Halo: Reach
Halo: Reach
Halo- Reach box art.png
Developer(s) Bungie
Publisher(s) Microsoft Game Studios
Composer(s) Martin O'Donnell
Series Halo
Platform(s) Xbox 360
Release date(s) September 14, 2010[1]
  • JP September 15, 2010
Genre(s) First-person shooter
Mode(s) Single-player, co-op, multiplayer
Rating(s)
Media/distribution Optical disc

Halo: Reach is a first-person shooter video game developed by Bungie and published by Microsoft Game Studios for the Xbox 360 console. Reach was released in North America, Australia, and Europe on September 14, 2010. The game takes place in the year 2552, where humanity is locked in a war with the alien Covenant. Players control Noble Six, a member of an elite supersoldier squad, during the battle for the human world of Reach.

Reach was originally announced at the Electronic Entertainment Expo 2009 in Los Angeles, California, with the first in-engine trailer shown at the 2009 Spike Video Game Awards. Players who purchased Halo 3: ODST were eligible to participate in a Reach multiplayer beta in May 2010; the beta allowed Bungie to gain player feedback for fixing bugs and making gameplay tweaks before shipping the final version. The developers focused on creating a compelling world, more difficult enemies, and updated graphics and audio.

Halo: Reach grossed US$200 million on its launch day, setting a new record for the franchise. The game sold well in most territories, moving more than three million units its first month in North America. Critical reception was positive; reviewers from publications such as IGN, GamePro, and Official Xbox Magazine called it the best Halo title yet. Reach was Bungie's final Halo game, with future games overseen by the Microsoft subsidiary 343 Industries.

Contents

Gameplay

The player character fires their assault rifle at enemy Covenant forces, flanked by members of Noble Team.

Halo: Reach is a shooter game in which players experience gameplay predominantly from a first-person perspective. Players assume the role of Noble Six, a supersoldier engaged in combat with an alien collective known as the Covenant. Gameplay is more similar to Halo: Combat Evolved than later games in the series. The player character is equipped with a recharging energy shield that absorbs damage from weapons fire and impacts. When the energy shield is depleted, the player character loses health; when the character's health reaches zero, the game reloads from a saved checkpoint. Health is replenished using health packs scattered throughout Reach's levels.[2]

In Halo 3, player characters could carry single-use equipment power-ups that offer temporary offensive or defensive advantages.[3][4] This system of single-use equipment is replaced in Reach by reusable and persistent "armor abilities" that remain with a character until they are replaced.[5] Among the abilities are a jetpack, active camouflage, sprint, and "armor lock", which immobilizes the player but grants invincibility for a brief period of time.[6] Reach features updated versions of old weapons, plus new weapons fulfilling various combat roles.[7]

Multiplayer

Reach supports player-versus-player multiplayer through splitscreen on a single Xbox 360, local networks (System Link), and the Xbox Live service. Reach includes standard multiplayer modes such as Slayer and Capture the Flag, as well as gametypes new to the franchise. In "Headhunter", player characters drop skulls upon death, which other players can pick up and deposit at special zones for points. When a player dies, all their accumulated skulls are dropped. "Stockpile" has teams race to collect neutral flags, holding them at capture points every minute for points. "Generator Defense" pits three human supersoldiers, or Spartans, against three Covenant soldiers called Elites. The Elites' objective is to destroy three generators, while Spartans defend the installation. After every round the players switch roles. "Invasion" is a six versus six mode with three squads of two on each team.[8] The gametype pits Spartans against Elites; Elites vie for control of territories to disable a shield guarding a navigation core. Once the shield is disabled, they must transfer the core to a dropship; the Spartans must prevent this. As the game progresses, new vehicles and areas of the map become open.[2]

Alongside other multiplayer options is "Firefight", where players take on increasingly difficult waves of foes in a game of survival. Players can customize Firefight options, including the number and types of enemies. Firefight versus allows a player-controlled Elite team to try and stop the Spartan team from scoring points. Game modes like Generator Defense are also playable in Firefight.[9][10][11]

Also included with Reach is Forge, a level editor. Players can edit the default multiplayer maps and a large empty map known as Forge World, adding or modifying spawn points, weapons and items. Objects may be phased into other objects, and can also be snapped to specific orientations.[12]

Plot

Setting and characters

Reach takes place in a futuristic science fiction setting; the year is 2552, shortly before the events of the video game Halo: Combat Evolved,[13] and during the events of the novel Halo: The Fall of Reach. Humans, under the auspices of the United Nations Space Command (UNSC), have been waging a long war against a collective of alien races known as the Covenant. By the events of Reach, almost all of humanity's interstellar colonies have fallen. Reach itself is an Earthlike colony that serves as the UNSC's main military hub. The colony is home to over 700 million civilians in addition to the military presence.[14]

The game follows the actions of "Noble Team", a UNSC special operations unit composed of elite supersoldiers known as Spartans. Players assume the role of an unnamed new addition to the team, and are identified by the call sign Noble Six.[15] Noble Team's leader is Carter-A259, a no-nonsense soldier. His second-in-command, Kat-B320, has a bionic arm; together, Carter and Kat are the only remaining original members of Noble Team. The other current members include heavy weapons specialist Jorge-052, assault specialist Emile-A239, and marksman Jun-A266.[5][13]

Story

Noble Team, dispatched to discover why a communications relay has gone offline, discovers Covenant forces on Reach. Soon after, the team defends "Sword Base", an Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) installation, from a Covenant vessel. The team meets Catherine Halsey, a scientist and the mastermind behind the Spartan program and their MJOLNIR powered armor. Halsey informs Noble Team that the Covenant forces at the relay were searching for important information.

Jun and Six are dispatched on a covert mission to assess the Covenant's strength and discover an invasion force. The following morning, Noble Team leads UNSC forces in assaulting a Covenant ground base. When a massive Covenant super-carrier joins the fight, Jorge and Six take part in a plan to destroy the carrier using a makeshift bomb. The Spartans use starfighters to infiltrate a smaller Covenant ship, prepare the bomb and set the ship on a docking course with the carrier. The bomb's timer malfunctions, so Jorge stays behind and sacrifices himself to destroy the carrier. Moments later, huge numbers of Covenant ships arrive at Reach and begin a full-scale invasion.

Six returns to the surface and travels to the city of New Alexandria. The Spartan aids the local military in fighting the Covenant and evacuating the city, reuniting with Noble Team along the way. They retreat to an underground bunker, but Kat is killed by a Covenant sniper before they reach it. Recalled to Sword Base, Noble Team is guided underground to an ancient artifact that Halsey believes is key to winning the war against the Covenant. Six, Carter and Emile are entrusted with transporting the artificial intelligence Cortana, and the information she carries concerning the artifact, to the UNSC ship Pillar of Autumn. Jun leaves the team to escort Halsey to another base.

En route to the Autumn's dry dock, Carter is critically wounded. He rams his ship into a Covenant mobile assault platform, allowing Six and Emile to safely reach the shipyard. Emile uses a railgun emplacement to defend the Autumn while Six fights through Covenant ground forces to get Cortana to Captain Jacob Keyes. When Emile is slain by Elites, Six remains behind to control the gun, ensuring the Autumn's escape. The Autumn flees from Reach and discovers a Halo ringworld, sparking the events of Halo: Combat Evolved.

The post-credits scene puts the player in control of Six's last stand against overwhelming Covenant forces. After sustaining heavy damage, Six drops his or her shattered helmet and is overwhelmed. Years later, Six's helmet remains on the grassy plains of a now-restored Reach. A narration by Halsey eulogizes Noble Team, who ultimately enabled humanity's victory over the Covenant.

Development

Design

After Halo 3, development studio Bungie created an internal team to work on Peter Jackson's planned Halo game, Halo Chronicles. Chronicles fell apart and the team began working on a standalone expansion project—Halo 3: ODST—while another team, led by Creative Director Marcus Lehto and Design Lead Christian Allen,[16] worked on Reach.[17] The team considered many different concepts and approaches to the game; among the rejected ideas was a sequel to Halo 3.[18] The team eventually settled on a prequel to the first Halo game in brainstorming sessions. It would take place on the planet Reach, during a pivotal time in the war. "...Reach, as a fictional planet, was just a great candidate [to] play around with. It's such a rich world, with such a great fiction surrounding it," said Lehto. "We were like: 'Okay, that's it. We've just got a lot of things we can do there so we can build an immense story with it.'"[19] No longer burdened with continuing the story threads of the Halo trilogy, Bungie used Reach to introduce new characters and settings.[20] As Reach ends with the destruction of the titular planet, Bungie wanted to be sure players still felt a sense of accomplishment and success. "It is a challenge overall to ensure the player feels they’re doing the right thing all the way to the end," said Lehto.[21][22]

The Halo games consistently featured protagonists that were silent during gameplay sequences. Community manager Brian Jarrard pushed for allowing players to choose a female Noble Six and have the cinematics and dialogue change accordingly.[23] The prequel concept also gave the art team an opportunity to redesign key enemies, weapons, and elements of the series. Artists found inspiration in the original concept art for Halo: Combat Evolved; the shape for the redesigned Covenant Grunts came from a sketch by Shi Kai Wang done ten years earlier.[24] The post-credit game sequence was the subject of intense discussion; some at Bungie wanted to remove it. Executive producer Joe Tung noted, "the 'survive' component ... felt great to us. We definitely talked about different versions of how that was happening and different versions of ending [the game] cinematically, but I think the way that it ultimately ended up is just a really well-paced, significant and emotionally impactful ending."[25]

The developers originally intended to port existing Halo 3 assets to Reach and update them.[24] For Halo 3, Bungie had been forced to shrink parts of the game to fit the game engine's constraints,[23] but wanted to make Reach look better than its predecessors.[26] "The more we started looking into this, the more we found that realistically we could rebuild each asset from scratch with a huge increase in quality without significantly investing more time," said Shepard[24] Texture resolution and polygon counts for models were increased; the Reach assault rifle is constructed of more polygons than an entire Marine character from Halo 3.[24]

The developers redesigned the game engine, the software that handles rendering and much of gameplay.[27] They sought to increase replay value by focusing on improving artificial intelligence.[26] Rather than scripting enemy encounters, the developers focused on a more open world or sandbox approach to battles.[27] Bungie completed Reach near the end of July/beginning of August 2010.[20]

Audio

Composing team Martin O'Donnell and Michael Salvatori scored Reach. O'Donnell wrote "somber, more visceral" music since the plot is character-driven and focuses on a planet that is already known in the universe to have fallen.[28] The first music he wrote for Reach was played for the game's world premiere, and he used it as a starting piece to develop further themes.[29] O'Donnell began work on Reach while ODST, for which he also wrote the music, was still in production, but did not begin composing until August 2009. Past Halo collaborators Salvatori, C. Paul Johnson, and Stan LePard assisted O'Donnell. With Reach, he did not give them strictly divided responsibilities. "I decided this time to come up with some themes, tempos, keys, and other basic starting points for musical ideas," explained O'Donnell. "I shared these with all the other composers and just asked them to take off if they felt inspired by any of that material." The works-in-progress they came up with were either touched up by O'Donnell, or sent back to be finished by their composer.[30]

In previous Halo games, sections of music overlap and change depending on player action. Reach's system of interactive audio was much more complex, featuring the ability to combine up to seven layers of instrumentation compared to Combat Evolved's two.[31] Developers also expanded the sound effect system. Every interacting object in Reach produces two sounds for respective objects; for example, a Warthog vehicle that hits an armored Covenant soldier produces a crunching metal noise based on the two colliding elements.[32] The interaction between objects and terrain was demonstrated in an in-game environment that O'Donnell called "the stripey room" due to the bands of different/alternating colors on the objects and environment.[31]

Announcements

Reach's E3 announcement

Halo: Reach was announced on June 1, 2009, accompanied by a trailer at the Microsoft Electronic Entertainment Expo (E3) press conference.[33] An accompanying press release announced that an invitation to the open multiplayer beta of the game would appear in 2010.[34] Reach is Bungie's last game development for the Halo series. Responsibility for developing future Halo games fell to Microsoft subsidiary 343 Industries.[35]

At E3 2010, Bungie revealed parts of the game's campaign, as well as the Firefight mode. Bungie reached the "Zero Bug Release" milestone on June 23, signifying a shift from content creation to solely bug-fixing. Buggy artificial intelligence would be removed rather than fixed at this point due to time constraints.[35] Bungie released the complete list of achievements for Halo: Reach on July 30, including their titles, symbols, and requirements.[36]

Multiplayer beta

Reach's multiplayer beta was open to owners of Halo 3: ODST. Bungie's previous multiplayer beta for Halo 3 had drawn 800,000 players. More than three million copies of ODST were sold by November 2009,[37] and Bungie estimated between two and three million players for the upcoming Reach.[38] Development schedules forced Bungie to release a six week-old beta, fraught with bugs and issues already addressed in newer builds. Though concerned that these issues might tarnish the game's image, Jarrard noted that they had little choice but to ship it as-is and communicate with players concerning the fixes.[39]

More than 2.7 million players participated in the beta, which lasted from May 3 to May 20.[40] The game was rolled out from an internal group of Bungie or Microsoft employees, with the total number of players in the thousands. When the beta went public, more than a million played the first day, causing back-end servers to struggle to handle the traffic. While the engineering team had overestimated server load, bugs in server clusters caused game uploads to become backed up, slowing matchmaking to a crawl until the underlying issues could be fixed. Jarrard noted that the 16 million total hours of play time and large-scale rollout of the beta was vital to seeing how Reach would perform.[39][41]

Bungie used the beta to fix mistakes, glitches, and balance issues within gameplay elements.[42] "We needed our fans to provide feedback," said Lehto, adding that having a large audience to "hammer" on the game allowed them to gather useful feedback to mold the finished product.[43] The game automatically collected statistics such as upload and matchmaking speeds, as well as game preferences; sorting out what Jarrard called "the more subjective anecdotal feedback" from emails, notes, and forums proved more difficult. The Reach beta generated over 360,000 forum posts on Bungie's community forums. Bungie created official threads for groups of issues to manage the high volume of feedback; "We tried to give people a little bit more of a direct avenue to give that feedback and to make our lives easier. It was definitely a lot to assess and digest," said Jarrard.[39] Certain feedback from the players did not correlate with the statistical data obtained from the matches during the beta. Chris Carney, lead designer for the multiplayer mode, recalled vocal dissatisfaction with the pistol early in the beta; by the end of the beta, the weapon was responsible for most of the kills coming from newly included weapons in the game. Bungie deployed special test matches to eliminate lurking variables, balance gameplay, and make other informed changes.[44]

Release

Reach was released in three editions on September 14, 2010. The standard edition consisted of the game and its manual. The limited edition featured an artifact bag with story information, different packaging, and an exclusive set of in-game Elite armor. The Legendary Edition contained all the materials from the limited edition, a different packaging, two hours of developer commentary on the game's cutscenes, an in-game Spartan armor effect, and a 10-pound (4.5 kg) statue created by McFarlane Toys.[45] North American players who purchased a first run copy of the game (in-store near launch day or pre-ordered) received an in-game Spartan "Recon" helmet customization; players in other regions could earn it only by pre-ordering.[46] Reach also came bundled with a limited edition Xbox 360 Slim that sports Halo-themed sounds and finish and two controllers.[47]

Bungie previously released a demo on May 24th, 2011, featuring a single player level from the game's story mode, a multiplayer competitive map, and a cooperative Firefight mission.[48] Microsoft later listed Reach as an Xbox Live Marketplace download on August 12, 2010, at a price of 99999 Microsoft Points (~US$1250).[49] A spokesperson confirmed the download was for media review purposes, and that there were no plans to distribute the game to the public through Games on Demand.[49] Four days later, hackers managed to access, download, and distribute the game online;[50][51] Microsoft claimed to be actively investigating the matter.[52] Halo 2, Halo 3, and ODST were similarly leaked ahead of release.[53]

Marketing

According to Brian Jarrard, the team decided to have a much more "grandoise" marketing for Reach than that for ODST.[38] Microsoft gave Reach its largest game marketing budget at the time, surpassing the scale and $6.5 million cost of Halo 3's award-winning marketing. Marketers focused their efforts on connecting with consumers via universal themes, rather than outdoing Halo 3's push.[54] Interpublic Group of Companies' AgencyTwoFifteen handled strategy and video development for the marketing push, while AKQA developed interactive components. The agencies were previously involved with Halo 3's marketing. The advertisers' brief was simple: "Remember Reach. Focus on the heroes, not the victims. Expand our audience beyond Halo fanboys."[55]

Bungie began the advertising campaign in April 2010 with the live-action short "Birth of a Spartan".[55] Several lines of merchandise were launched. McFarlane, who had produced toys for Halo 3, created a line of 5-inch action figures,[56] while Square Enix's Play Arts toy label created additional figures.[57]

Reach was released Tuesday, September 14 in 25 countries. Tens of thousands of stores signed up for midnight launch events; sponsored events took place in London, Oslo, Stockholm, and New York.[58] Reach's marketing won several industry distinctions, among them thirteen medals from the MI6 Game Marketing Conference Awards.[59]

Sales

Reach made $200 million in first-day sales, a record for the franchise. Its strong sales suggested to analysts that core titles in the holiday season could reverse sluggish video game sales in 2010.[60] In its first sixteen days the game sold $350 million worth of merchandise.[61] Reach premiered at the top of Xbox 360 and multi-platform charts in most territories.[62] NPD Group figures estimated that Reach sold 3.3 million units in North America, making it the third game for its console generation (Xbox 360, PS3, Wii) to sell more than three million units during the first month since release (alongside Halo 3 and Modern Warfare 2). [63] Halo Reach became the third bestselling game of 2010 in North America, behind Call of Duty: Black Ops and Madden NFL 11.[64]

In the United Kingdom, Reach's opening week was the fifth-best launch in the territory, beating Halo 3's debut by 20,000 units and ODST's by 200,000 units.[65] In its second week on the UK charts Reach was the second bestselling title, displaced by racing game F1 2010.[66] Reach continued to hold the top place in North America.[67][68] Reach debuted in Japan at first place with 44,413 units, but fared poorly in the long-term (as have other Halo games). This showing was above ODST's sales of 29,734 in the comparable timeframe, but below Halo 3's 61,143.[69] Reach dropped out of the top 20 best selling titles entirely its second week.[70][71]

Downloadable content

Reach supports additional downloadable content (DLC). Bungie released their first DLC (dubbed the Noble Map Pack) on November 30, 2010.[72] The Noble Map Pack contains three maps, unique in that they are not based on Reach campaign levels.[73] Microsoft partnered with Certain Affinity, who had worked on Halo 2 maps,[74] to produce the second "Defiant Map Pack",[75] made available for download on March 15, 2011.[76]

343 Industries released a "Title update" for Reach that modified game mechanics such as reticle bloom and melee damage. The update also allows playlists for multiplayer through Halo: Combat Evolved Anniversary.[77] Purchasers of Anniversary will receive a voucher to download the game's seven multiplayer maps directly into Reach.[78]

Reception

 Reception
Aggregate scores
Aggregator Score
GameRankings 91.71%[79]
Metacritic 91/100[80]
Review scores
Publication Score
1UP.com A+[81]
Computer and Video Games 9.2/10[82]
Edge 9/10[83]
Eurogamer 9/10[84]
Famitsu 34/40[85]
Game Informer 9.5/10[86]
GamePro 5/5 stars[87]
Game Revolution A[88]
GameSpot 9.5/10[89]
GamesRadar 8/10[90]
GameTrailers 9.3/10[91]
IGN 9.5/10 (US)[92]

10.0/10 (UK)[93]

Official Xbox Magazine 9.5/10[94]
Official Xbox Magazine (UK) 10.0/10[95]
X-Play 5/5 stars[96]
The Guardian 5/5 stars[97]
The Daily Telegraph 10/10[98]

Halo: Reach received critical acclaim upon its release. It holds an average of 91.71% and 91/100 on aggregate web sites GameRankings and Metacritic.[79][80] Critics such as 1UP.com's Thierry Nguyen, the staff of Edge, and GamePro' Matt Cabral considered Reach the best Halo title yet.[81][83][87] Many noted that there were few major changes to the Halo formula;[89] IGN's Erik Brudvig wrote that Reach was not "another rehash", though franchise veterans would feel immediately at home with the game.[92] Tom Hoggins of The Daily Telegraph commented that the game was unlikely to convert non-Halo fans, as developers took the best elements from previous games and created Reach as "a blistering, breathless crescendo to a decade's worth of work".[98]

Brudvig praised the Campaign for avoiding the "repetitive landscapes and circuitous, difficult to follow plots" of past Halo titles.[92] Game Revolution's Blake Morse wrote that the campaign "succeeded triumphantly" as Bungie's last title, owed to the omission of religious subtext and detracting features like a "telepathic plant that looks like something out of the Little Shop of Horrors".[88] GameSpot's Chris Watters and others felt the friendly non-player character artificial intelligence was less advanced than that of enemies, especially while driving.[89] Steve Boxer wrote for The Guardian that Reach's story made previous entries feel "amateurish";[97] Nguyen felt it was more accessible, but suffered from overly-generic archetypal characters and occasional lapses in exposition.[81] In contrast, Games Radar's Charlie Baratt opined that Reach's campaign was better than ODST's, but lacked the "franchise-changing potential" it promised.[90]

Ben Kuchera of Ars Technica enjoyed the multiplayer component of Reach for its scope—"no matter how you play, you will find something to like."[99] Morse, Baratt, and others lauded the many new and old customization and game options available to players.[90][88] Watters and Kuchera praised the concept of psych profiles to hone more agreeable teammate selections, but questioned its effectiveness.[89][99] G4 considered Reach's Forge World more expansive and impressive than Halo 3's.[96]

Critics considered the audio-visual components a marked advance over Halo 3 and ODST's. New Zealand Herald's Troy Rawhiti-Forbes wrote that with the improved graphics, animation, and voice acting from such stars as Zachary Levi (Chuck/The Nerd Machine), Alona Tal (Supernatural) and Jamie Hector (Law & Order), "Reach looks just like a big-budget Hollywood project."[100] Official Xbox Magazine acknowledged better graphics in other games, but praised Reach for "eye-catching beauty and breathless scope", noting that the inclusion of wildlife and civilians heightened the impression of a planet under siege.[95] Nguyen noted that large amounts of on-screen action occasionally resulted in frame rate slowdowns.[81] Martin Robinson of IGN UK appreciated O'Donnell's moody score and the redone sound effects, and wrote that the new weapons "feel like they're about to tear your hands off".[93]

Awards

Honor Awards Presented by Date
Best Sound[101] GG Awards 2010 Good Game 02010-12-06 December 6, 2010
Best Xbox 360 Game[102] 2010 GR Awards Game Revolution 02010-12-21 December 21, 2010
Best Shooter[103]
Shooter Game of the Year[104] Game of the Year 2010 GameSpy 02010-12-22 December 22, 2010
Game of the Year[105] Drunk Tank Awards 2010 Drunk Tank Podcast 02011-01-05 January 5, 2011
Best Multiplayer Spike Video Game Awards Spike TV 02010-12-11 December 11, 2010

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