Wavre

Wavre

Infobox Belgium Municipality
name=Wavre
picture=
picture-width=260px
picture-



map-
Walloon Brabant
arms=CommunesBelgique-Wavre.svg



region=BE-REG-WAL
community=BE-FR
province=BE-PROV-BW
arrondissement=Nivelles
nis=25112
pyramid-date=01/01/2006
0-19=24.37
20-64=58.86
65=16.76
foreigners=6.65
foreigners-date=01/07/2005
mayor=Charles Michel (LB)
majority=LB
postal-codes=1300, 1301
telephone-area=010
web= [http://www.wavre.be/ www.wavre.be]
lat_deg=50
lat_min=43
lon_deg=04
lon_min=36

Wavre (Walloon: "Wåve", Dutch: "Waver") is a Walloon city and municipality located in the Belgian province of Walloon Brabant, of which it is the capital.

Wavre is located in the Dyle valley. Its inhabitants speak French and are called "Wavriens" and "Wavriennes". The Wavre municipality includes the old communes of Limal and Bierges.

Wavre is also called "the City of the Maca", referring to the statue of the small boy who tries to climb the wall of the city hall. Tradition holds that touching the Maca's buttocks brings a year of luck.

History

Roman and Medieval times

The foundations of a wealthy Roman villa were found very close to Wavre, complete with a portico and many rooms. This part of Gaul, however, was ravaged by the Germanic invasions in the 3rd and 4th century, and it is only in the year 1050 that Wavre was mentioned for the first time, as a dependency of the County of Leuven, part of the Brabant pagus. The chapel built by the counts near the former Gallo-Roman villa was ceded to the Affligem Abbey a few years later. By the 13th century a market already existed in the budding town built at the crossroads of the Brussels-Namur and Nivelles-Leuven roads. In 1222, Henry I, Duke of Brabant granted the town its city charter. At around the same time, the Affligem Abbey expanded its Wavre possessions into a priory, which attracted pilgrims from a wide region around the city.

16th- to 18th-century disasters

The relative peace of the city came to an end on March 8, 1489, when Albert, Duke of Saxony took it and pillaged it in retaliation for Wavre’s sympathy with Brabant’s revolt against Austria. From then on until the beginning of the 18th century, the city went through one disaster after another. Between the destruction by Charles, Duke of Guelders in 1504 and that brought by Louis XIV’s wars around 1700, Wavre would know several debilitating crises, either at the hand of foreign armies ("e.g.", the Spanish in 1604) or because of epidemics (1624-1625, 1668) or major fires (April 28, 1695 and July 17, 1714). The 18th century was relatively prosperous, but a troubled period started again around 1790, with Wavre’s participation in the Brabant Revolution against Austrian interests. After the Battle of Fleurus (1794), the city became French. Like many of its neighbours, the city suffered from mandatory conscription, curtailment of religious freedoms, and the dissolution of the old administrative offices.

From Waterloo until now

On June 18 and 19, 1815, the Battle of Wavre was fought here on the same day as the Battle of Waterloo. Napoleon had sent Marshal Grouchy to pursue part of the retreating Prussian army under the command of General Johann von Thielmann. Despite hearing the canon sound from nearby Waterloo, Grouchy decided to obey his orders and engage the one Prussian Corps in Wavre. By the time Grouchy’s battle was over, Napoleon had already lost at Waterloo.

The century that followed saw the expansion of local industry, including foundries, a paper mill, and a sugar refinery. Wavre was severely affected by both World Wars, with heavy fighting, bombing and several houses put on fire. Today, Wavre is enjoying renewed prosperity as the capital of the recently created (1995) province of Walloon Brabant.

ights

*The Gothic-style church of St John the Baptist was built in 1475. Its main tower houses a 50-bell carillon.
*The city hall dates from the 18th century. It is housed in the former church of the Carmelites and features a cloistered courtyard.
*In 1975, the first Walibi amusement park, named after Wavre, Limal, and Bierge, opens its doors on the territory of Wavre. Since then, Walibi has become the largest amusement park in Belgium and spawned similar parks in France and the Netherlands. The park was once known as the best themepark in Europe and has over 1.000.000 visitors per year!

Folklore

*The "Jeu de Jean et Alice" is a remake of a medieval play, more exactly a spoken, sung, and danced dialog between Jean and Alice, Lords of Wavre, and the city’s population. The play commemorates the granting of the charter to the city in 1222; it is now an elaborate production (with more than 500 participants) that takes place every five years.
*Since about 200 years ago, the "Grand Tour", a religious procession takes place every year on the Sunday that follows June 24, feast of St John the Baptist, patron saint of the city.
*The city’s carnival includes a handful of traditional giants that take part in the festivities.

People born in Wavre

*Maurice Carême, poet (1899–1978)
*Sœur Sourire ("The Singing Nun"), 1933–1985

Transmitter

Wavre is the location of a broadcasting facility for shortwave, medium wave, FM and TV of the Belgian broadcasting society. As aerial for medium wave a guyed steel framework mast is used. The aerials for FM and TV are on a free standing lattice tower. On October 13, 1983 a storm destroyed the main transmission mast for TV transmission.

External links

* [http://www.wavre.be Official city web site] (in French)
* [http://www.wavre.com Alternative site] (in French)

See also

* Walibi Belgium
* Battle of Wavre
* Wavre Transmitter


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wavre — Wavre …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wavre — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Wavre —   [vaːvr, auch waːvr], Stadt in der Provinz Wallonisch Brabant, Belgien, an der Dijle (französisch Dyle), südöstlich von Brüssel, 29 700 Einwohner; Maschinen und Transportanlagenbau, Metall und Kunststoffverarbeitung.   Stadtbild:   Kirche Saint… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Wavre — Wavre, 1) Stadt an der Dyle in dem Arrondissement Nivelles der belgischen Provinz Brabant; 6060 Ew. Hier am 18. Juni 1815 unentschiedene Schlacht zwischen den Franzosen unter Grouchy u. den Preußen unter Thielmann; s.u. Rusfischdeutscher Krieg… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Wavre — (spr. wāwr ), Stadt in der belg. Provinz Brabant, Arrond. Nivelles, an der Dyle, Knotenpunkt der Staatsbahnlinie Löwen Charleroy und der Neben bahnen W. Rixensart und W. Jodoigne, hat eine Staats Knabenmittelschule, ein erzbischöfliches Seminar,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Wavre — (spr. wahw r) Stadt in der belg. Prov. Brabant, an der Dyle, (1904) 8517 E.; hier 18. Juni 1815 Schlacht, zwischen Preußen (Thielmann) und Franzosen (Grouchy) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Wavre — (Wawr), belg. Stadt an der Dyle, mit 5000 E., 2 Meil. östl. von Belle Alliance; hier verhinderte Thielemann mit 15000 Preußen den Marschall Grouchy am 18. Juni 1815 bei Waterloo mitzuwirken …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Wavre — v. de Belgique sur la Dyle; ch. l. du Brabant wallon; 25 000 hab. égl. XVe XVIIe s …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Wavre — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wavre (homonymie). Wavre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wavre NE — Thielle Wavre Basisdaten Kanton: Neuenburg Bezirk: Neuchâtel …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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