Telemark

Telemark

Infobox Fylke
name = Telemark
idnumber = 08
capital = Skien
governor = Kari Nordheim-Larsen
governor_party = Arbeiderpartiet
governor_date = 2006
mayor = Gunn Marit Helgesen
mayor_party = Høyre
mayor_date = 2003
region = Østlandet
arearank = 10
area = 15299
arealand = 13854
areapercent = 4.55
population_as_of = 2008
populationrank = 13
population = 167,102
populationpercent = 3.63
populationdensity = 12
populationincrease = 1.8
gdp_as_of = 2001
gdprank = 12
gdppercent = 2.38
gdpcapita = 219,404
incomecapita = 139,900


munwebpage = www.telemark-fk.no
language = Neutral
demonym = Teledøl or Telemarking

Audio|Telemark.ogg|Telemark is a county in Norway, bordering Vestfold, Buskerud, Hordaland, Rogaland and Aust-Agder. The county administration is in Skien.

The county is located in southeastern Norway, extending from Hardangervidda to the Skagerrak coast. The coastline extends from Langesundsfjorden to Gjernestangen at the border to Aust-Agder. Telemark has a very broken and heterogeneous landscape, including many hills and valleys.

The largest population centres are Skien, Porsgrunn, Notodden, Rjukan and Kragerø. Other important places are , Fyresdal and Vinje.

The name

The Norse form of the name was "Þelamörk". The first element is the genitive plural case of "þelir", the name of an old Germanic tribe. The last element is "mörk" f 'woodland, borderland'. (See also Hedmark and Finnmark.)

Until 1919 the county was called "Bratsberg amt". The amt was named after the farm Bratsberg (Norse "Brattsberg"), since this was the seat of the "amtmann" ('governor'). The first element is the genitive case of "brattr" m 'steep mountain', the last element is "berg" n 'mountain'. (The name is referring to a steep mountainside behind the farm.)

Telemark lent its name to Telemark skiing, a style invented by Sondre Norheim, and the characteristic Telemark landing of ski jumping.

Coat-of-arms

The coat-of-arms is from modern times (1970). It shows an old type of battle axe, significant for the county.

History

Some historians used to believe that Telemark had been a petty kingdom in the early Viking Age, prior to the reign of Harald Fairhair. This assertion, however, is unfounded.

The film "The Heroes of Telemark" is loosely based on the Norwegian heavy water sabotage, a raid on a heavy water plant at Rjukan during World War II. Ray Mears made a documentary titled "The Real Heroes of Telemark" as a response to the inaccuracies of the film, giving an account more focused on the outdoor skills that were required for the operation (spending months in remote cabins).

Until 1919 the county was known as "Bratsberg amt".

Notable people born in Telemark

*Myllarguten (1801 - 1872), legendary fiddler born in Sauherad
*Aasmund Olavsson Vinje (1818–1870), author born in Vinje.
*Sondre Norheim (1825–1897), father of skiing born in Morgedal, Kviteseid
*August Cappelen (1827 - 1852), national romantic painter born in Skien.
*Henrik Ibsen (1828–1906), author born in Skien
*Theodor Kittelsen (1857 - 1914), artist born in Kragerø
*Vidkun Quisling (1887–1945), politician, nation leader during World War II born in Fyresdal
*Aslaug Vaa (1889–1965), author born in Rauland
*Tarjei Vesaas (1897–1970), author born in Vinje
*Anne Grimdalen (1899–1961), sculptor born in Skafså, Tokke
*Eivind Groven (1901–1977), composer born in Lårdal, Tokke
*Dyre Vaa (1903–1980), sculptor born in Vinje
*Klaus Egge (1906–1979), composer born in Gransherad, Notodden
*Gunnar Sønsteby, (1918-), war hero born in Rjukan , Tinn
*Hans Herbjørnsrud (1938–), author born in Heddal, Notodden
*Tor Åge Bringsværd (1939–), author born in Skien
*Kåre Nordstoga (1954-) , musician born in Notodden
*Gisle Kverndokk (1967-), composer born in Skien
*Odd Nordstoga (1972-), musician born in Vinje.
*Frode Johnsen (1974-), footballer born in Skien.
*Terje Haakonsen (1974-), master snowboarder born in Vinje
*Ihsahn (Vegard Sverre Tveitan) (1975-), black/extreme metal musician born in Notodden

Districts

The county is conventionally divided into traditional districts. These are Grenland, Vest-Telemark, Midt-Telemark, Øst-Telemark and Vestmar.

Municipalities

Telemark County has a total of 18 municipalities:

#Bamble
#
#Drangedal
#Fyresdal
#Hjartdal
#Kragerø
#Kviteseid
#Nissedal
#Nome
#Notodden
#Porsgrunn
#Sauherad
#Seljord
#Siljan
#Skien
#Tinn
#Tokke
#Vinje

External links

*
* [http://www.telemark-fk.no Homepage of Telemark County]
* [http://www.telemark-fk.no/C1256A1000361FD7/0/C941AC78A23972CFC1256BE60037028F?OpenDocument County map]
* [http://www.rjukanlag.no Rjukan lag av Norske Redningshunder, K9 saves lives]
* [http://www.cavinguk.co.uk/holidays/HeroesOfTelemark2006/ The reality behind the movie]

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • télémark — [ telemark ] n. m. • 1896; nom d une localité de Norvège ♦ Ski, vx Virage accompli en fente avant prononcée (un genou près du sol). ● télémark nom masculin (de Telemark, nom propre) Virage à ski exécuté sur les pentes à faible déclivité, en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Telemark — puede referirse a, ● Telemark (Noruega), una región de Noruega. ● Telemark (esquí), una técnica de Esquí nacida en la región noruega de mismo nombre. * * * ► Condado de SE de Noruega; 15 315 km2 y 162 919 h. Cap., Skien …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • telemark — tȅlemark m DEFINICIJA sport 1. specifičan način doskoka u skijaškim skokovima (ili letovima) 2. zast. u skijanju: način promjene smjera vožnje ili zaustavljanja u dubokom snijegu ETIMOLOGIJA prema norveškoj pokrajini Telemark …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • telemark — [tel′ə märk΄] n. [after Telemark, region in S Norway] Skiing a slow turning movement in which the outer ski is advanced and turned in at a widening angle until the turn is accomplished …   English World dictionary

  • Télémark — Skieur de télémark Le télémark est la technique ancestrale du ski alpin. La descente se fait alors avec le talon libre, ce qui permet d exécuter des virages harmonieux dits « virages télémark ». Le virage télémark s effectue avec un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Telemark — Comté de Telemark Pour la technique de ski, voir Télémark. Comté de Telemark Informations Centre administratif : Skien Région  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Telemark — Para la técnica deportiva, véase Telemark (esquí). Telemark Provincia de Noruega …   Wikipedia Español

  • Telemark — Wappen Karte Basisdaten Land …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • telemark — noun a) A telemark turn. b) Telemark skiing. Syn: free heel skiing …   Wiktionary

  • Telemark — Te|le|mark 〈m. 6; kurz für〉 Telemarkschwung * * * Te|le|mark, der; s, s [nach der gleichnamigen norweg. Landschaft]: 1. (Ski früher) Schwung quer zum Hang. 2. (Skispringen) Stellung des Springers beim Aufsetzen mit einem nach vorn geschobenen… …   Universal-Lexikon

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