Producer gas


Producer gas

The term Producer gas has different meanings in the USA and UK.

USA

Producer Gas is a generic term referring to:

* Wood gas : produced in a gasifier to power cars with ordinary internal combustion engines.
* Town gas : manufactured gas, originally produced from coal, for sale to consumers and municipalities.
* Syngas : used as a fuel source or as an intermediate for the production of other chemicals.In old movies and stories, when describing suicide by "turning on the gas" and leaving an oven door open without lighting the flame, they were talking about producer gas. It was odorless and poisonous. Modern 'natural gas' used in homes is far less toxic, and has an onion-like scent added to it for identifying leaks.

UK

In the UK, Producer Gas, also called suction gas, specifically means a fuel gas made from coke or other carbonaceous material. Air is passed over the red-hot carbonaceous fuel and carbon monoxide is produced. The reaction is exothermic and proceeds as follows:

:2C + O2 → 2CO

The nitrogen in the air remains unchanged and dilutes the gas, leaving it a very low calorific value. After "scrubbing", to remove tar, the gas may be used to power gas turbines which are well-suited to fuels of low calorific value.

Producer gas is useful but requires careful handling because of the high risk of carbon monoxide poisoning.

References

* Mellor, J.W., "Intermediate Inorganic Chemistry", Longmans, Green and Co., 1941, page 211
* Adlam, G.H.J. and Price, L.S., "A Higher School Certificate Inorganic Chemistry", John Murray, 1944, page 309

ee also

* Water gas

External links

* [http://www.nelmes.fsnet.co.uk/paxman/suctngas.htm Paxman Suction Gas Producers]
* http://www.ekomobiili.fi Presentation of modern woodgas powered cars in Finland


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • producer gas — n. a fuel gas that is a mixture of nitrogen, carbon monoxide, and hydrogen, made by passing air or a mixture of air and steam over incandescent coal or coke …   English World dictionary

  • producer gas — a gas composed of carbon monoxide, hydrogen, and nitrogen, obtained by passing air and steam through incandescent coke: used as an industrial fuel, in certain gas engines, and in the manufacture of ammonia. Also called air gas. [1890 95] * * * ▪… …   Universalium

  • producer gas — generatorinės dujos statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Dujinis kuras (26–30% CO, 13–15% H₂, 45–55% N₂, 5–8% CO₂ su CH₄, H₂S, O₂ priemaišomis), gaunamas per kaitinamą kietąjį kurą leidžiant vandens garus. atitikmenys: angl. producer gas rus.… …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • producer gas — generatorinės dujos statusas T sritis Energetika apibrėžtis Dujinis kuras, gautas dujinant skystąjį ar kietąjį kurą dujų generatoriuose. Pagal naudojamą oksidatorių skiriamos oro, deguonies ir garo generatorinės dujos. Jas sudaro anglies… …   Aiškinamasis šiluminės ir branduolinės technikos terminų žodynas

  • producer gas — noun a gas made of carbon monoxide and hydrogen and nitrogen; made by passing air over hot coke • Syn: ↑air gas • Hypernyms: ↑gas …   Useful english dictionary

  • producer gas — produc′er gas n. chem. a mixture of carbon monoxide, hydrogen, and nitrogen prepared from coke and used as an industrial fuel, in certain gas engines, and in the manufacture of ammonia • Etymology: 1890–95 …   From formal English to slang

  • producer gas — /prəˈdjusə gæs/ (say pruh dyoohsuh gas) noun a vaporous fuel produced by gasifying cheap solid fuel with steam, used in the place of petrol, natural gas, etc. The chief constituents are carbon monoxide, hydrogen, and nitrogen …   Australian English dictionary

  • producer gas — noun Date: 1895 a fuel gas made by circulating air or a mixture of air and steam through a layer of incandescent fuel and consisting chiefly of carbon monoxide, hydrogen, and nitrogen …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Producer Gas —   Low or medium Btu content gas, composed mainly of carbon monoxide, nitrogen(2), and hydrogen(2) made by the gasification of wood or coal …   Energy terms

  • producer gas — noun a low grade fuel gas containing carbon monoxide, formed by passing air, or air and steam, through red hot carbon …   English new terms dictionary


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