- Goodbye, Columbus
Infobox Book |
name = Goodbye, Columbus
image_caption = Cover of the first edition
language = English
release_date = 1959
media_type = Print (Hardback &
"Goodbye, Columbus" (1959) is the title of the first book published by the American novelist
Philip Roth, a collection of six stories.
In addition to its title
novella, set in New Jersey, "Goodbye, Columbus" contains the five short stories "The Conversion of the Jews," "Defender of the Faith," "Epstein," "You Can't Tell a Man by the Song He Sings," and "Eli, the Fanatic." Each story deals with the problems and concerns of second and third-generation assimilated American Jews as they leave the ethnic ghettos of their parents and grandparents and go on to college, the white-collar professions, and life in the suburbs.
The book was a critical success for Roth, winning the 1960
National Book Awardand earning a name for him as a talented up-and-coming young writer. Still, the book was not without controversy, as certain elements in the Jewish community took issue with Roth's less than flattering portrayal of some of his characters. The short story "Defender of the Faith", about a Jewish drill sergeant who is exploited by three shirking, co-religionist draftees, drew particular ire. When Roth in 1962 appeared on a panel alongside the distinguished black novelist Ralph Ellisonto discuss minority representation in literature, the questions directed at him soon turned into denunciations. Many accused Roth of being a self-hating Jew, a label that would stick with him for much of his career. It is often speculated that the wildly obscene comedy of " Portnoy's Complaint" (1969) was Roth's defiant reply to his early Jewish critics.
The title story of the collection, "Goodbye, Columbus", is told from the point of view of the narrator, Neil Klugman. Neil is an intelligent graduate of
Rutgers Universitywho works in a low paying position in a library. He lives with his Aunt Gladys and Uncle Max in a working class neighborhood of Newark. One summer, Neil meets and falls in love with Brenda Patimkin, a student at Radcliffe Collegewho is from a wealthy family living in the affluent suburb of Short Hills. The novella explores the level of classism which afflicts the relationship, despite the fact that Brenda's father, Ben, is from the same environment as Neil. The issue of assimilation is intrinsic to the classism as well, since Brenda is much more assimilated than Neil. The title, "Goodbye, Columbus" refers to a record Brenda's brother listens to about his years as an athlete at The Ohio State University, further proof of the Patimkins' success at assimilation. As the book proceeds, Neil finds that their relationship is falling apart. It is finally realized that Neil and Brenda's relationship is not based on love but lust. Thus, the title may be seen as a metaphor for Neil saying goodbye to the affluent, assimilated world of the Patimkins.
The title story of the novella was made into the 1969 film, "Goodbye, Columbus", with
Ali MacGrawand Richard Benjamin.
"The Conversion of the Jews"
"The Conversion of the Jews" is one of the stories in the Goodbye, Columbus anthology. In this story Ozzie Freedman, a young boy about thirteen-years-old, confronts his
Hebrew schoolteacher, Rabbi Binder, with challenging questions such as whether it is possible that God gave the Virgin Mary a child without having intercourse. Binder interprets Ozzie's question as insubordinate, though Ozzie sincerely wishes to better understand God and his faith. When Ozzie continues to ask challenging questions, Binder slaps him on the face accidentally giving Ozzie a bloody nose. Interestingly, a nearly identical episode occurs in Mordecai Richler's "Son of A Smaller Hero", another North American-Jewish author to whom many comparisons of Roth's work have been made, most notably, in the alienation experienced by the assimilated Jew, no longer a member of his original ethnic, religious community, but similarly not accepted into the mass culture. Ozzie calls Binder a bastard and, without thinking, runs up to the roof of the synagogue where his Hebrew school lessons are kept.
The rabbi and pupils go out to watch Ozzie on the roof and try to convince him not to jump. Ozzie threatens to jump unless they all bow down on their knees in the Christian tradition and admit that God can make a virgin birth, and furthermore, that they believe in
Jesus Christbefore he willingly comes off the roof.
"The Conversion of the Jews" is an archaic phrase which can be found in
Andrew Marvell's " To His Coy Mistress": "And you should, if you please, refuse/Till the conversion of the Jews."
* [http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0403/is_1_51/ai_n15392543 "Goodbye, Columbus: Roth's portrait of the narcissist as a young man"]
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