Carl Bosch


Carl Bosch

Infobox_Scientist
name = Carl Bosch



image_size = 180px
birth_date = birth date|1874|8|27|df=y
birth_place = Cologne, Germany
nationality = Germany
death_date = death date and age|1940|4|26|1874|8|27
death_place = Heidelberg, Germany
field = Chemistry
work_institution = BASF
alma_mater = Technical College of Charlottenburg
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for =Haber-Bosch process
prizes = Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1931)

Carl Bosch (August 27, 1874 – April 26, 1940) was a German chemist and engineer who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.cite web |url=http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1931/bosch-bio.html |title=Carl Bosch Biography |accessdate= 2008-05-24 |publisher=Nobel Foundation]

Biography

Bosch was born in Cologne on August 27, 1874. He studied at the Technical College of Charlottenburg (today the Technical University of Berlin) and the University of Leipzig from 1892-1898. In 1899 he started to work at BASF. From 1908 until 1913 developed the Haber-Bosch process together with Fritz Haber. After World War I he was working on petrol and methanol synthesis via high pressure chemistry. In 1925 Bosch was one of the founders of IG Farben and from 1935 chairman of the board of directors. He received the Siemens-Ring in 1924 for his own contributions to applied research and his patronate support to basic research. In 1931 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry together with Friedrich Bergius for the introduction of high pressure chemistry. He died in Heidelberg.

He was also an amateur astronomer and the asteroid 7414 Bosch was named in his honour [http://www.kleinplanetenseite.de/Versch/kphimmel.htm †] .

Carl Bosch collected meteorites which were brought to Yale University in 1949. [cite journal
author= Meteorites in the Carl Bosch Collection of Minerals Yale University
title = Carl Bosch und die Naturwissenschaft
journal = Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
year = 1949
volume = 5
issue = 6
pages = 299–300
doi = 10.1016/0016-7037(54)90037-X
url=
]

References

*cite journal
author= Peter Hayes
title = Carl Bosch and Carl Krauch: Chemistry and the Political Economy of Germany, 1925-1945
journal = The Journal of Economic History
year = 1987
volume = 47
issue = 2
pages = 353–363
doi =
url= http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-0507%28198706%2947%3A2%3C353%3ACBACKC%3E2.0.CO%3B2-4

*cite journal
author= K. Holdermann
title = Carl Bosch und die Naturwissenschaft
journal = Naturwissenschaften
year = 1949
volume = 36
issue = 6
pages = 161–165
doi = 10.1007/BF00626575
url=

*cite journal
author= Carl Krauch
title = Carl Bosch zum Gedächtnis
journal = Angewandte Chemie
year = 1940
volume = 53
issue = 27-28
pages = 285–288
doi = 10.1002/ange.19400532702
url=

External articles

* [http://www.nobel.se/chemistry/laureates/1931/bosch-bio.html Nobel biography]
* [http://uk.geocities.com/hertouyt/cgi-bin/bosch-speech.html recognition of their contributions to the invention and development of chemical high pressure methods.]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carl Bosch — (1931) Carl Bosch (* 27. August 1874 in Köln; † 26. April 1940 in Heidelberg) war ein deutscher Chemiker, Techniker, Industrieller und Vorstandsvorsitzender des Chemiekonzerns I.G. Farben. In der Zeit des Nationalsozialismus war er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Carl Bosch Museum Heidelberg — Carl Bosch Museum in Heidelberg Das Carl Bosch Museum Heidelberg zeigt als Technikmuseum auf über 300 m² und zwei Außenflächen Leben und Wirken des Heidelberger Nobelpreisträgers Carl Bosch (1874 1940). Das im Schloss Wolfsbrunnenweg gelegene… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Bosch — bezeichnet: Robert Bosch GmbH Bosch (Insel), eine im 18. Jahrhundert untergegangene Insel im niederländischen Wattenmeer (7414) Bosch, ein Asteroid des Hauptgürtels Bosch als Familienname: der Rotterdamer Familie Van den Bosch Bosch ist der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Carl — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Carl hace referencia a: Consejo Andaluz de Relaciones Laborales (CARL), órgano competente de la Junta de Andalucía en materia laboral. Carl Bosch, químico e industrial alemán, premio Nobel de Química en 1931; Carl… …   Wikipedia Español


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