- George Butterworth
:"For George Butterworth, Illustrator & Cartoonist, see
George Butterworth (Cartoonist)."George Sainton Kaye Butterworth, MC ( July 12, 1885- August 5, 1916) was an English composerbest known for his settings of A. E. Housman's poems.
Although Butterworth was born in
London, his family moved to Yorkshirenot long after his birth. He received his first musiclessons from his mother, who was a singer, and began composing at an early age. However, his father intended for him to be a solicitor, and he attended Eton College, from there continuing on to Trinity College, Oxford. While at Trinity he became more focused on music, for there he met the folk songcollector Cecil Sharpand composer and folk song enthusiast Ralph Vaughan Williams. Butterworth and Vaughan Williams made several trips into the English countryside to collect folk songs, and both saw their compositions strongly influenced by what they heard. Butterworth was also an expert folk dancer, being particularly fond of Morris dancing.
Vaughan Williams and Butterworth became close friends. It was Butterworth who suggested to Vaughan Williams that he turn a
symphonic poemhe was working on into his "London Symphony". When the manuscript for that piece was lost (having been sent to Fritz Buschin Germany just before the outbreak of war) Butterworth, together with Geoffrey Toyeand the critic Edward J. Dent, helped Vaughan Williams reconstruct the work. [Mann, William, liner notes to EMI CD CDM 7 64017 2, 1987] Vaughan Williams dedicated the piece to Butterworth's memory after his death. Upon leaving Oxford, Butterworth began a career in music, writing criticism for " The Times", composing, and teaching at Radley College, Oxfordshire. He also briefly studied at the Royal College of Musicwhere he worked with Hubert Parryamong others.
First World War
At the outbreak of
World War I, Butterworth signed up for service in the British Army. He served in the Durham Light Infantryas a lieutenant in the 13th Battalion. He was killed by a sniperin 1916 at Pozières leading a raid during the Battle of the Somme. His body was not recovered, and his name appears on the Thiepval memorial, near the site of the Somme. He was awarded the Military Cross, and a trench was named after him.
A Shropshire Lad
Butterworth did not write a great deal of music, and during the war he destroyed many works he did not care for. Of those that survive, his works based on A. E. Housman's collection of poems "
A Shropshire Lad" are the best known. Many English composers of Butterworth's time set Housman's poetry, including Ralph Vaughan Williams.
In 1911 and 1912, Butterworth wrote two
song cycles on Housman's poems. These were eventually published in two cycles, "Six Songs from A Shropshire Lad" and "Bredon Hill and Other Songs". Ten of the songs were first performed while the composer was at Oxford, but the eleventh (On the Idle Hill of Summer) was not written until he was living in London. They are rarely performed in full today, although six of the songs are often presented together, with "Is My Team Ploughing?" being the most famous. Another, "Loveliest of Trees", is the basis for his 1912 orchestral rhapsody, also called "A Shropshire Lad".
The parallel between the often morbid subject matter of "A Shropshire Lad", set in the context of the
Second Boer War, and Butterworth's subsequent death during the Great War is frequently commented upon. A number of Butterworth's other short orchestral works are often heard, "Two English Idylls" (1911) and "The Banks of Green Willow" (1913) among them. The latter work was premiered by the 24-year old Adrian Boultin 1914. It is generally thought by those who have studied his work that he showed promise of greater talent which would have flourished but for his early death.
* [http://www.rubecula.com/Butterworth/Butterworth.html An essay on Butterworth's life and music]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
George Butterworth — Nacimiento 12 de julio … Wikipedia Español
George Butterworth — George Sainton Kaye Butterworth MC (* 12. Juli 1885 in London; † gefallen 5. August 1916 bei Pozières, Somme) war ein englischer Komponist. Leben Butterworth wurde in eine musikalische Familie hineingeboren, die in seinen ersten Lebensjahren nach … Deutsch Wikipedia
George Butterworth (cartoonist) — George Butterworth (1905 1988) worked as a British political, strip and sports cartoonist, and latter as a book illustrator.Butterworth started his career Aged 17, as a cartoonist drawing sports caricatures for the County Express, Stockport,… … Wikipedia
Butterworth — is a surname, and may refer to:* Bob Butterworth, former Florida attorney general * Brad Butterworth (born 1959), yachtsman from New Zealand * Charles Butterworth (actor), film actor of the 1930s and 1940s * Charles Butterworth, academic * Dean… … Wikipedia
Butterworth — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Anthony Butterworth, britischer Mediziner Arthur Butterworth (* 1923), englischer Komponist Benjamin Butterworth (1837–1898), US amerikanischer Politiker Brad Butterworth (* 1959), neuseeländischer Segler… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Butterworth — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Butterworth peut désigner : Patronyme Butterworth est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Brad Butterworth (né en 1959), marin… … Wikipédia en Français
Butterworth, George Sainton Kaye — (1885 1916) One of the most promising of the Edwardian generation of musicians interested in folk music, his work was sadly curtailed by his death in France in August 1916. He came to folk music through his acquaintance with Ralph *Vaughan… … A Dictionary of English folklore
George Joye — (also Joy and Jaye) (c. 1495 ndash; 1553) was a 16th century Bible translator who produced the first printed translation of several books of the Old Testament into English (1530 1534), as well as the first English Primer (1529).His… … Wikipedia
George Kaufman — George S. Kaufman Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kaufman. George S. Kaufman vers 1915 George S. Kaufman (parfois crédité George Kaufman) est un … Wikipédia en Français
George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland — George Eden, 1. Earl of Auckland, GCB (25. August 1784 – 1. Januar 1849), war ein britischer Politiker und Generalgouverneur von Indien . Herkunft Eden war der Sohn des Diplomaten William Eden, der 1789 zum Baron Auckland erhoben wurde. Da sein… … Deutsch Wikipedia