name = Telemark
idnumber = 08
governor_party = Arbeiderpartiet
governor_date = 2006
Gunn Marit Helgesen
mayor_party = Høyre
mayor_date = 2003
region = Østlandet
arearank = 10
area = 15299
arealand = 13854
areapercent = 4.55
population_as_of = 2008
populationrank = 13
population = 167,102
populationpercent = 3.63
populationdensity = 12
populationincrease = 1.8
gdp_as_of = 2001
gdprank = 12
gdppercent = 2.38
gdpcapita = 219,404
incomecapita = 139,900
munwebpage = www.telemark-fk.no
language = Neutral
demonym = Teledøl or Telemarking
Audio|Telemark.ogg|Telemark is a county in
Norway, bordering Vestfold, Buskerud, Hordaland, Rogalandand Aust-Agder. The county administration is in Skien.
The county is located in southeastern Norway, extending from
Hardangerviddato the Skagerrakcoast. The coastline extends from Langesundsfjorden to Gjernestangen at the border to Aust-Agder. Telemark has a very broken and heterogeneous landscape, including many hills and valleys.
The largest population centres are
Skien, Porsgrunn, Notodden, Rjukanand Kragerø. Other important places are Bø, Fyresdaland Vinje.
The Norse form of the name was "Þelamörk". The first element is the genitive plural case of "þelir", the name of an old Germanic tribe. The last element is "mörk" f 'woodland, borderland'. (See also
Until 1919 the county was called "Bratsberg amt". The amt was named after the farm Bratsberg (Norse "Brattsberg"), since this was the seat of the "amtmann" ('governor'). The first element is the genitive case of "brattr" m 'steep mountain', the last element is "berg" n 'mountain'. (The name is referring to a steep mountainside behind the farm.)
Telemark lent its name to
Telemark skiing, a style invented by Sondre Norheim, and the characteristic Telemark landingof ski jumping.
The coat-of-arms is from modern times (1970). It shows an old type of
battle axe, significant for the county.
Some historians used to believe that Telemark had been a
petty kingdomin the early Viking Age, prior to the reign of Harald Fairhair. This assertion, however, is unfounded.
The film "
The Heroes of Telemark" is loosely based on the Norwegian heavy water sabotage, a raid on a heavy water plant at Rjukanduring World War II. Ray Mears made a documentary titled " The Real Heroes of Telemark" as a response to the inaccuracies of the film, giving an account more focused on the outdoor skills that were required for the operation (spending months in remote cabins).
Until 1919 the county was known as "
Notable people born in Telemark
Myllarguten(1801 - 1872), legendary fiddler born in Sauherad
Aasmund Olavsson Vinje(1818–1870), author born in Vinje.
Sondre Norheim(1825–1897), father of skiing born in Morgedal, Kviteseid
August Cappelen(1827 - 1852), national romantic painter born in Skien.
Henrik Ibsen(1828–1906), author born in Skien
Theodor Kittelsen(1857 - 1914), artist born in Kragerø
Vidkun Quisling(1887–1945), politician, nation leader during World War IIborn in Fyresdal
Aslaug Vaa(1889–1965), author born in Rauland
Tarjei Vesaas(1897–1970), author born in Vinje
Anne Grimdalen(1899–1961), sculptor born in Skafså, Tokke
Eivind Groven(1901–1977), composer born in Lårdal, Tokke
Dyre Vaa(1903–1980), sculptor born in Vinje
Klaus Egge(1906–1979), composer born in Gransherad, Notodden
Gunnar Sønsteby, (1918-), war hero born in Rjukan, Tinn
Hans Herbjørnsrud(1938–), author born in Heddal, Notodden
Tor Åge Bringsværd(1939–), author born in Skien
Kåre Nordstoga(1954-) , musician born in Notodden
Gisle Kverndokk(1967-), composer born in Skien
Odd Nordstoga(1972-), musician born in Vinje.
Frode Johnsen(1974-), footballer born in Skien.
Terje Haakonsen(1974-), master snowboarder born in Vinje
Ihsahn(Vegard Sverre Tveitan) (1975-), black/extreme metal musician born in Notodden
The county is conventionally divided into traditional districts. These are
Grenland, Vest-Telemark, Midt-Telemark, Øst-Telemarkand Vestmar.
Telemark County has a total of 18 municipalities:
* [http://www.telemark-fk.no Homepage of Telemark County]
* [http://www.telemark-fk.no/C1256A1000361FD7/0/C941AC78A23972CFC1256BE60037028F?OpenDocument County map]
* [http://www.rjukanlag.no Rjukan lag av Norske Redningshunder, K9 saves lives]
* [http://www.cavinguk.co.uk/holidays/HeroesOfTelemark2006/ The reality behind the movie]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.