Sint-Truiden


Sint-Truiden
Sint-Truiden
Sint Truiden Grote Markt with eighteenth-century Stadhuis and Lievenvrouwenkerk

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Coat of arms
Sint-Truiden is located in Belgium
Sint-Truiden
Location in Belgium
Coordinates: 50°48′N 05°11′E / 50.8°N 5.183°E / 50.8; 5.183
Country Belgium
Region Flemish Region
Community Flemish Community
Province Limburg
Arrondissement Hasselt
Government
 – Mayor Ludwig Vandenhove (SP.A)
 – Governing party/ies SP.A, Open VLD
Area
 – Total 106.90 km2 (41.3 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2010)[1]
 – Total 39,309
 – Density 367.7/km2 (952.4/sq mi)
Demographics
 – Foreigners 3.16% (7 January 2005)
Postal codes 3800, 3803, 3806
Area codes 011
Website www.sint-truiden.be

Sint-Truiden (Dutch pronunciation: [sɪn ˈtʀœydə]; French: Saint-Trond, French pronunciation: [sɛ̃ tʁɔ̃]) is a city and municipality located in the province of Limburg, Flemish Region, Belgium, near the towns of Hasselt and Tongeren. The municipality includes the old communes of Aalst, Brustem, Duras, Engelmanshoven, Gelinden, Gorsem, Groot-Gelmen, Halmaal, Kerkom-bij-Sint-Truiden, Melveren, Ordingen, Runkelen, Velm, Wilderen, and Zepperen.

The city is in the centre of Belgium's fruit producing region, Haspengouw (Hesbaye), and is renowned for its pears, apples (Jonagold), and sweet cherries.

Contents

History

Origins and Golden Age

The municipality formed around an abbey founded by St. Trudo, a Frankish nobleman, in the 7th century. After Trudo’s death, the abbey became the centre of a pilgrimage, which brought wealth to the neighbouring town. The 11th century was particularly prosperous and witnessed an important growth in population. This was the time when abbot Adelardus, reporting to the Bishop of Metz, built the abbey’s main church and two additional churches in town: Our Lady (Lievenvrouwenkerk) and Sint-Gangulfus. Under his direction, Sint-Truiden also received an earth wall surmounted by a wooden fence and fortified gates. A proper stone wall, gates and towers, were built in 1129. The economy of this new oppidum city was based on the linen industry and commerce with foreign lands such as England, Champagne, and Germany.

In the 13th century, the fortified town became one of the 23 bonnes villes (main cities) belonging to the Bishopric of Liège. A market hall was built at the site where the current city hall stands, the social life of the city was organized by the various guilds, and a perron was erected on the central square, symbolizing the local government’s authority in political affairs.

15th century until now

Charles the Bold captured the town in 1467, marking the beginning of a slow decline that lasted until the 19th century. The city’s fortifications were dismantled in 1675, and many of the religious congregations were disbanded under the French regime at the end of the 18th century. After 1830, these empty buildings were turned into educational and medical facilities. The city was also the centre of a prosperous agricultural region, which from the end of the 19th century became well-known for its fruit production.

On August 9, 1914, at the outset of Germany’s invasion of Belgium, 20 civilians were executed and a number of houses destroyed. The reconstruction and building of brand new neighbourhoods accelerated well into the 20th century.

During World War II, its airfield was the base of one of the most famous Luftwaffe Night Fighter squadron, NJG1, with units II/NJG1 and IV/NJG1 operating Junkers Ju88 and Heinkel He219 aircraft from here in 1944. Even more, the most highest scoreing German night fighter pilot, Heinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer (121 air victories, most of them on night) was referred to as "The ghost of St. Trond" by British Bomber crews that flew over Germany on night attacks raids. The airport EBST is still in use.

Places of interest

Sint-Truiden city hall
  • Sint-Truiden’s historical centre includes the town hall (Stadhuis), with a 17th-century tower classified by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1999. The oldest parts of the building date from the 13th century.
  • The 15th-century Church of Our Lady (Lievenvrouwenkerk) stands just beside the town hall.
  • The béguinage of Sint-Agnes, with its 13th-century church, was also classified by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
  • An 11th-century Romanesque tower and crypt are all that remain of the old abbey of St Trudo. Several other Romanesque buildings can also be visited in town: Sint-Pieterskerk, Sint-Gangulfuskerk, and the Guvelingen chapel.
  • On the abbey square stands the statue of St Trudo which, together with a meridian line traced on the ground, also functions as a sundial.
  • Sint-Truiden offers several good examples of Baroque architecture, including the gable of the town hall and the Minderbroederkerk.
  • The military school KSOO Saffraanberg.

Notable inhabitants

Economy

The airport of Sint-Truiden, Limburg Regional Airport - EBST is PPR. The length of the runway is 1199 meters (3933 ft) and positionned as 06 - 24. Frequency is 119.975. It's a former air force base of the Belgian Air Force

Fuel (Jet A-1 and Avgas) are available. All is located in hangar 41 (turn right at the end of the runway when taxiing heading 06). Opening hours from 09:00 LT until sunset 7/7. There is also a flight school (airplane and helicopter) Fly One.

Sports

A football club is based in Sint-Truiden: K. Sint-Truidense V.V.

Sister cities

Sint-Truiden is twinned with the following cities:

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sint-Truiden — Sint Truiden …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sint-Truiden —   [sɪnt trœjdə], französisch Saint Trond [sɛ̃ trɔ̃], Stadt im Südwesten der Provinz Limburg, Belgien, 36 900 Einwohner; Obstbau (Kirschen, Birnen), Obstversteigerung und verwertung; Maschinen , Fahrzeug und Ölbrennerbau, Herstellung von… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sint Truiden — Sint Truiden, fläm. Name für Saint Trond …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sint-Truiden — Saint Trond Saint Trond (nl) Sint Truiden …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sint-Truiden — {{{nombre}}} Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sint-Truiden — Original name in latin Sint Truiden Name in other language Saint Trond, Sint Truijen, Sint Trjujden, Sint Truiden, Sintruin, Синт Трюйден State code BE Continent/City Europe/Brussels longitude 50.81679 latitude 5.18647 altitude 54 Population… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Sint-Truiden — Sp Sint Tredenas Ap Sint Truiden flamandiškai (olandų k. tarme) L Belgija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Holiday Home Herenhuis Sint Truiden — (Синт Трёйден,Бельгия) Категория отеля: Адрес: 3800 Синт Трёйде …   Каталог отелей

  • Niel-bij-Sint-Truiden — Niel bij Sint Truiden …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Holiday home Het Bloesemklooster Sint Truiden — (Синт Трёйден,Бельгия) Категория отеля: Адрес: 3800 С …   Каталог отелей


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