Université de Montréal


Université de Montréal

Coordinates: 45°30′17″N 73°36′46″W / 45.50472°N 73.61278°W / 45.50472; -73.61278

University of Montreal
Université de Montréal
Motto Fide splendet et scientia (Latin)
Motto in English It shines by faith and knowledge
Established 1878 as Université Laval à Montréal
Type Public
Endowment $ 133.938 million[1]
Rector Guy Breton
Academic staff 6,607[2]
Admin. staff 4,379[2]
Undergraduates 41,055[2]
Postgraduates 14,485[2]
Location Montreal, QC, Canada
Campus Urban, park, 60 ha (150 acres)
Colors Royal blue, White and Black               
Athletics 15 varsity teams
Carabins
Mascot Carabin
Affiliations AUCC, IAU, AUF, AUFC, ACU, CIS, QSSF, IFPU, U15, CBIE, CUP.
Website www.umontreal.ca
Universite de Montreal logo.svg

The University of Montreal (Fr: Université de Montréal)[3] (UdeM) is a public francophone research university in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It comprises thirteen faculties, more than sixty departments and two[4] affiliated schools: the École Polytechnique (School of Engineering) and HEC Montréal (School of Business). It offers more than 650 undergraduate programmes and graduate programmes, including 71 doctoral programmes.

The university has Quebec's largest sponsored research income and the fourth largest in Canada,[5] allocating close to $447.2 million to research conducted in more than 150 research centres as of 2007.[6] It is also part of the U15 universities. More than 55,000 students are enrolled in undergraduate and graduate programs, making it the second largest university in Canada in terms of student enrollment.[2]

Contents

History

Early years

As an institution, the university was first founded when the Université Laval in Quebec City founded a new branch in Montréal in 1878, which became known as the Université de Laval à Montréal.[7] This initially went against the wishes of Montréal's prelate, who advocated an independent university in his city.[8] Certain parts of the institution's educational facilities, such as those of the Séminaire de Québec, had already been established in Montréal as early as 1876.[9] The Vatican granted the university some administrative autonomy in 1889, thus allowing it to choose its own professors and license its own diplomas. However it was not until May 8, 1919 that a papal charter from Pope Benedict XV granted full autonomy to the university.[10] It thus became an independent Catholic university and adopted Université de Montréal as its name.[11] Laval composed by Wilfrid Beaudry was dedicated to the students at Laval University and the University of Montréal. The music for piano was published in Québec by J. Beaudry, circa 1906.[12]

At the time of its creation, less than a hundred students were admitted to the university's three faculties, which at that time were located in Old Montreal. These were the faculty of theology (located at the Grand séminaire de Montréal), the faculty of law (hosted by the Society of Saint-Sulpice) and the faculty of medicine (at the Château Ramezay).[13][14]

Graduate training based on German-inspired American models of specialized course work and completion of a research thesis was introduced and adopted.[9] Most of Québec's secondary education establishments employed classic course methods of varying quality. This forced the university to open a preparatory school in 1887 to harmonize the education level of its students. Named the "Faculty of Arts", this school would remain in use until 1972 and was the predecessor of Québec's current CEGEP system.[15]

Founding by provincial charter

Although a branch of Laval University was planned as Montreal's first French-language university, it was not until February 14, 1920, that the first provincial charter founding the university was passed.[10] The second provincial charter was passed in 1950.[10] The policy of university education initiated in the 1960s (following the Quiet Revolution) was a response to popular pressure and the belief that higher education was a key to social justice and economic productivity for individuals as well as society.[9] The third provincial charter, which was passed in 1967, defined the Université de Montréal as a public institution, dedicated to higher learning and research, in the administration of which students and teachers would have the right to participate.[10]

Campus relocation

Former campus on Rue Saint-Denis.
A view of the present Roger Gaudry building, built in 1943 and designed by Ernest Cormier, on Mont-Royal.

From 1876 to 1895, most university classes took place in the Grand séminaire de Montréal. From 1895 to 1942, it was housed in a building at the intersection of Saint-Denis and Sainte-Catherine streets in Montreal's eastern downtown Quartier Latin.

Unlike English language universities in Montréal, such as McGill University, the university suffered a lack of funding for two major reasons: the relative poverty of the French Canadian population and the complications ensuing from its remote management from Quebec City. The downtown campus was hit by three different fires between 1919 and 1921, further complicating the university's already precarious finances and forcing it to spend much of its resources on repairing its own infrastructure.[16]

By 1930, enough funds had been accumulated to start the construction of a new campus on the north west slope of Mount Royal, adopting new plans designed by Ernest Cormier. However, the financial crisis of the 1930s virtually suspended all ongoing construction.[17] Many speculated that the university would have to sell off its unfinished building projects in order to ensure its own survival. Not before 1939 did the provincial government directly intervene by injecting public funds.[18] Campus construction subsequently resumed and the mountain campus was officially inaugurated on June 3, 1943.[19] The university's former downtown facilities would later serve Montreal's second francophone university, the Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM).

Nuclear research

In 1943, the university assisted the Western Allies by providing laboratory accommodations on its campus. Scientists there worked to develop a nuclear reactor, notably by conducting various heavy water experiments. The research was part of the larger Manhattan Project, which aimed to develop the first atomic bomb. Scientists here managed to produce the first atomic battery to work outside of the United States. One of the participating Québécois scientists, Pierre Demers, also discovered a series of radioactive elements issued from Neptunium.[20]

Growth and expansion

École Polytechnique as it stands today.

Two distinct schools eventually became affiliated to the university. The first was the École Polytechnique, a school of engineering, which was founded in 1873 and became affiliated in 1887. The second was the École des Hautes Études Commerciales, or HEC, which was founded in 1907 and became part of the university in 1915.[13] The first francophone school of architecture in Canada opened in 1907 at the École Polytechnique.[21]

Between 1920 and 1925, seven new faculties were added to the initial three: Philosophy, Literature, Sciences, Veterinary medicine, Dental surgery, Pharmacy and Social sciences.[16] Notably, the Faculty of Social sciences was founded in 1920 by Édouard Montpetit, the first laic to lead a faculty.[22] He thereafter fulfilled the role of secretary-general until 1950.

In 1965, the appointment of the university's first secular rector, Roger Gaudry, paved the way for modernization. The university established the first adult education degree program offered by a French Canadian university in 1968.

An important event that marked the university's history was the École Polytechnique massacre. On December 6, 1989, a gunman armed with an automatic rifle entered the École Polytechnique building, killing 14 people, all of whom were women, before taking his own life.

Since 2002, the university has embarked on its largest construction projects since the late 1960s, with five new modern buildings planned for advanced research in pharmacology, engineering, aerospace, cancer studies and biotechnology.[13]

Campus

Mont-Royal campus.
Pavillon Roger-Gaudry.

The university's main campus is located on the northern slope of Mont-Royal in the Outremont and Côte-des-Neiges boroughs. Its landmark Pavilion Roger-Gaudry , which was designed by the noted architect Ernest Cormier, can be seen from around the campus and is known for its imposing tower. It is built mainly in the Art Deco style, with some elements of International style.

The campus is served by the Côte-des-Neiges, Université-de-Montreal, and Édouard-Montpetit metro stations.

Apart from its main Mont-Royal campus, the university also maintains four regional facilities in Lanaudière, Laval, Longueuil, Québec and Mauricie.[23] The campus in Laval, just north of Montréal, was opened in 2006. It is Laval's first university campus, and is located in the area near the Montmorency metro station. In October 2009, the university announced an expansion to its Laval satellite campus with the commissioning of its six-storey Cité du Savoir complex.[24] In order to solve the problem of lack of space on its main campus, the university is also planning to open a new campus in Outremont.[25]

The Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM) and the Centre hospitalier universitaire Sainte-Justine are the two teaching hospital networks of the Université de Montréal's Faculty of Medicine, although the latter is also affiliated with other medical institutions such as the Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal, Montreal Heart Institute, Hôpital Sacré-Coeur and Hôpital Maisonneuve-Rosemont.

Student life

There are various student groups, clubs and associations on the university's campus, the largest of them being the FAÉCUM, a federation of students' unions.

The campus offers various student-run newspapers, the largest being Quartier Libre, a member of the Canadian University Press (CUP). The campus also has its own student-run radio station, CISM-FM.

The Université de Montréal officially recognized one fraternity on the campus: Sigma Thêta Pi .[26]

Academics

Faculties

Université de Montréal's Faculty of Music
  • Faculty of Landscape Architecture, Design and Urban Planning. The Faculty of Architecture offers a program in architecture accredited by the Canadian Architectural Certification Board at both the bachelor level (B.Arch.) and the master's level (M.Arch.). [27]
  • Faculty of Arts and Sciences
  • Faculty of Law
  • Faculty of Continuing Education
  • Faculty of Graduate Studies
  • Faculty of Medicine
  • Faculty of Dentistry
  • Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
  • Faculty of Music
  • Faculty of Pharmacy
  • Faculty of Education
  • Faculty of Nursing
  • Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies
  • Department of Kinesiology
  • School of Optometry

Affiliated schools

Research centres

Several research-dedicated organizations can also be found on the university's campus, such as the Centre for International Studies and the Centre de Recherches Mathématiques.

Rankings

University rankings
Université de Montréal
ARWU World[28] 102-150
ARWU Social Sciences[29] 76-100
THE-WUR World[30] 104
THE-WUR Health Sciences[31] 47
Canadian rankings
ARWU National[32] 5-6
Maclean's Medical/Doctoral[33] 12
v · d · e

National

The Université de Montréal was ranked 13th (among 15 universities) in Canada in the category "Medical Doctoral" in the Maclean's 18th Annual Ranking issue, which ranks Canadian universities only.[citation needed] The Medical Doctoral category ranks universities that have a broad range of Ph.D. programs and research, as well as medical schools. Furthermore, since Maclean's began ranking Canadian law schools in 2007, it has placed Universite de Montréal's law school first overall civil law school for the second year in a row.[citation needed] Meanwhile, the Gourman Ranking of Canadian Universities ranked Universite de Montréal 12th (over 60 universities in Canada) in its 1998 report on undergraduate programs.[citation needed]

International

International rankings have been comparatively generous to Université de Montréal. However, in 2011 QS World University Rankings[34] ranked the university 137th in the world (and sixth in Canada), dropping back 29 places from its position of 107th in the THE-QS World University Rankings.[35] The same research ranked Université de Montréal 81st in the world for arts and humanities, 83rd for life sciences, 86 for social sciences, 117 for engineering and technology, and 128 for natural sciences.[36] In the Academic Ranking of World Universities 2011, Université de Montréal ranked 5th to 6th in Canada and 102nd to 150st in the world.[32] The Global University Ranking 2009 placed Université de Montréal 72-73rd in the world and 3rd in Canada.[37] The Newsweek Top 100 Global Universities ranking does not include Universite de Montréal as one of the top 100 universities in the world.[citation needed] In 2009, Forbes ranked Université de Montréal's business school, HEC Montréal, 10th in the world among non-U.S. universities for its one-year MBA program. Université de Montréal ranked 1st in Canada in the one-year MBA program category.[citation needed]

Athletics

The university is represented in Canadian Interuniversity Sport by the Carabins. The Carabins, whose origins date back to 1922,[38] currently rank among the top 10 university teams in Canada. The organization has over 350 student athletes organized in 17 different teams and 10 disciplines: badminton, football, golf, swimming, alpine skiing, soccer, tennis, hockey, cheerleading and volleyball. Following the establishment of a Club of Governors in June 2002, the Carabins are now partly financed through private funds. Initially led by Formula One Grand Prix president Normand Legault, the Club is composed of various business personalities and is currently headed by Rona CEO Robert Dutton.

On January 31, 2008, the Carabins announced the creation of its first female hockey team, which after training and preparation should officially start competing by fall 2009.[38]

Faculty and alumni

Noted faculty

Noted alumni

An Order of Merit is appointed to particularly successful alumni on annual basis.[39]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Financial Report". 2009 Annual Report. Universite de Montreal. p. 12. http://www.direction.umontreal.ca/recteur/documents/rapport-annuel/rap_an2009en.pdf. Retrieved 11 August 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Université de Montréal official statistics (French)
  3. ^ "2007 Annual Report (English). Université de Montréal Accessed October 20, 2008.
  4. ^ General overview of Université de Montréal
  5. ^ - Canada’s Top 50 Research Universities 2010
  6. ^ 2007 Annual Report (English), "Research Income by University", p. 27
  7. ^ Pound, Richard W. (2005). 'Fitzhenry and Whiteside Book of Canadian Facts and Dates'. Fitzhenry and Whiteside. 
  8. ^ Université de Montréal - Fêtes du 125e - 125 ans d'histoire (1878-2003) (French)
  9. ^ a b c The Canadian Encyclopedia - University
  10. ^ a b c d The Canadian Encyclopedia - Université de Montréal
  11. ^ Université de Montréal - Fêtes du 125e - 125 ans d'histoire (1878-2003) (French)
  12. ^ Laval http://amicus.collectionscanada.gc.ca/ourl/c.php?id=16182129&l=eng&s=amicus
  13. ^ a b c Université de Montréal - English - Brief History
  14. ^ Université de Montréal - Information générale (French)
  15. ^ Université de Montréal - Fêtes du 125e - 125 ans d'histoire (1878-2003) (French)
  16. ^ a b Université de Montréal - Fêtes du 125e - 125 ans d'histoire (1878-2003) (French)
  17. ^ Université de Montréal - Fêtes du 125e - 125 ans d'histoire (1878-2003) (French)
  18. ^ Université de Montréal - Fêtes du 125e - 125 ans d'histoire (1878-2003) (French)
  19. ^ Université de Montréal - Fêtes du 125e - 125 ans d'histoire (1878-2003) (French)
  20. ^ Université de Montréal - Fêtes du 125e - 125 ans d'histoire (1878-2003) (French)
  21. ^ The Canadian Encyclopedia - Architectural Education
  22. ^ Université de Montréal - Fêtes du 125e - 125 ans d'histoire (1878-2003) (French)
  23. ^ Université de Montréal - Bureau de l'enseignement régional (French)
  24. ^ Croteau, Martin (October 14, 2009). "Nouveau campus de l'UdM à Laval" (in French). La Presse (Montreal). http://www.cyberpresse.ca/actualites/quebec-canada/education/200910/14/01-911374-nouveau-campus-de-ludm-a-laval.php. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  25. ^ Université de Montréal - Outremont facility project page (French)
  26. ^ Université de Montréal Student Group
  27. ^ http://www.raic.org/architecture_architects/becoming_an_architect/education_e.htm Architecture Canada
  28. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2011". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. 2011. http://www.shanghairanking.com/ARWU2011.html. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  29. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities in Social Science - 2011". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. 2011. http://www.shanghairanking.com/FieldSOC2011.html. Retrieved 19 November 2011. 
  30. ^ "The World University Rankings 2011-2012". Times Higher Education. 2011. http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/2011-2012/top-400.html. Retrieved 19 November 2011. 
  31. ^ "Times Higher Education World University Rankings: Clincal, Pre-Clinical, Health Sciences". Times Higher Education. 2011. http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/2011-2012/clinical-pre-clinical-health.html. Retrieved 19 November 2011. 
  32. ^ a b "Canada Universities in Top 500". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. 2011. http://www.shanghairanking.com/Country2011Main.jsp?param=Canada. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  33. ^ "Maclean's 2011 University Rankings". Maclean's. 2011. http://oncampus.macleans.ca/education/2011/10/26/macleans-2011-university-rankings-2/. Retrieved 26 October 2011. 
  34. ^ http://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/world-university-rankings/2011?page=2
  35. ^ QS Top Universities, "[1]"
  36. ^ Times Higher Education, "QS World University Rankings: Top 200 World Universities". 01-10-2009. (Retrieved 13-11-2009)
  37. ^ http://www.globaluniversitiesranking.org/images/banners/top-100(eng).pdf
  38. ^ a b Université de Montréal - Carabins - Historique (French)
  39. ^ Université de Montréal - Gala de l'Ordre du Mérite (French)

Further reading

  • Bizier, Hélène-Andrée. 1993. L'Université de Montréal: la quête du savoir. Montréal: Libre expression. 311 pp. ISBN 2891115228 [2]

External links


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