in Sevilla; † 3. April 1682 ebenda) war ein spanischer Maler des Barock. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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